Clothing for Children and Teenagers

Anthropometry, Sizing and Fit
 
 
Woodhead Publishing
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 7. Juni 2016
  • |
  • 240 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-08-100254-4 (ISBN)
 

Clothing for Children and Teenagers: Anthropometry, Sizing and Fit addresses the complexities of developing size specifications for clothing aimed at seven to seventeen year olds. Children and teenagers experience rapid physical growth and alterations in body shape as they develop-changes that pose significant challenges in creating apparel sizing systems. The book begins by introducing the principles of apparel fit and sizing systems. Drawing on the author's own fieldwork, it goes on to discuss methods of conducting anthropometric surveys in children and teenagers, and techniques for analyzing the resulting data in order to produce successful sizing systems.


  • Introduces the principles of apparel fit and sizing systems, and discusses methods of conducting anthropometric surveys in children and teenagers
  • Offers systematic and comprehensive coverage of the complexities associated with clothing for children and teenagers
  • Reviews techniques in analysis and classification of children and teenagers' body shapes and sizes
  • Covers the development, designation, and validation of an apparel sizing system for children and teenagers


Dr Norsaadah Zakaria is a lecturer in the Department of Textile Technology at the Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Malaysia.
  • Englisch
  • Cambridge
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Elsevier Science
  • 4,50 MB
978-0-08-100254-4 (9780081002544)
0081002548 (0081002548)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Clothing for Children and Teenagers
  • The Textile Institute and Woodhead Publishing
  • Clothing for Children and Teenagers
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles
  • 1 - Introduction: clothing for children and teenagers
  • 1.1 Historical: manufacturing clothing for children and teenagers
  • 1.2 Introduction: manufacturing clothing for children and teenagers
  • 1.2.1 Fast fashion trending
  • 1.2.2 Size and fit
  • 1.2.3 Teenagers: a new clothing size group
  • 1.2.4 Conscious consumers
  • 1.2.5 Unique design features
  • 1.3 The social psychology of clothing for children and teenagers
  • 1.3.1 Clothes express peoples' attitudes toward themselves and their society-both what they wear and how they wear it
  • 1.3.2 Clothes can be worn to try to change an existing condition
  • 1.3.3 Clothes are selected to fulfill the desire to be attractive and fit the parts of the body for a certain appearance
  • 1.4 The rise in consumption of clothing for children and teenagers
  • 1.5 Conclusions and future trends
  • References
  • 2 - Size and fit of clothing for children and teenagers
  • 2.1 Introduction: clothing sizing and fit
  • 2.2 Physical growth of children and teenagers
  • 2.3 Factors influencing the growth of children's and teenagers' clothing sizes
  • 2.3.1 Body proportions
  • 2.4 Existing sizing systems
  • 2.5 The importance of clothing fit for children and teenagers
  • 2.6 Conclusions and future trends
  • References
  • 3 - Conducting anthropometric surveys of children and teenagers
  • 3.1 Introduction: anthropometry
  • 3.1.1 Principles in the application of anthropometric data
  • 3.2 Key issues in the body measurement process
  • 3.2.1 Step 1: fieldwork preparation
  • 3.2.1.1 Permission from school authorities
  • 3.2.1.2 Manual and computerized anthropometric measurement training
  • 3.2.2 Anthropometric planning
  • 3.2.2.1 Preliminary study
  • 3.2.2.2 Sample size
  • 3.2.2.3 Sample size determination
  • 3.3 Manual anthropometric surveys of children and teenagers
  • 3.3.1 Measurement tools
  • 3.3.2 Anthropometric manual measurement protocols
  • 3.4 Computerized anthropometric survey for children and teenagers
  • 3.4.1 Digital measurement system
  • 3.4.2 Anthropometric computerized measurement protocols
  • 3.5 Manual anthropometric analysis
  • 3.5.1 Data entry
  • 3.5.2 Data screening
  • 3.5.3 Data group
  • 3.5.3.1 Categorical data
  • 3.5.3.2 Continuous data
  • 3.6 Computerized anthropometric analysis
  • 3.7 Conclusions and recommendations
  • References
  • 4 - Children and teenagers body sizes and shapes analyses
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Body shape and size in children and teenagers
  • 4.3 Anthropometric data analysis for children
  • 4.4 Categorical data results and analysis
  • 4.4.1 Sample population according to age and gender
  • 4.4.2 Samples according to ethnic group and geographical area
  • 4.4.3 Demographic data characteristics
  • 4.5 Continuous data results and analysis for the sample population
  • 4.5.1 Descriptive data distribution for the sample population
  • 4.5.2 Frequency Data Distribution for the Sample Population
  • 4.5.3 Correlation analyses of key dimensions for the sample population
  • 4.6 Continuous data results and analysis for the sample population according to gender
  • 4.6.1 Descriptive data analysis according to different gender
  • 4.6.2 Frequency distributions of data according to different gender
  • 4.6.2.1 Frequency distributions of data for the male sample
  • 4.6.2.2 Frequency distributions of data for the female sample
  • 4.6.3 Independent samples t-test for key dimensions according to different gender
  • 4.7 Continuous data results and analysis for sample population according to gender and age
