The Wiley Handbook of Positive Clinical Psychology

An Integrative Approach to Studying and Improving Well-Being
Wiley-Blackwell (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 21. April 2016
  • |
  • 512 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-118-46822-7 (ISBN)
Edited by the founder of the field, this is the first handbook on positive clinical psychology--a revolutionary approach that places equal importance on both the positive and negative aspects of mental health and well-being.
* The first handbook on positive clinical psychology, a revolutionary approach that places equal importance on the positive and negative aspects of mental health and well-being
* Brings together new work from authorities in positive psychology and clinical psychology to offer an integrated examination of well-being as it relates to personality, psychopathology, psychological treatments, and more
* Discusses theory, research, and practice across a broad range of topics such as optimism, positive affect, well-being therapy, childhood well-being, evolutionary perspectives, and clinical implementation
* Contains essential information for researchers, instructors and practitioners in clinical psychology, positive psychology, mental health, and well-being in general
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • New York
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons
  • 3,67 MB
978-1-118-46822-7 (9781118468227)
1118468228 (1118468228)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Intro
  • Title Page
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Contributors
  • Part I: Developing a Positive Clinical Psychology
  • 1 Positive Clinical Psychology
  • The Historical Development of Positive Clinical Psychology
  • Why Do We Need a Positive Clinical Psychology?
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 2 Toward a More Positive Clinical Psychology
  • The Illness Ideology and Clinical Psychology
  • Historical Roots of the Illness Ideology in Clinical Psychology
  • The Illness Ideology and the DSM
  • The Social Construction of Conceptions of Psychological Wellness and Illness
  • The Illness Ideology and the Categories versus Dimensions Debate
  • Social Constructionism and the Role of Science in Clinical Psychology
  • Beyond the Illness Ideology: Toward a More Positive Clinical Psychology
  • References
  • 3 Why Clinical Psychology Should Not Go "Positive" - and/or "Negative"
  • The Conceptual Quagmire of the Positive/Negative Distinction
  • "Positive" versus "Negative" Interventions
  • The Broaden-and-Build Theory of Positive Emotions
  • Practice and Nomothetic versus Idiographic Principles
  • When "Negative" Interventions are Constructive/"Positive": The Case of Defensive Pessimism
  • A More "Integrative" Research Program
  • Agency and Psychological Interventions
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 4 A Practical Guide to Positive Functioning Assessment in Clinical Psychology
  • The Place of Meta-Theory
  • Three Forms of Measurement
  • Professional Issues
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Part II: Personality and Individual Differences
  • 5 Positive Mood Dysfunction in Psychopathology
  • Introduction
  • Depression
  • Social Anxiety/Social Phobia
  • Schizophrenia/Schizotypy
  • Mania
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 6 Resilience
  • Introduction
  • Origins
  • The Bi-Dimensional Framework for Resilience
  • Resilience and Positive Clinical Psychology
  • Resilience in Clinical Practice
  • Where Next? The Bi-Dimensional Framework for Studying Team Resilience
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 7 Self-Efficacy
  • What is Self-Efficacy?
  • Are Self-Efficacy Beliefs Causes of Behavior?
  • Where do Self-Efficacy Beliefs come From?
  • Why is Self-Efficacy Important to Positive Clinical Psychology?
  • Summary
  • References
  • 8 Empathy
  • Defining Empathy in a Costs and Benefits Models
  • "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly"©
  • Related Constructs
  • Future Directions
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 9 Nostalgia
  • The Ambivalence of Nostalgia
  • The Psychological Health Benefits of Nostalgia
  • Does Ambivalence Account (Partially) for the Psychological Health Benefits of Nostalgia?
  • Coda
  • References
  • 10 A Dark Side of Gratitude? Distinguishing between Beneficial Gratitude and its Harmful Impostors for the Positive Clinical Psychology of Gratitude and Well-Being
  • The Beneficial Consequences of Gratitude
  • Toward a Balanced View of Gratitude: Philosophical Considerations
  • Harmful Gratitude
  • Bringing Together the Positive and Negative Sides of Gratitude
  • References
  • 11 Using Eudaimonic Well-being to Improve Lives
  • Introduction
  • Distant Philosophical Foundations of Eudaimonia
  • Contemporary Psychological Perspectives on Eudaimonia
  • Eudaimonia and Physical Health
  • Eudaimonia and Mental Health
  • Clinical and Educational Interventions for Promoting Eudaimonia
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • References
  • 12 Positive Clinical Gerontology
  • Biographies are not Written in Black and White
  • The Ambivalence Of Aging
  • Dilemmas of Dialectics
  • Predicting Positive Aging
  • Simple Strategies are not Sufficient
  • Concluding Complexities, and Contradictions
  • References
  • Part III: Disorders
  • 13 Improving the Capacity to Treat Depression using Talking Therapies
  • A Working Definition of Anhedonia
  • The Centrality of Anhedonia to Depression
  • The Prognostic Importance of Anhedonia
  • Can Positive Interventions Bolster Well-being and Reduce Depression?
  • The Pitfalls of Positive Psychology Approaches in Depression: The "Pollyanna Problem"
