This book addresses the current resurgence of interest in feminism-notably within popular culture and media-that has led some to announce the arrival of the fourth wave. Research explores where fourth-wave feminism sits in relation to those that preceded it, and in particular, how fourth-wave feminism intersects with differing understandings of postfeminism(s). Through accessible and highly topical examples such as; the controversial actions of activist group, Femen; the rising phenomenon of 'celebrity feminism;' or the assumed outdated views of feminists' associated with previous waves, the relationship between differing concepts of postfeminism(s) is illustrated. By pressing the need for an intergenerational approach to fourth-wave feminism, this book encourages engaging past debates and theorists allowing readers with an interest in the relationship between feminism and popular culture a fuller understanding of feminist theory and providing the opportunity to take stock before diving headfirst into another wave.
Nicola Rivers is Lecturer in the School of Liberal and Performing Arts at the University of Gloucestershire, UK.
1. Introduction.- 2. Between 'Postfeminism(s)': Announcing the Arrival of Fourth Wave.- 3. From Feminist Mothers to Feminist Monsters: Tensions Across the Waves.- 4. Celebrity Feminists: Selling Feminism or Feminism Selling Out?.- 5. Femen: Postfeminist Playfulness or Reinforcing Sexualized Stereotypes? 6. New Media, New Feminism?.- 7. Concluding Remarks: Looking Forward to the Fourth Wave.