Advanced Penetration Testing for Highly-Secured Environments - Second Edition

 
 
Packt Publishing Limited
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 29. März 2016
  • |
  • 428 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-78439-202-4 (ISBN)
 
Employ the most advanced pentesting techniques and tools to build highly-secured systems and environmentsAbout This BookLearn how to build your own pentesting lab environment to practice advanced techniquesCustomize your own scripts, and learn methods to exploit 32-bit and 64-bit programsExplore a vast variety of stealth techniques to bypass a number of protections when penetration testingWho This Book Is ForThis book is for anyone who wants to improve their skills in penetration testing. As it follows a step-by-step approach, anyone from a novice to an experienced security tester can learn effective techniques to deal with highly secured environments.Whether you are brand new or a seasoned expert, this book will provide you with the skills you need to successfully create, customize, and plan an advanced penetration test.What You Will LearnA step-by-step methodology to identify and penetrate secured environmentsGet to know the process to test network services across enterprise architecture when defences are in placeGrasp different web application testing methods and how to identify web application protections that are deployedUnderstand a variety of concepts to exploit softwareGain proven post-exploitation techniques to exfiltrate data from the targetGet to grips with various stealth techniques to remain undetected and defeat the latest defencesBe the first to find out the latest methods to bypass firewallsFollow proven approaches to record and save the data from tests for analysisIn DetailThe defences continue to improve and become more and more common, but this book will provide you with a number or proven techniques to defeat the latest defences on the networks. The methods and techniques contained will provide you with a powerful arsenal of best practices to increase your penetration testing successes.The processes and methodology will provide you techniques that will enable you to be successful, and the step by step instructions of information gathering and intelligence will allow you to gather the required information on the targets you are testing. The exploitation and post-exploitation sections will supply you with the tools you would need to go as far as the scope of work will allow you. The challenges at the end of each chapter are designed to challenge you and provide real-world situations that will hone and perfect your penetration testing skills. You will start with a review of several well respected penetration testing methodologies, and following this you will learn a step-by-step methodology of professional security testing, including stealth, methods of evasion, and obfuscation to perform your tests and not be detected!The final challenge will allow you to create your own complex layered architecture with defences and protections in place, and provide the ultimate testing range for you to practice the methods shown throughout the book. The challenge is as close to an actual penetration test assignment as you can get!Style and approachThe book follows the standard penetration testing stages from start to finish with step-by-step examples. The book thoroughly covers penetration test expectations, proper scoping and planning, as well as enumeration and foot printing
  • Englisch
  • Birmingham
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • Überarbeitete Ausgabe
978-1-78439-202-4 (9781784392024)
1784392022 (1784392022)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Lee Allen is currently the vulnerability management program lead for one of the Fortune 500. Among many other responsibilities, he performs security assessments and penetration testing.
Lee is very passionate and driven about the subject of penetration testing and security research. His journey into the exciting world of security began back in the 80s, while visiting BBSs with his trusty Commodore 64 and a room carpeted with 5 1/4-inch floppy disks. Over the years, he has continued his attempts at remaining up to date with the latest and greatest in the security industry and the community. He has several industry certifications, including OSWP, and has been working in the IT industry for over 15 years. His hobbies include validating and reviewing proof-of-concept exploit code, programming, security research, attending security conferences, discussing technology, writing, and skiing.
He lives in Ohio with his wife, Kellie, and their 6 children, Heather, Kristina, Natalie, Mason, Alyssa, and Seth. Kevin Cardwell currently works as a freelance consultant and provides consulting services for companies throughout the world, and as an advisor to numerous government entities in the USA, Middle East, Africa, Asia and the UK. He is an instructor, technical editor, and author for computer forensics and hacking courses. He is the author of the Center for Advanced Security and Training (CAST) Advanced Network Defense and Advanced Penetration Testing courses. He is a technical editor of the Learning Tree course, Penetration Testing Techniques and Computer Forensics. He has presented at the Black Hat USA, Hacker Halted, ISSA, and TakeDownCon conferences, as well as many others. He has chaired the cybercrime and cyber defense summit in Oman and was the executive chairman of the oil and gas cyber defense summit. He is the author of Building Virtual Pentesting Labs for Advanced Penetration Testing and Backtrack - Testing Wireless Network Security. He holds a BS in computer science from National University in California and an MS in software engineering from the Southern Methodist University (SMU) in Texas. He developed the strategy and training development plan for the first Government CERT in the country of Oman, which was recently rated as the top CERT in the Middle East. He serves as a professional training consultant to the Oman Information Technology Authority and developed the team to man the first Commercial Security Operations Center in Oman. He has worked extensively with banks and financial institutions throughout the Middle East, Europe, and the UK in the planning of a robust and secure architecture and implementing requirements to meet compliance. He currently provides consultancy to commercial companies, governments, federal agencies, major banks, and financial institutions throughout the globe. Some of his recent consulting projects include the Muscat Securities Market (MSM), Petroleum Development Oman, and the Central Bank of Oman. He designed and implemented the custom security baseline for the existing Oman Airport Management Company (OAMC) airports and the two new airports opening in 2016. He created custom security baselines for all of the Microsoft Operating Systems, Cisco devices, and other applications as well.