  • An Agenda for Positive Clinical Psychology Approaches to Depression
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 14 Don't Worry, Be Happy
  • Don't Worry, Be Happy: A Positive Clinical Psychology for Anxiety Disorders
  • How Positive Activities might Counteract Dysfunctional Mechanisms in Anxiety Disorders
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • References
  • 15 A Growth Perspective on Post-traumatic Stress
  • A Growth Perspective on Post-traumatic Stress
  • The Development of PTG
  • PTG and PTSD
  • PTG as Buffer
  • PTG as Secondary Outcome of Trauma-focused Treatment
  • Reminders and Recommendations
  • References
  • 16 "A Positive Mood Cannot be too Positive"
  • Introduction
  • The Myth of Icarus
  • Two Contrasting Models of Vulnerability to Bipolar Disorder
  • Is the Hypomanic Endophenotype Reliably Associated with Bipolar Disorder?
  • What Makes Hypomanic Experiences a Problem?
  • Positive and Negative Psychology Interventions in TEAMS
  • References
  • 17 Positive Clinical Psychology and the Promotion of Happiness, Compassion, and Autonomy in People with Psychosis
  • The Effectiveness of Existing Treatments for Psychosis
  • Psychological Models of Psychosis
  • Positive Clinical Psychology and Psychosis
  • Summary and some Methodological Recommendations
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 18 An Integrative Model of Personality Strengths and Weaknesses
  • An Integrative Model of Personality Strengths and Weaknesses
  • Adaptive and Maladaptive Traits
  • Psychiatric Conceptions of Personality Disorder
  • The Five-Factor Model of Personality Disorder
  • An Integrative Assessment of Adaptive and Maladaptive Traits
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 19 Resilience and Protective Factors in Childhood and Adolescence
  • The Resilience Framework within Childhood and Adolescence
  • Why does Resilience in Childhood and Adolescence Matter?
  • Form and Character of Protective Factors
  • Resilience in Clinical Practice
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 20 Suicidal Behavior
  • Suicidal Behavior
  • Future-directed Thinking (Prospection)
  • Prospection and Suicidality
  • Intervention
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Part IV: Positive Psychology Interventions in Clinical Practice
  • 21 Positive Psychological Interventions
  • Can Happiness be Lastingly Changed?
  • How can Happiness be Increased?
  • Methods of Disseminating PPIs
  • PPIs in Clinical Practice
  • Concerns and Limitations
  • Closing Remarks
  • References
  • 22 Positive Psychotherapy
  • Introduction
  • Assumptions
  • PPT: From Theory to Application
  • Empirical Evidence, Caveats, and Future Directions
  • References
  • 23 Positive Activity Interventions for Mental Health Conditions
  • Need for Novel Approaches
  • Why Use Positive Activity Interventions to Alleviate Depression?
  • Positive Activity Interventions For Nondepressed Individuals
  • Positive Activity Interventions for Depressed Individuals
  • How Positive Activities Can Alleviate Clinical Symptoms
  • How Positive Activities Can Protect Against Clinical Conditions
  • Future Directions
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • References
  • 24 Interventions to Promote Forgiveness are Exemplars of Positive Clinical Psychology
  • Interventions to Promote Forgiveness are Exemplars of Positive Clinical Psychology
  • Understanding Basic and Applied Investigations of Forgiveness
  • Major Forgiveness Interventions
  • Evidence Supporting Forgiveness Interventions
  • Forgiveness Intervention for Clinical and General Populations
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 25 Mindfulness in Positive Clinical Psychology
  • Defining Mindfulness
  • Cultivating Mindfulness
  • Clinical Applications
  • Mechanisms of Mindfulness
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 26 Well-being Therapy
  • Introduction
  • The Structure of Well-Being Therapy
  • Clinical Articulation
  • Validation Studies
  • Are Psychotherapy-Induced Modifications in Well-being Enduring?
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 27 Quality of Life Therapy
  • Introduction
  • Theory and Therapy
  • Illustrative Clinical Case: Case of B or "Black Sheep"
  • Future Research and Applications
  • References
  • Appendix: Positive Psychology Practices Questionnaire (P3Q)
  • Part V: Reinterpreting Existing Therapies
  • 28 Person-Centered Psychology
  • Personality, Health, and Distress: A Single Organismic Conceptual Framework for the Spectrum of Psychological Functioning
  • Congruence and Positive Functioning
  • Nature and Conditions for Therapeutic Change
  • Person-centered Therapy and Contemporary Positive Clinical Psychology Themes
  • Research Evidence
  • Person-centered Therapy in the Twenty-first Century
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 29 Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
  • Waves of Behavior Therapy
  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
  • Acceptance
  • Psychological Flexibility and Positive Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Utility of ACT
  • Benefits of Promoting Psychological Flexibility through ACT
  • Concluding Remarks
  • References
  • 30 Schema Therapy
  • Introduction
  • Schema Therapy
  • Stage One: Schema Therapy Developed in Response to Difficult to Treat Clients/Patients
  • Stage Two: Randomized Clinical Trials and Schema Mode Model Development
  • Stage Three: Group Schema Therapy
  • Treatment and Techniques
  • Efficacy and Effectiveness Studies
  • Emerging Areas
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Index
  • End User License Agreement

