In the Face of Inequality

How Black Colleges Adapt
SUNY Press
  • erschienen am 11. Juni 2015
  • |
  • 238 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-4384-5692-8 (ISBN)
First comparative historical analysis of the organizational growth of black colleges.

A quarter of black Americans earn college degrees from black colleges, yet questions about the necessity of black colleges abound. In the Face of Inequality dissects the ways in which race and racism combined to shape the experiences of America's black colleges in the mid-twentieth century. In a novel approach to this topic, Melissa E. Wooten combines historical data with a sociological approach. Drawing on extensive quantitative and qualitative historical data, Wooten argues that for much of America's history, educational and social policy was explicitly designed to limit black colleges' organizational development. As an alternative to questioning the modern day relevance of these schools, Wooten asks readers to consider how race and racism precludes black colleges from acquiring the resources and respect worthy of them.

Melissa E. Wooten is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
  • Englisch
  • Albany
  • |
  • USA
State University of New York Press
  • 1,15 MB
978-1-4384-5692-8 (9781438456928)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Intro
  • Contents
  • List of Figures and Tables
  • Figures
  • Tables
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • How Inequality Influences Black College Adaptation
  • Plan of the Book
  • Conclusion
  • 1. The Black Higher Education Field
  • Field Creation and Expansion, 1854-1895
  • Separate but Equal, 1896-1944
  • Civil Rights, 1945-1975
  • Questioning Black Colleges, 1976-1999
  • Conclusion
  • 2. Collective Action and Status Inequality
  • Status Distinctions as a Field- Level Process
  • Quantifying Foundation Preferences and Elaborating the Status System
  • Were the "Colleges" Actually Colleges?
  • Were the Colleges the Right Size?
  • Were the Colleges Financially Fit?
  • Did the Colleges Have the Right Leadership?
  • Learning from the Nonaffiliates
  • Talladega College
  • Wilberforce University
  • Meharry Medical College
  • Conclusion
  • 3. Advocacy and Racial Inequality
  • Education as Uplift
  • Black College Graduates
  • Black Colleges and the American Experience
  • Racial Inequality and Financing Black Education
  • Conclusion
  • 4. Adapting to a World without State-Sanctioned Racial Inequality
  • Institutional Logics, Desegregation, and Black Colleges
  • Conclusion
  • 5. Building Legitimacy amid Inequality
  • The Historical Relationship between Black and Traditionally White Colleges
  • The Field of Actors
  • Students and Labor Markets
  • Foundations
  • The Southern States
  • Earned Degrees at Black and Traditionally White Colleges in the Last Decades of the Twentieth Century
  • Conclusion
  • 6. The Story of Organizational Adaptation
  • Black Colleges: One of Many Stigmatized Organizational Actors
  • Appendix 1: Population of Black Colleges and Universities
  • Appendix 2: UNCF Membership and Organizational Meetings
  • Organizational Data
  • Analyses
  • Appendix 3: Frame Analyses
  • Appendix 4: Earned Degree Data
  • Statistical Technique
  • Notes
  • References
  • Archival Sources
  • Machine- Readable Files
  • Index

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