Radiology and Follow-up of Urologic Surgery

Wiley-Blackwell (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 30. August 2017
  • |
  • 240 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-16210-0 (ISBN)
The first guide to identifying and assessing changes following urologic surgery--with follow-up protocols
What is the normal appearance of a kidney after radio frequency ablation of a tumor and what does a local recurrence look like? How does the urine flow down the ureters after a trans-uretero-ureterostomy? What is the normal appearance of the urinary tract after a cystoplasty? Most clinicians would be hard-pressed to provide answers to such fundamental questions concerning post-surgical anatomy and physiology, and equally challenged to find evidence-based information on the subject.
Most of the literature in radiology and urologic surgery is orientated towards diagnosis and disease management. Although this often includes complications and outcomes, the clinician is often in the dark as to the anatomical and physiological changes that follow successful treatment--especially in cases involving conservative or reconstructive surgery. To rectify this, the editors invited colleagues to share insights gleaned during their careers. The results are contained in Radiology and Follow-up of Urologic Surgery.
Extremely well-illustrated throughout with color photographs and line drawings, Radiology and Follow-up of Urologic Surgery:
* Features sections devoted to each of the organs of the genito-urinary tract with chapters covering the major diseases and operations that are used to treat them
* Focuses on the "new normal" following surgery with an emphasis on the identification of normal changes versus complications
* Covers the radiologic changes and biochemical and histological findings which are found following reconstructions
* Offers guidelines for clinical and radiological follow up after urological surgery in some key areas
Radiology and Follow-up of Urologic Surgery is essential reading for surgical residents in urology, as well as radiology residents specializing in urology. It also belongs on the reference shelves of urologists, urological surgeons, obstetric/gynecologic surgeons, and radiologists with an interest in the field, at whatever stage in their career.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Newark
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons
  • 25,26 MB
978-1-119-16210-0 (9781119162100)
1119162106 (1119162106)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Christopher Woodhouse, MB, FRCS, FEBU, is an Emeritus Professor of Adolescent Urology at University College London and previously a consultant at the Royal Marsden Hospital. He trained under Sir David Innes Williams at the Institute of Urology and was made Professor of Adolescent Urology at UCL in 2006. He is widely considered as one of the world's leading experts in reconstructive urology and in particular, adolescent urology and congenital urological anomalies.
Alex Kirkham, MB BCh, FRCS, FRCR, MD, is a consultant uro-radiologist at University College London Hospitals, London, UK.
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Contents
  • List of Contributors
  • Acknowledgements
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1 Subtotal Nephrectomy and Tumour Ablation
  • Introduction
  • Procedures
  • Partial Nephrectomy
  • Early Imaging
  • Late Imaging
  • Ablative Therapies
  • Complications
  • Successful Tumour Ablation
  • Treatment Failure
  • Surveillance
  • Follow-up Imaging
  • Partial Nephrectomy
  • Ablative Therapies
  • Surveillance
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Renal Transplantation
  • Introduction
  • The Role of Ultrasound Imaging
  • Vascular Complications
  • Transplant Renal Artery Stenosis
  • Transplant Renal Vein Thrombosis
  • Transplant Renal Artery Thrombosis
  • Arteriovenous Fistula
  • Follow-up
  • Urological Complications
  • Ureteric Complications
  • Anastomotic Urinary Leak or Urinoma
  • Missed Duplex Transplant Ureter
  • Ureteric Stenosis
  • Transplant Ureteric Reflux
  • Bladder Complications
  • Urinary Fistulae
  • General Complications
  • Lymphocoeles
  • Renal Transplant Stone Disease
  • Renal Transplant Trauma
  • Oncological Complications
  • Transplant Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Transplant Ureteric Transitional Cell Carcinoma
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Imaging After Endo-urological Stone Treatment
  • Introduction
  • The Procedures
  • Conservative Management
  • Ureteric Stones: Results and Complications
  • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
  • Ureteroscopy
  • Renal Stones: Results and Complications
  • Flexible Ureterorenoscopy
  • Percutaneous Surgery
  • Complications and Follow-up
  • Residual Fragments After ESWL, URS, FURS and PCNL
  • Radiation Exposure for Patients with Stones
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Pelvi-ureteric Junction Reconstruction
  • Introduction
  • Antenatal Hydronephrosis
  • Pathophysiological Effect of True Pelvi-ureteric Obstruction
