Fruits, Vegetables, and Herbs

Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion
 
 
Academic Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 23. April 2016
  • |
  • 618 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-802989-3 (ISBN)
 

Fruits, Vegetables, and Herbs: Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion brings together experts from around the world working on the cutting edge of research on fruit, vegetables, and herbs in health promotion. Offering a timely, concise, scientific appraisal of the efficacy of key foods to prevent disease and improve the quality of life, Fruits, Vegetables, and Herbs: Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion provides valuable evidence-based conclusions and recommendations.

This reference text will encourage further research on the potential benefits of fruits and vegetables in health and disease prevention, providing a basis for possible dietary modifications by the government and the public.


  • Provides insight on bioactive constituents found in fruits and vegetables that can be further studied to improve health and disease resistance or incorporated into other food products and used as alternative medicines and dietary supplements
  • Includes valuable information on how fruits are important sources of bioflavonoids and non-nutritive bioactives that modify body functions
  • Offers a conclusion or summary of evidence at the end of each chapter to enhance understanding of new approaches in the field
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 10,24 MB
978-0-12-802989-3 (9780128029893)
0128029897 (0128029897)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Fruits, Vegetables, and Herbs
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • List of Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1. Overview of Fruits, Vegetables, and Herbs in Health
  • 1 Socioeconomic inequalities in fruit and vegetable intakes
  • Introduction
  • Overview of Evidence on Socioeconomic Inequalities in Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
  • Children
  • Adolescents
  • Adults
  • Older adults
  • Summary
  • Mechanisms Underlying Socioeconomic Inequalities in Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
  • Children
  • Intrapersonal determinants
  • Social determinants
  • Environmental determinants
  • Adolescents
  • Intrapersonal determinants
  • Social determinants
  • Environmental determinants
  • Adults
  • Intrapersonal mediators
  • Social mediators
  • Environmental mediators
  • Older adults
  • Intrapersonal, social, and environmental mediators
  • Summary
  • Future Research Directions
  • Measures of socioeconomic position
  • Measures of fruit and vegetable intake
  • Understudied Populations
  • Improvements to study design and statistical analysis
  • Implications for Practice
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 2 Industrial freezing, cooking, and storage differently affect antioxidant nutrients in vegetables
  • Introduction
  • The Industrial Processing of Frozen Vegetables
  • Phenol Oxidizing Enzymes and Blanching
  • Optimization of the Total Phenols Extraction and Analysis
  • Comparison Among Vegetables: Spinach, Broccoli, and Green Beans
  • Experimental Data Obtained in Our Laboratory
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 3 Pharmacological properties of some medicinal plants, its components and using fields
  • Introduction
  • Some of the Plants That Have Contributed to the Discovery of Drugs for Use in Modern Medicine
  • Matricaria chamomilla L.
  • Description
  • Traditional use
  • Chemical constituents
  • Pharmacological properties
  • Toxicological study
  • Analgesic activity
  • Antiinflammatory activity
  • Central nervous system activity
  • Ormenis mixta L.
  • Description
  • Traditional use
  • Chemical constituents
  • Pharmacological properties
  • Antiproliferative effect
  • Pistacia atlantica Desf.
  • Description
  • Traditional use
  • Chemical constituents
  • Pharmacological properties
  • Toxicological study
  • Antiinflammatory activity
  • Antimicrobial activity
  • Antioxidant activity
  • Radical scavenging and antiacetylcholinesterase activities
  • Effect in acetic acid induced colitis in rats
  • Papaver rhoeas L.
  • Description
  • Chemical constituents
  • Traditional use
  • Pharmacological properties
  • Toxicological study
  • Antiinflammatory and antinociceptive effects
  • Antigenotoxic capacity
  • Antimicrobial activity
  • References
  • 4 Nutritional indicators and health aspects of fruit and vegetable consumption in aged adults
  • Introduction
  • The Aging Body
  • Fruits and Vegetables and Their Special Role in the Nutrition of the Elderly
  • Fruits and vegetables as nutrient-rich, low-energy foods
  • Antioxidants and bioactive plant components
  • Dietary fiber
  • Intake of Fruits and Vegetables in Elderly Across Europe