List of Contributors

Elizabeth L. Addington is completing her doctoral training in the Health Psychology Ph.D. Program, Clinical Concentration, at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte, and at VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven campus. Her clinical and research interests involve psycho-oncology, positive psychology, and responses to trauma or other major stressors, including post-traumatic growth.

Sara B. Algoe is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. She received her Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Virginia, and completed a postdoctoral fellowship in Health Psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles, and another at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, in psychophysiology. Algoe's expertise spans emotions, interpersonal relationships, and health psychology. Specifically, her research focuses on understanding the basic emotional and interpersonal mechanisms through which people capitalize on opportunities from the social environment; she uses this information to guide predictions about how and why these moments can have cumulative impact on intrapersonal and interpersonal functioning.

Arnoud Arntz, Ph.D., is a Professor of Clinical Psychology at the University of Amsterdam. He is also active as a clinician, mainly in the area of personality disorders. His research focuses on psychological processes in and treatment of PTSD, depression, and personality disorders. More specifically, he contributed to the development and tests of schema therapy as a treatment for a range of personality disorders and chronic depression. As part of this, he also studies the effects of psychological treatment on happiness, quality of life, social and societal functioning. He has co-authored books on schema therapy, including Schema Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder (with van Genderen, Wiley, 2009); Schema Therapy in Practice (with Jacob, Wiley, 2012), and was senior author of the main publications on the (cost)-effectiveness of Schema Therapy, published in the Archives of General Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry, American Journal of Psychiatry, and Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Lawrence G. Calhoun lived during his formative years in Brazil, moved to the United States to attend college, and has remained there since. A licensed psychologist, he has maintained a part-time clinical practice for many years. Together with Richard Tedeschi he is one of the pioneers in the research and theory on post-traumatic growth. He is co-editor or co-author of nine books, including Posttraumatic Growth in Clinical Practice. He is a recipient of the Bank of America Award for Teaching Excellence, the University of North Carolina Board of Governor's Award for Teaching Excellence, and of the First Citizens Bank Scholar's Medal (with Richard Tedeschi). Although he is no longer engaged in classroom teaching, he continues his research work and he continues to mentor doctoral students at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte.

Adam Davidson is currently completing his MSc. in Positive Psychology at the University of East London. He holds a MSc in Physics from the University of Bristol and works as a researcher for Happiness Works, making workplaces great. Adam was the lead researcher for Dr. Sir Anthony Seldon's "Beyond Happiness," and he is currently working with Olympic athletes to investigate the topic of passion. His passion is for martial arts and it was his role as a teacher and coach that lead him to study positive psychology.