  • Physiological and Anatomical Changes in the Kidney Following Pyeloplasty
  • Incidental PUJO in adults
  • Long-term Follow-up
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Retroperitoneal Fibrosis
  • Introduction
  • Available Treatments
  • Medical Therapy
  • Surgical Treatment
  • Follow-up
  • Imaging
  • Stent Removal
  • Complications
  • Stent-related Complications
  • Hydrocoeles
  • Long-term Follow-up
  • Recurrent Disease
  • References
  • Chapter 6 Urinary Diversion
  • Introduction
  • The Procedures
  • Clinical Follow-up of Ileal Conduits
  • Postoperative Imaging
  • The 'Loopogram'
  • Ultrasound
  • Nephrostomy and Antegrade Imaging
  • Monitoring of Asymptomatic Patients
  • Management of Bacteriuria and Sepsis
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Ureteric Reconstruction and Replacement
  • Introduction
  • Procedures
  • Stents and Nephrostomies
  • Uretero-pyelostomy
  • Uretero-calycostomy
  • Trans-uretero-ureterostomy
  • Ureteric Re-implantation
  • Autotransplantation
  • Intestine
  • Complex Lower Urinary Tract Reconstruction
  • Other Materials and Experimental Techniques
  • Clinical Follow-up and Complications
  • Stents and Nephrostomies
  • Reconstruction with Urothelium
  • Autotransplantation
  • Intestine
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Conservative and Reconstructive Bladder Surgery
  • Introduction
  • Extravasation
  • Bladder Perforation
  • Reconstruction Following Ureteric Injury and Partial Cystectomy
  • The Irradiated Bladder
  • Complications After Posterior Exenteration
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Bladder Augmentation in Children
  • Introduction
  • The Procedures
  • Augmentation with Ileum or Colon
  • Gastrocystoplasty
  • Seromuscular Cystoplasty
  • Auto-augmentation
  • Uretero-cystoplasty
  • Clinical Follow-up
  • Postoperative Imaging
  • Complications of Enterocystoplasty
  • Metabolic and Electrolyte Disorders (see also Chapter 11)
  • Stones
  • Perforation
  • Neoplastic Progression
  • Unique Complications of Gastrocystoplasty
  • Hypochloraemic Metabolic Alkalosis
  • Hypergastrinaemia
  • Haematuria-Dysuria Syndrome
  • Changes Over Time
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Radiology and Follow-up of the Neobladder
  • Introduction
  • The Procedure
  • Radical Cystectomy in Females (Figure 10.1)
  • Radical Cystectomy in Males (Figure 10.2)
  • The Neobladder
  • Postoperative Imaging
  • Clinical Follow-up
  • Clinical Examination
  • Bladder and Urine Investigations
  • Renal Investigations
  • Oncologic Follow-up Specific to the Neobladder
  • Local Recurrence
  • Secondary Tumour Growth in Urinary Diversions for Benign Disease (see also Chapter 11)
  • Complications
  • Complications up to 90 Days
  • Long-term Complications
  • Changes Over Time
  • Reservoir Control
  • Incontinence
  • Voiding Failure (Hypercontinence)
  • Metabolic Changes (see also Chapter 11)
  • References
  • Chapter 11 General Consequences of Lower Urinary Tract Replacement and Reconstruction
  • Introduction
  • Reservoirs
  • The Stomach
  • Ileum
  • Gastrointestinal Consequences
  • Storage Consequences
  • Colon
  • Gastrointestinal Consequences
  • Storage Consequences
  • Rectum
  • Continence (Mainz II)
  • Anastomotic Cancer
  • Urodynamic Findings
  • Stones
  • Renal Function
  • Perforation
  • Histological Changes
  • Infection
  • Neoplasia
  • Urine Testing for Pregnancy
  • The Conduit and Continence
  • References
  • Chapter 12 Surgery on the Benign Prostate
  • Introduction
  • Procedures
  • Outcomes and Complications
  • Postoperative Failure to Void
  • Continued Failure to Void or Unsatisfactory Voiding
  • Sexual Function
  • Incontinence
  • Stricture
  • Unexpected Malignancy
  • Changes Over Time
  • References
  • Chapter 13 Imaging After Treatment of Prostate Cancer
  • Introduction
  • Appearances After Radical Prostatectomy
  • Residual Tumour After Radical Prostatectomy
  • The Prostate After Ablative Therapies
  • Early Appearances
  • Early Complications
  • Appearances at 2-5 Months
  • Appearances at 6 Months: Assessing Residual and Recurrent Tumour
  • Nuclear Medicine Studies
  • A Schedule for Follow-up
  • References
  • Chapter 14 Urethroplasty
  • Introduction
  • Pericatheter Urethrogram
  • Ascending and Descending Urethrography
  • Radiological Appearance After Different Types of Urethroplasty
  • Traumatic Strictures
  • Idiopathic Bulbar Strictures
  • Penile Urethroplasty
  • Use of Ultrasound in Urethroplasty Follow-up
  • Follow-up After Urethroplasty
  • Radiological Appearance and Surgical Management of Recurrent Strictures After Urethroplasty
  • References
  • Chapter 15 The Postoperative Appearance and Follow-up of Urinary Tract Prostheses
  • Introduction
  • Penile Prostheses
  • Normal Appearance and Imaging Techniques
  • Problems of Positioning and Length
  • Artificial Urinary Sphincters
  • Disorders of Function and Position
  • Infection in Implanted Devices
  • Metallic Stents
  • References
  • Index
  • EULA

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