  • Factors Influencing Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Elderly
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 5 Diabetes, diabetic complications, and flavonoids
  • Introduction
  • Flavonoids
  • Flavonol
  • Kaempferol
  • Rutin
  • Myricetin
  • Quercetin
  • Flavonones
  • Hesperidin
  • Flavones
  • Apigenin
  • Luteolin
  • Baicalein
  • Isoflavones
  • Genistein
  • Chalcones
  • Aspalathin
  • Butein
  • Isoliquiritigenin
  • Phloretin/phloridzin
  • Biflavonoids
  • Amentoflavone
  • Kolaviron
  • Anthocyanins
  • Summary
  • References
  • 6 Curcumin: the epigenetic therapy
  • Introduction
  • Turmeric: The Golden Spice
  • Molecular Targets of Curcumin
  • Curcumin and Epigenetics
  • What is epigenetics?
  • Modulation of Epigenetics With Curcumin
  • Curcumin and Histone Acetylation
  • Future Directions
  • References
  • 7 Nutraceuticals as therapeutic agents for inflammation
  • Introduction
  • Inhibition of the activation of NF-?B
  • Blocking the overexpression of proinflammatory cytokines
  • Downregulation of the overexpression of CAMs and inhibiting enzyme activity (phospholipase A2, COX-2, 5-LOX, iNOS, and myel ...
  • Inhibit ROS-generating enzyme activity/increasing ability to scavenge ROS
  • Flavonoids
  • Soy isoflavones
  • Catechins
  • Pycnogenol
  • Anthocyanins
  • Resveratrol
  • Lipoic acid
  • Linolenic acid
  • Thymoquinone
  • Lupeol
  • Astaxanthin
  • Phosphopeptides
  • References
  • 8 Vegetarian diets and disease outcomes
  • Introduction
  • Vegetarian diets and health outcomes
  • Cardiovascular disease/hypertension
  • Metabolic syndrome and diabetes
  • Cancer
  • Kidney disease
  • Weight loss
  • Vegetarian diets, inflammation, and the gut microbiota connection
  • Metabolic disease and obesity
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 9 Diet and nutrition role in prostate health
  • Introduction
  • Nonmodifiable Risk Factors
  • Modifiable Risk Factors
  • Diet
  • Macronutrients
  • Micronutrients
  • Alcohol
  • Herbs and supplements
  • Saw palmetto
  • ß-Sitosterol
  • Pygeum
  • Nonmodifiable Risk Factors
  • Aging
  • Endocrine
  • Race and Ethnicity
  • Genetic Predisposition
  • Modifiable Risk Factors
  • Diet and obesity
  • Conflicting data
  • References
  • 2. Fruit and Health and Diseases
  • 10 Advances in the study of the health benefits and mechanisms of action of the pulp and seed of the Amazonian palm fruit, ...
  • Introduction
  • Botany of Fruit
  • Açai Seed
  • Açai Pulp of the Fruit
  • Cardiovascular and Lipid Profile Studies
  • Epigenetic Effects of Açai Pulp on Life Span Extension
  • Açai Pulp, Transcription and Modulation of Immune Function
  • Central Nervous System (CNS) and Brain Function
  • Antiproliferative Effects
  • Hepatic, Renal Function, and Liver Studies
  • References
  • 11 Grape bioactives for human health
  • Introduction
  • Grape Phytochemistry
  • Bioactivities of Grape Chemicals
  • The Cardioprotective Potential of Grape Products and Polyphenols
  • Grape seed extracts
  • Resveratrol
  • Grape juice
  • Oral Bioavailability of Grape Polyphenols
  • Conclusion
  • Conflict of Interest
  • References
  • 12 Kiwifruit and health
  • Introduction
  • Health Benefits from Actinidia Species
  • Cell protection and antimutagenic activity
  • Gut health
  • Immune function and protection from infectious disease
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Other health benefits from kiwifruit
  • Sleep
  • Wound healing and skin
  • Diabetes
  • Kiwifruit allergies and other detrimental health effects
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 13 Cocoa-past medicinal uses, current scientific evidence, and advertised health benefits
  • Introduction
  • Historic Uses of Cocoa Products
  • Current Scientific Evidence
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Antioxidant/antiinflammatory effects
  • Cancer
  • Neurocognitive function
  • Intestinal health
  • Advertised Health Benefits
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 14 Pomegranate juice and extract
  • Introduction
  • Plant Parts and Chemistry
  • Pharmacology/Mechanism of Action
  • Human Clinical Research
  • Cardiovascular health
  • Modulating risk and progression of atherosclerosis/coronary heart disease
  • Modulation of serum lipids
  • Blood pressure modulation
  • Modulation of endothelial function
  • Prostate cancer
  • Musculoskeletal/joint health
  • Exercise
  • Dental health
  • UV-induced skin pigmentation
  • Discussion
  • References
  • 15 Berries and blood pressure
  • Introduction
  • High Blood Pressure: A Hidden Epidemic
  • The Onset of High Blood Pressure
  • Berries for High Blood Pressure
  • Blueberries: Best for Blood Pressure
  • Grapes
  • Strawberries
  • Cranberries
  • Black currants
  • Beyond Hypertension: Berries for Orthostatic Hypotension
  • Crataegus berries with D-camphor
