This popular classic, Baillière's Nurses' Dictionary, is now in its 26th edition, and fully updated to ensure it retains its usefulness to nurses and health care workers. New entries reflect the constantly changing world of health care services. Containing a wealth of useful information in a convenient pocket-sized format, this is an essential resource for everyone involved in nursing and health care.
3 First Aid
4 Medicines and their Control
5 The Legal and Professional Framework of Nursing
6 Standards of Conduct, Performance and Ethics
Section 1: Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC)
Section 2: Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC)
7 Common Abbreviations
8 Common Prefixes, Suffixes and Roots
9 Units of Measurement and Tables of Normal Values
10 Immunization and Vaccinations
11 Occupational Health and Safety
12 Prevention and Control of Infection
13 Practice Development
14 Clinical Supervision
- Convenient, portable size
- Useful appendices
- Audio pronunciation guide - so that you can hear the correct pronunciation of the terms used
- Spellchecker - for downloading, so that your documents include correct medical spelling
- Word of the Day - helps you learn new terms
- Useful weblinks -point the reader to useful contacts and resources.
- Expanded appendices
- Online pronunciation guide
- Improved word search
Ba symbol for barium.
Babinski's reflex or sign J.F.F. Babinski, French neurologist, 1857–1932. On stroking the sole of the foot, the great toe bends upwards instead of downwards (dorsal instead of plantar flexion). Present in disease or injury to the upper motor neurone. Babies who have not walked react in the same way, but normal flexion develops later.
baby an infant or young child who is not yet walking. B. blues the transient feelings of unhappiness and tearfulness that affect many women after the birth of their baby. B. Friendly Initiative abbreviated BFI. Part of a global campaign by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund to ensure that all mothers are facilitated in breast feeding to enable babies to benefit from the health and social advantages. Battered b. one suffering from the result of continued violence; extensive bruising, fractures of limbs, rib and skull, or an internal trauma may be found. See ABUSE. Blue b. one suffering from cyanosis at birth as a result of atelectasis or congenital heart malformation.
Bach flower remedies a system of complementary medicine, devised by Dr Edward Bach and based on homeopathic principles. Flower remedies can be used to treat emotional and psychological disorders. There are 38 flower remedies. See also HOMEOPATHY.
bacillaemia the presence of bacilli in the blood.
bacilluria the presence of bacilli in the urine.
Bacillus a genus of aerobic, spore-bearing Gram-positive bacteria. B. anthracis the causative agent of ANTHRAX.
bacillus loosely, the cause of any bacterial infection by a rod-shaped microorganism, e.g. Escherichia coli, the colon bacillus.
back dorsum. Posterior trunk from neck to pelvis. B. bone the vertebral column. B. slab plaster or plastic splint in which a limb is supported. Hunch b. kyphosis.
backache any pain in the back, usually the lower part. The pain is often dull and continuous, but sometimes sharp and throbbing. Backache, or lumbago, is one of the most common ailments and can be caused by a variety of disorders. Health care workers are at particular risk and one in six nurses is thought to experience back pain.
bacteraemia the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream.
bacteria a general name given to minute vegetable organisms which may live on organic matter. There are many varieties, only some of which are pathogenic to humans, animals and plants. Each bacterium consists of a single cell and, given favourable conditions, multiplies by subdivision. Bacteria are classified according to their shape (a) bacilli, rod-shaped and (b) cocci, spherical (see Figure), subdivided into (i) streptococci, in chains; (ii) staphylococci, in groups; (iii) diplococci, in pairs; (c) spirilla, spirochaetes, spiral. Pathogenic b. those whose growth in the body gives rise to disease, either by destruction of tissue or by formation of toxins, which circulate in the blood. Pathogenic bacteria thrive on organic matter in the presence of warmth and moisture.
BACTERIA: BACILLI (ROD-SHAPED) AND COCCI (SPHERICAL)
bacterialpertaining to bacteria.
bactericidal capable of killing bacteria, e.g. disinfectants, great heat, intense cold or sunlight.
bacteriologist one who is qualified in the science of bacteriology.
bacteriology the scientific study of bacteria.
bacteriolysin an antibody produced in the blood to assist in the destruction of bacteria. The action is specific.
bacteriolysis the dissolution of bacteria by a bacteriolytic agent.
bacteriophage a virus that only infects bacteria. Many strains exist, some of which are used for identifying types of staphylococci and salmonellae.
bacteriostat an agent that inhibits the growth of bacteria.
bacteriostatic inhibiting the growth of bacteria.
bag a sac or pouch. B. of waters the membranes enclosing the AMNIOTIC (FLUID) and the developing fetus in utero. Ambu b. is a bag valve mask (BVM). It is a hand-held device used to provide positive ventilation to a patient who is not breathing or who is breathing inadequately. Use of the Ambu bag to ventilate a patient is frequently called ‘bagging’. Colostomy b. a receptacle worn over the stoma by the patient, to receive the faecal discharge. Douglas b. a receptacle for the collection of expired air, permitting measurement of respiratory gases. Ileostomy b. any of various plastic or latex pouches attached to the stoma for the collection of faecal material after ILEOSTOMY. Politizer b. a soft bag of rubber for inflating the pharyngotympanic tube. Urine b. a receptacle used for urine by ambulatory patients with urinary incontinence.
balance the ability to remain upright and to move without falling over. In physiological terms the harmonious relationship between parts and organs of the body and their functions or between substances in the body. See ACID–BASE BALANCE. B. of probabilities the standard of proof required in civil proceedings.
balanced diet a varied diet that contains all the nutritional elements in the correct quantities required for growth and repair of body tissues.
balanced salt solution (BSS) a solution that is made to a physiological pH with appropriate concentrations of salts and electrolytes. Used during intraocular surgery to replace intraocular fluids.
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis and of the prepuce, usually associated with phimosis. Balanoposthitis.
baldness absence of hair, especially from the scalp. Alopecia.
ballottement [Fr.] a method of testing for a floating object, e.g. abdominal palpation of the uterus when testing for pregnancy. The uterus is pushed upward by a finger in the vagina, and if a fetus is present it will fall back again like a heavy body in water.
bandage 1. a strip or roll of gauze or other material for wrapping or binding any part of the body. 2. to cover by wrapping with such material. Bandages may be used to stop the flow of blood, to provide a safeguard against contamination, or to hold a dressing in place. They may also be used to hold a splint in position or otherwise immobilize an injured part of the body to prevent further injury and to facilitate healing.
banding placing a band round a vessel to restrict the flow from it. Pulmonary arterial b. a palliative operation used in treating infants with ventricular septal defects.
bank an institution offering services, or a store of donated human tissues for use in the future by other individuals, e.g. blood b., human milk b., sperm b. Nurse b. a group of nurses who are known to the employing authority and available for employment on an on-call basis.
Bankhart's operation A.S.B. Bankhart, British orthopaedic surgeon, 1879–1951. An operation to repair a defect in the glenoid cavity that causes repeated dislocation of the shoulder joint.
barbiturates a large group of sedative and hypnotic drugs derived from barbituric acid, e.g. phenobarbitone, amylobarbitone. Prolonged use may lead to addiction.
bariatrics a branch of medicine, surgery and dietetics that deals with obesity, its effects, treatment and control. See OBESITY.
barium symbol Ba. A soft silvery metallic element. B. sulphate a heavy mineral salt that is comparatively impermeable to X-rays and can therefore be used as a contrast medium, given as a meal or as an enema. Used to demonstrate abnormality in the stomach or intestines, and to show peristaltic movement. B. sulphide the chief constituent of depilatory preparations, i.e. those which remove...