  • Cover
  • Copyright
  • Credits
  • About the Authors
  • About the Reviewer
  • www.PacktPub.com
  • Table of Contents
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Penetration Testing Essentials
  • Methodology defined
  • Example methodologies
  • Penetration testing framework
  • Penetration Testing Execution Standard
  • Pre-engagement interactions
  • Intelligence gathering
  • Threat modeling
  • Vulnerability analysis
  • Exploitation
  • Post exploitation
  • Reporting
  • Abstract methodology
  • Final thoughts
  • Summary
  • Chapter 2: Preparing a Test Environment
  • Introducing VMware Workstation
  • Why VMware Workstation?
  • Installing VMware Workstation
  • Network design
  • VMnet0
  • VMnet1
  • VMnet8
  • Folders
  • Understanding the default architecture
  • Installing Kali Linux
  • Creating the switches
  • Putting it all together
  • Installing Ubuntu LTS
  • Installing Kioptrix
  • Creating pfSense VM
  • Summary
  • Chapter 3: Assessment Planning
  • Introducing advanced penetration testing
  • Vulnerability assessments
  • Penetration testing
  • Advanced penetration testing
  • Before testing begins
  • Determining scope
  • Setting limits - nothing lasts forever
  • Rules of Engagement documentation
  • Planning for action
  • Configuring Kali
  • Updating the applications and operating system
  • Installing LibreOffice
  • Effectively managing your test results
  • Introduction to MagicTree
  • Starting MagicTree
  • Adding nodes
  • Data collection
  • Report generation
  • Introduction to the Dradis framework
  • Exporting a project template
  • Importing a project template
  • Preparing sample data for import
  • Importing your Nmap data
  • Exporting data into HTML
  • Dradis Category field
  • Changing the default HTML template
  • Summary
  • Chapter 4: Intelligence Gathering
  • Introducing reconnaissance
  • Reconnaissance workflow
  • DNS recon
  • nslookup - it's there when you need it
  • Default output
  • Changing nameservers
  • Creating an automation script
  • What did we learn?
  • Domain information groper
  • Default output
  • Zone transfers using Dig
  • Advanced features of Dig
  • DNS brute-forcing with fierce
  • Default command usage
  • Creating a custom word list
  • Gathering and validating domain and IP information
  • Gathering information with Whois
  • Specifying which registrar to use
  • Where in the world is this IP?
  • Defensive measures
  • Using search engines to do your job for you
  • Shodan
  • Filters
  • Understanding banners
  • Finding specific assets
  • Finding people (and their documents) on the Web
  • Google hacking database
  • Searching the Internet for clues
  • Creating network baselines with scanPBNJ
  • Metadata collection
  • Extracting metadata from photos using exiftool
  • Summary
  • Chapter 5: Network Service Attacks
  • Configuring and testing our lab clients
  • Kali - manual ifconfig
  • Ubuntu - manual ifconfig
  • Verifying connectivity
  • Maintaining IP settings after reboot
  • Angry IP Scanner
  • Nmap - getting to know you
  • Commonly seen Nmap scan types and options
  • Basic scans - warming up
  • Other Nmap techniques
  • Remaining stealthy
  • Shifting blame - the zombies did it!
  • IDS rules and how to avoid them
  • Using decoys
  • Adding custom Nmap scripts to your arsenal
  • Deciding if a script is right for you
  • Adding a new script to the database
  • Zenmap - for those who want the GUI
  • SNMP - a goldmine of information just waiting to be discovered
  • When the SNMP community string is NOT "public
  • Network baselines with ScanPBNJ
  • Setting up MySQL for PBNJ
  • Preparing the PBNJ database
  • First scan
  • Reviewing the data
  • Enumeration avoidance techniques
  • Naming conventions
  • Port knocking
  • Intrusion detection and avoidance systems
  • Trigger points
  • SNMP lockdown
  • Reader challenge
  • Summary
  • Chapter 6: Exploitation
  • Exploitation - why bother?
  • Manual exploitation
  • Enumerating services
  • Quick scans with unicornscan
  • Full scanning with Nmap
  • Banner grabbing with Netcat and Ncat
  • Banner grabbing with Netcat
  • Banner grabbing with Ncat
  • Banner grabbing with smbclient
  • Searching Exploit-DB
  • Exploit-DB at hand
  • Compiling the code
  • Compiling proof-of-concept code
  • Troubleshooting the code
  • Running the exploit
  • Getting files to and from victim machines
  • Starting a TFTP server on Kali
  • Installing and configuring pure-ftpd
  • Starting pure-ftpd
  • Passwords - something you know.