  • 4.7.1 Height distribution according to gender and age
  • 4.7.2 Weight distribution according to gender and age
  • 4.7.3 Girth body dimensions according to males and age
  • 4.7.4 Girth body dimensions according to female and age
  • 4.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • 5 - Selecting key body dimensions for the design of children's and teenagers' apparel
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 The role of key body dimensions in apparel design
  • 5.3 Analysis of key body dimensions
  • 5.3.1 Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test
  • 5.3.1.1 Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test results
  • 5.3.2 Percentile analysis
  • 5.4 Principal component analysis
  • 5.4.1 The results of component analysis
  • 5.4.1.1 Latent root analysis
  • 5.4.1.2 Scree plot analysis
  • 5.4.1.3 Percentage of accumulated variance
  • 5.4.2 The results of factor loading analysis
  • 5.4.2.1 Male samples (ages 7-12)
  • 5.4.2.2 Female samples (ages 7-12)
  • 5.4.2.3 Male samples (ages 13-17)
  • 5.4.2.4 Female samples (ages 13-17)
  • 5.4.3 Identifying key dimensions
  • 5.5 Summary
  • References
  • 6 - Clustering children and teenagers according to apparel size
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 The importance of distinct apparel sizes for children and teenagers
  • 6.3 Cluster analysis technique
  • 6.3.1 The identification of k factor clustering process
  • 6.4 The outcome of clustering in a sample population of children
  • 6.4.1 Male Sample Size (7-12years old)
  • 6.4.1.1 Clustering for upper body
  • 6.4.1.2 Clustering for lower body
  • 6.4.2 Female sample size (7-12years old)
  • 6.4.2.1 Clustering for upper body
  • 6.4.2.2 Clustering for lower body
  • 6.5 The outcome of clustering in a sample population of teenagers
  • 6.5.1 Male sample size (13-17years old)
  • 6.5.1.1 Clustering for upper body
  • 6.5.1.2 Clustering for lower body
  • 6.5.2 Female samples (13-17years old)
  • 6.5.2.1 Clustering for upper body
  • 6.5.2.2 Clustering for lower body
  • 6.6 Body characteristics in male and female groups
  • 6.7 Summary
  • 6.7.1 Cluster sampling technique for sample group ages 7-12
  • 6.7.2 Cluster sampling technique for sample group ages 13-17
  • References
  • 7 - Classifying the body shapes of children and teenagers for improved apparel fit
  • 7.1 Introduction: classification of children and teenagers
  • 7.2 Classification methodology
  • 7.3 Classification results for variations in body shapes
  • 7.3.1 Decision tree for males (ages 7-12), upper body
  • 7.3.2 Decision tree for males (ages 7-12), lower body
  • 7.3.3 Decision tree for females (ages 7-12), upper body
  • 7.3.4 Decision tree for females (ages 7-12), lower body
  • 7.3.5 Decision tree for males (ages 13-17), upper body
  • 7.3.6 Decision tree for males (ages 13-17), lower body
  • 7.3.7 Decision tree for females (ages 13-17), upper body
  • 7.3.8 Decision tree for females (ages 13-17), lower body
  • 7.4 The classification rules based on gender and age groups
  • 7.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • 8 - Developing apparel sizing systems for children and teenagers
  • 8.1 Introduction: developing sizing systems for children and teenagers
  • 8.2 The importance of body sizes and shapes in sizing system for children
  • 8.3 Sizing system development
  • 8.3.1 Key dimensions, size interval and range
  • 8.3.2 Male sizing system (7-12years old) for upper body garments
  • 8.3.3 Male sizing system (7-12years old) for lower body garments
  • 8.3.4 Female sizing system (7-12years old) for upper body garments
  • 8.3.5 Female sizing system (7-12years old) for lower body garments
  • 8.3.6 Male sizing system (13-17years old) for upper body garments
  • 8.3.7 Male sizing system (13-17years old) for lower body garments
  • 8.3.8 Female sizing system (13-17years old) for upper body garments
  • 8.3.9 Female sizing system (13-17years old) for lower body garments
  • 8.4 Problems and solutions in selecting sizes for better fit
  • 8.4.1 Male size validation (ages 7-12) for upper body garments
  • 8.4.2 Male size validation (ages 7-12) for lower body garments
  • 8.4.3 Female size validation (ages 7-12) for upper body garments
  • 8.4.4 Female size validation (ages 7-12) for lower body garments
  • 8.4.5 Male size validation (ages 13-17) for upper body garments
  • 8.4.6 Male size validation (13-17years old) for lower body garments
  • 8.4.7 Female size validation (13-17years old) for upper body garments
  • 8.4.8 Female size validation (13-17years old) for lower body garments
  • 8.5 Size validation according to gender and age
  • 8.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • 9 - Designation and validation of apparel sizes for children and teenagers
  • 9.1 Introduction: size designation and validation
  • 9.2 The importance of size designation-Mondoform labeling
  • 9.2.1 Mondoform labeling
  • 9.3 Validation of sizing designation and number of sizes
  • 9.3.1 Male size designation tables (ages 7-12)
  • 9.3.2 Female size designation tables (ages 7-12)
  • 9.3.3 Male size designation tables (ages 13-17)
  • 9.4 Female size designation tables (ages 13-17)
  • 9.5 Children sizing designation potential application to different groups of children and teenagers
  • 9.6 Conclusions
  • 9.7 Recommendations for future work
  • References
  • Index
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • Back Cover

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