Birth Control Battles

How Race and Class Divided American Religion
 
 
University of California Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 17. Dezember 2019
  • |
  • 304 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-520-97268-1 (ISBN)
 
Conservative and progressive religious groups fiercely disagree about issues of sex and gender. But how did we get here? Sociologist Melissa J. Wilde shows us how today's modern divisions began in the 1930s in the earliest public battles over birth control and not for the reasons we might expect today. By examining thirty of America's most prominent religious groups-including Mormons, Methodists, Southern Baptists, Seventh Day Adventists, Quakers, Jews, and more-Wilde contends that fights over birth control were never about sex, women's rights, or privacy but were actually about race, class, and white supremacist concerns about undesirable fertility.

Using census and archival data and more than 10,000 articles, statements, and sermons from religious and secular periodicals, Wilde chronicles the religious community's division on contraception. She takes us from the 1930s, when support for the eugenics movement saw birth control as an act of duty for less desirable groups, to the 1960s, when religious identities had crystalized to such an extent that most congregants had forgotten the roots of their stance on birth control. Charting the twists and turns of how reproductive politics were tied to complex views of race, immigration, and manifest destiny, Birth Control Battles shows the enduring importance of race and class for American religion as it rewrites our understandings of what it has meant to be progressive or conservative in America.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Berkeley
  • |
  • USA
  • 12,30 MB
978-0-520-97268-1 (9780520972681)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Melissa J. Wilde is a sociologist at the University of Pennsylvania. Her first book, Vatican II, won the Distinguished Book Award from the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion. Although most of Wilde's research has focused on religious change, her most recent research-which she describes as the study of "complex religion"-focuses on what has not changed within American religion, in particular, the enduring ways that it intersects with race, class, and gender today.
  • Cover
  • Birth Control Battles
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • List of Illustrations and Tables
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • PART I FROM ABOLITION TO EUGENICS
  • 1. American Religious Activism in the Twentieth Century
  • 2. Mobilizing America's Religious Elite in the Service of Eugenics
  • PART II LIBERALIZATION, 1929-1931
  • 3. The Early Liberalizers: "The Church Has a Responsibility for the Improvement of the Human Stock"
  • 4. The Supporters: "God Needed the White Anglo-Saxon Race"
  • 5. The Critics: "Atlanta Does Not Believe in Race Suicide"
  • 6. The Silent Groups: "Let the Christian Get Away from Heredity"
  • PART III FROM LEGALITY TO THE PILL, 1935-1965
  • 7. The Religious Promoters of Contraception: Remaining Focused on Other People's Fertility
  • 8. The Forgotten Half: America's Reluctant Contraceptive Converts
  • Conclusion: A Century Later
  • Notes
  • References
  • Index

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