  • Cracking the hash
  • Brute-forcing passwords
  • Metasploit - learn it and love it
  • Databases and Metasploit
  • Performing an nmap scan from within Metasploit
  • Using auxiliary modules
  • Using Metasploit to exploit Kioptrix
  • Reader challenge
  • Summary
  • Chapter 7: Web Application Attacks
  • Practice makes perfect
  • Creating a KioptrixVM Level 3 clone
  • Installing and configuring Mutillidae on the Ubuntu virtual machine
  • Configuring pfSense
  • Configuring the pfSense DHCP server
  • Starting the virtual lab
  • pfSense DHCP - Permanent reservations
  • Installing HAProxy for load balancing
  • Adding Kioptrix3.com to the host file
  • Detecting load balancers
  • Quick reality check - Load Balance Detector
  • So, what are we looking for anyhow?
  • Detecting web application firewalls (WAF)
  • Taking on Level 3 - Kioptrix
  • Web Application Attack and Audit framework (w3af)
  • Using w3af GUI to save configuration time
  • Using a second tool for comparisons
  • Scanning using the w3af console
  • Using WebScarab as an HTTP proxy
  • Introduction to browser plugin HackBar
  • Reader challenge
  • Summary
  • Chapter 8: Exploitation Concepts
  • Buffer overflows - a refresher
  • Memory basics
  • C"ing is believing - Create a vulnerable program
  • Turning ASLR on and off in Kali
  • Understanding the basics of buffer overflows
  • 64-bit exploitation
  • Introducing vulnserver
  • Fuzzing tools included in Kali
  • Bruteforce Exploit Detector (BED)
  • sfuzz - Simple fuzzer
  • Social Engineering Toolkit
  • Fast-Track
  • Reader challenge
  • Summary
  • Chapter 9: Post-Exploitation
  • Rules of Engagement
  • What is permitted?
  • Can you modify anything and everything?
  • Are you allowed to add persistence?
  • How is the data that is collected and stored handled by you and your team?
  • Employee data and personal information
  • Data gathering, network analysis, and pillaging
  • Linux
  • Important directories and files
  • Important commands
  • Putting this information to use
  • Enumeration
  • Exploitation
  • We are connected, now what?
  • Which tools are available on the remote system?
  • Finding network information
  • Determine connections
  • Checking installed packages
  • Package repositories
  • Programs and services that run at startup
  • Searching for information
  • History files and logs
  • Configurations, settings, and other files
  • Users and credentials
  • Moving the files
  • Microsoft WindowsT post-exploitation
  • Important directories and files
  • Using Armitage for post-exploitation
  • Enumeration
  • Exploitation
  • We are connected, now what?
  • Networking details
  • Finding installed software and tools
  • Pivoting
  • Reader challenge
  • Summary
  • Chapter 10: Stealth Techniques
  • Lab preparation
  • Kali guest machine
  • Ubuntu guest machine
  • The pfSense guest machine configuration
  • The pfSense network setup
  • WAN IP configuration
  • LAN IP configuration
  • Firewall configuration
  • Stealth scanning through the firewall
  • Finding the ports
  • Traceroute to find out if there is a firewall
  • Finding out if the firewall is blocking certain ports
  • Now you see me, now you don't - avoiding IDS
  • Canonicalization
  • Timing is everything
  • Blending in
  • PfSense SSH logs
  • Looking at traffic patterns
  • Cleaning up compromised hosts
  • Using a checklist
  • When to clean up
  • Local log files
  • Miscellaneous evasion techniques
  • Divide and conquer
  • Hiding out (on controlled units)
  • File Integrity Monitoring (FIM)
  • Using common network management tools to do the deed
  • Reader challenge
  • Summary
  • Chapter 11: Data Gathering and Reporting
  • Record now - sort later
  • Old school - the text editor method
  • Nano
  • VIM -the power user's text editor of choice
  • Gedit - Gnome text editor
  • Dradis framework for collaboration
  • Binding to an available interface other than 127.0.0.1
  • The report
  • Reader challenge
  • Summary
  • Chapter 12: Penetration Testing Challenge
  • Firewall lab setup
  • Installing additional packages in pfSense
  • The scenario
  • The virtual lab setup
  • AspenMLC Research Labs' virtual network
  • Additional system modifications
  • Ubuntu 8.10 server modifications
  • The challenge
  • The walkthrough
  • Defining the scope
  • Determining the "why
  • So what is the "why" of this particular test?
  • Developing the Rules of Engagement document
  • Initial plan of attack
  • Enumeration and exploitation
  • Reporting
  • Summary
  • Index

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