The Last Muslim Conquest

The Ottoman Empire and Its Wars in Europe
Princeton University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 10. Juni 2021
  • |
  • 688 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-691-20538-0 (ISBN)

A monumental work of history that reveals the Ottoman dynasty's important role in the emergence of early modern Europe

The Ottomans have long been viewed as despots who conquered through sheer military might, and whose dynasty was peripheral to those of Europe. The Last Muslim Conquest transforms our understanding of the Ottoman Empire, showing how Ottoman statecraft was far more pragmatic and sophisticated than previously acknowledged, and how the Ottoman dynasty was a crucial player in the power struggles of early modern Europe.

In this panoramic and multifaceted book, Gábor Ágoston captures the grand sweep of Ottoman history, from the dynasty's stunning rise to power at the turn of the fourteenth century to the Siege of Vienna in 1683, which brought an end to Ottoman incursions into central Europe. He discusses how the Ottoman wars of conquest gave rise to the imperial rivalry with the Habsburgs, and brings vividly to life the intrigues of sultans, kings, popes, and spies. Ágoston examines the subtler methods of Ottoman conquest, such as dynastic marriages and the incorporation of conquered peoples into the Ottoman administration, and argues that while the Ottoman Empire was shaped by Turkish, Iranian, and Islamic influences, it was also an integral part of Europe and was, in many ways, a European empire.

Rich in narrative detail, The Last Muslim Conquest looks at Ottoman military capabilities, frontier management, law, diplomacy, and intelligence, offering new perspectives on the gradual shift in power between the Ottomans and their European rivals and reframing the old story of Ottoman decline.

  • Englisch
  • Princeton
  • |
  • USA
De Gruyter
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Digitale Ausgabe
  • Reflowable
  • 19 b/w illus. 11 maps.
  • |
  • 19 b/w illus. 11 maps.
978-0-691-20538-0 (9780691205380)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Gábor Ágoston is associate professor of history at Georgetown University. His many books include Guns for the Sultan: Military Power and the Weapons Industry in the Ottoman Empire and Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. He lives in Alexandria, Virginia.
  • Cover
  • Contents
  • Note on Conventions
  • Prologue
  • Part I. Emergence
  • 1. The Early Ottomans
  • Turks and the Byzantine World
  • Holy Warriors and Marcher Lords
  • Historical Contingency and Accidents
  • Material Rewards and Religious Legitimation
  • Balkan Geopolitics
  • The Crusade of Nikopol
  • 2. Defeat and Recovery
  • Timur and the Defeat at Ankara
  • Pillars of Power: Timars and Sancaks
  • Pillars of Power: The Child Levy and the Standing Army
  • Strategies of Conquest
  • Halting the Ottoman Advance: King Sigismund's Buffer States
  • Danubian Border Defense
  • The Habsburg-Jagiellonian Rivalry
  • Europe's Last Offensive Crusade: Varna 1444
  • Bows, Firearms, and Military Acculturation
  • 3. Constantinople
  • The Conquest of Constantinople
  • Claiming Universal Sovereignty
  • A New Imperial Capital
  • A New Cadre of Viziers
  • Controlling the Military
  • A New Palace and the Imperial Council
  • Ottoman Constantinople and Europe
  • 4. Conquests
  • Belgrade 1456: European Crusade-Ottoman Defeat
  • Manipulating Internal Strife: From the Morea to the Crimea
  • Ottoman Threat and Dynastic Rivalry in Central Europe
  • Challenge from the East: Akkoyunlus and Safavids
  • The Conquest of the Mamluk Sultanate
  • Missed Opportunity: The Indian Ocean
  • European Reactions and Ottoman Naval Preparations
  • Changing Balance of Power along the Danube
  • Part II. Cash of Empires
  • 5. Süleyman in Hungary
  • Süleyman and the Collapse of the Danubian Defense
  • Mohács: 1526
  • The "Greatest Victory"?
  • Contested Accessions
  • Damage Control
  • 6. Imperial Rivalries
  • Ottoman-Habsburg Rivalry
  • Quest for Universal Kingship
  • Realpolitik and the Partition of Hungary
  • Ottoman-Safavid Struggle for Supremacy
  • Trouble in Transylvania
  • Death at Szigetvár
  • 7. Overreach
  • The Red Sea and the Indian Ocean
  • Muscovy and the Ottomans
  • Cyprus and the Battle of Lepanto
  • After Lepanto
  • Small Wars: The Bosnian-Croatian Frontier
  • The Long War in Hungary
  • Defeat and Consolidation: The Safavid Frontier
  • Part III. Sinews of Empire
  • 8. Resources and Military Power
  • Mapping Empires, Frontiers, and Resources
  • The Ottoman Army
  • Ottoman Naval Power
  • The Gunpowder Revolution and the Ottomans
  • Habsburg Military Commitments and Border Defense
  • 9. Military Transformations
  • Habsburg Military Transformation
  • Habsburg War Finance and the Estates
  • Ottoman Army Growth
  • The Metamorphosis of the Janissaries
  • Provincial Forces and the Rise of the Kapu Halki
  • Ottoman War Finance
  • 10. Lawfare and Diplomacy
  • Competing Titles and Claims of Sovereignty
  • Instruments of Ottoman Lawfare: Truces and Peace Treaties
  • From Short-Term Truce to Perpetual Peace
  • Ad Hoc Embassies and Resident Ambassadors
  • Language and Diplomacy
  • 11. Embassies, Dragomans, and Intelligence
  • European Embassies as Centers of Espionage in Constantinople
  • Embassy Dragomans and Intelligence
  • The Porte's Dragomans and Intelligence
  • Agents of Many Masters
  • Ottoman Intelligence Gathering
  • Intelligence on the Frontiers
  • Part IV. Frontiers and Wars of Exhaustion
  • 12. Borders and Border Provinces
  • Survey Books and Sovereignty
  • Border Demarcations
  • Geography and Border Defense
  • Border Provinces and Administrative Strategies
  • 13. Contested Bulwark of Islam
  • Fortifications and Garrisons
  • Guardians of the Frontier
  • The Cost of Defense
  • Condominium and the Geography of Sovereignty
  • 14. Wars of Exhaustion
  • War with Venice: Dalmatia and Crete
  • Transylvania and Its Rebel Princes
  • Disciplining Vassals and Stabilizing the Northern Frontier
  • Habsburg-Ottoman Wars
  • The Last Conquests: Candia and Kamieniec
  • The Ottoman Siege of Vienna
  • Wars against the Holy League
  • Epilogue
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chronology
  • Glossary of Terms
  • Glossary of Place-Names
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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