Barnaby D. Dunn is a research and clinical psychologist, currently employed as an Associate Professor at the University of Exeter Mood Disorders Centre ( He leads a research program developing new ways to treat reduced positive mood and lowered well-being in clinical depression. He co-directs the AccEPT clinic at the Mood Disorders Centre, where he treats individuals suffering from depression with cognitive-behavioral therapy or novel treatment approaches.

Robert A. Emmons, Ph.D., is the world's leading scientific expert on gratitude. He is a professor of psychology at the University of California, Davis, and the founding editor-in-chief of the Journal of Positive Psychology. He is also the author of the books Gratitude Works!: A 21-Day Program for Creating Emotional Prosperity and Thanks! How the New Science of Gratitude Can Make You Happier.

Giovanni A. Fava is currently Professor of Clinical Psychology at the University of Bologna and Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the State University of New York at Buffalo. He holds a medical degree from the University of Padova, 1977, with electives at McMaster University, Rochester, NY (Engel) and Dartmouth (Lipowski). In Padova, he also completed his residency training in psychiatry in 1981. After working for several years in the United States (Albuquerque and Buffalo, NY), he returned to Italy in 1988, where he established an Affective Disorders Program in the Department of Psychology of the University of Bologna. He is editor-in-chief of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.

Timothy K. Feeney is a fourth-year graduate student in the Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program at the University of Nevada. He holds a bachelor's degree in psychology from San José State University. His previous work focused on the development of a functional assessment device oriented toward body image disturbance. His current research pertains to assessment procedures for interpersonal functioning and mechanisms of change in acceptance and commitment therapy and functional analytic psychotherapy.

Eamonn Ferguson is Professor of Health Psychology at Nottingham University. He is a chartered health and occupational psychologist, a Fellow of the Royal Society for Public Health, an Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society, and co-founding president of the British Society for the Psychology of Individual Differences ( He was recently made a "Distinguished International Affiliate" of the division of Health Psychology of the American Psychological Association. His current theoretical work focuses on the integration of theory and models from psychology, in particular personality theory, with behavioral economics, to address questions focusing on (1) the overlap of personality and pro-social preferences, (2) the understanding of blood and organ donor behavior, and (3) subjective wellbeing and emotion processing. He has published 150 peer reviewed journal articles to date (including in the BMJ, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Health Psychology, BMC Medicine, Psychosomatic Medicine) with his work funded by the HSE, ESRC, and DEFRA, amongst others.

Michael B. Frisch, Ph.D., studies and practices positive psychology and clinical psychology in the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience at Baylor University where he is a full professor of psychology. He is the author of Pearson Assessments' well-being test, the Quality of Life Inventory or QOLI, and the books, Quality of Life Therapy, and Creating Your Best Life (with Caroline Adams Miller). Dr. Frisch is a Research Fellow in the International Society for Quality of Life Studies. He is a Founding Fellow in Aaron T. Beck's Academy of Cognitive Therapy. He is also a past Director of Clinical Training in Baylor's APA-approved doctoral program in clinical psychology, and he is the youngest member in history to serve on the National Board of Governors of the American Red Cross.

Jeffrey J. Froh, Psy.D., is an Associate Professor of Psychology at Hofstra University and associate editor of the Journal of Positive Psychology. His research focuses on the assessment, development, and enhancement of gratitude in youth, as well as positive education. He is co-editor of Activities for Teaching Positive Psychology: A Guide for Instructors, published by the American Psychological Association, and co-author of Making Grateful Kids: The Science of Building Character.

Chelsea L. Greer, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at Spring Hill College. She earned her Ph.D. from Virginia Commonwealth University and completed her clinical internship at Thomas E. Cook Counseling Center at Virginia Tech University. She studies forgiveness of offenders within religious communities and self-directed forgiveness interventions.

Brandon J. Griffin, M.S., is a doctoral student in the APA-accredited Counseling Psychology program at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU). He specializes in developing and evaluating positive psychological interventions for administration to individuals, groups, and communities. His current interests include conducting basic and applied research on people's experiences of self-forgiveness in the aftermath of perpetrating interpersonal wrongdoing.

Carley Hauck is the founder of Intuitive Wellness and works as an integrative life coach, instructor, writer, and consultant in research and with worksite organizations, such as LinkedIn and Pixar. Carley holds a Master's Degree in health psychology and specializes in creating curriculum, training programs, and teaching on the intersection of mindfulness and well-being at home, at work, and in our relationships. She has been a...

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