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 3. Vegetables in Health and Diseases
  • 16 Poi history, uses, and role in health
  • Introduction
  • Historical Review of Taro
  • Poi Preparation
  • Medical Use Review
  • Digestive disorders
  • Infant allergies
  • Failure-to-thrive
  • Probiotic effects
  • Cancer inhibiting properties
  • Future research
  • Summary Points
  • References
  • 17 Bioactive potential of two wild edible mushrooms of the Western Ghats of India
  • Introduction
  • Mushrooms and Processing
  • Bioactive Principles
  • Total phenolics
  • Tannins
  • Flavonoids
  • Vitamin C
  • l-DOPA
  • Trypsin inhibition
  • Hemagglutination
  • Antioxidant Assay
  • Total antioxidant activity
  • Ferrous ion chelating capacity
  • DPPH free radical-scavenging activity
  • Reducing power
  • Data analysis
  • Observations and Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Abbreviations
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 4. Herbs in Health and Diseases
  • 18 Nutrient profile, bioactive components, and functional properties of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench)
  • Many Names
  • Agronomy
  • Nutrient Profile and Bioactive Components of Okra and Their Health Effects
  • Dietary fiber
  • Okra consumption and diabetes mellitus
  • Minerals in okra and their role in the prevention and management of noncommunicable diseases
  • Mechanisms by which potassium lowers BP
  • Magnesium
  • Manganese
  • Vitamin C
  • Folate
  • Vitamin K
  • Vitamin B1
  • Vitamin B6
  • Effects of processing pretreatments on nutrients
  • Bioactive Components-Disease Prevention and Management
  • Flavonoids
  • Antiobesity, antidiabetic, and antihypertensive effects of quercetin
  • Phytosterols
  • Screening and extraction techniques for bioactive compounds
  • Functional Properties
  • Medicinal
  • Food uses
  • Okra Food Dishes
  • Concluding Remarks
  • References
  • 19 Fruit and vegetable consumption in the United States: patterns, barriers and federal nutrition assistance program ...
  • Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in the United States
  • Vegetarian Diets in the United States
  • Barriers to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
  • Promoting Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 20 Dietary fiber and health: cardiovascular disease and beyond
  • Introduction
  • Total Mortality
  • Heart Disease and Stroke
  • Type-2 Diabetes
  • Weight Loss
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Esophageal Cancer
  • Stomach Cancer
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Other Cancer
  • Inflammatory Diseases Mortality
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Respiratory Diseases Mortality
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 21 Fruits, vegetables, and herbs: bioactive foods promoting wound healing
  • Introduction
  • Stages of Healing
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Fat and Carbohydrates
  • Zinc
  • Protein
  • Iron
  • Honey
  • Bromelain
  • Achillea millefolium
  • Centella asiatica
  • Arnebia densiflora
  • Aloe vera
  • References
  • 22 Curcumin in hepatic stellate cell activation in health
  • Introduction
  • Curcumin alleviates hepatic fibrosis by affecting bioactivities of HSCs
  • Curcumin inhibits the growth and proliferation and activation of HSC in vitro
  • Curcumin ameliorates HSC activation in animal models
  • Curcumin induces apoptosis of activated HSC
  • Curcumin suppresses accumulation of ECM
  • The Mechanisms by Which Curcumin Targets in Activated HSCs
  • Curcumin maintains redox homeostasis and antioxidant and suppresses inflammation in HSC
  • Curcumin activates PPAR? signaling pathway in activated HSCs
  • Curcumin blocks leptin signaling pathway in HSCs
  • Curcumin suppresses TGFß and TGFß-R signaling pathway in activated HSCs
  • Curcumin blocks insulin signaling and regulates intracellular glucose and its derivatives in activated HSCs
  • Curcumin modulates lipid metabolism in HSCs
  • Curcumin balances formation and degradation of ECM via distinctively regulating TIMPs and MMPs
  • Clinical trials and future direction
  • Conclusions
  • Abbreviations
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 23 Curcumin against amyloid pathology in mental health and brain composition
  • Introduction
  • Aß Oligomers Are the Main Therapeutic Targets for Preclinical AD
  • Curcumin Displays Antioxidant Effects and can Inhibit Aß Aggregations
  • Keto-Enol Tautomerism of Curcumin Is a Key to Its Aß-Binding Activity
  • Curcumin Inhibits ß-Secretase Activity
  • Curcumin and Neuroinflammation
  • Animal Studies With curcumin
  • Clinical Trials of Curcumin for AD
  • New Approaches of Curcumin
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 24 Recent developments in using plant-derived natural products as tubulin inhibitors for the management of cancer
  • Introduction
  • Microtubules
  • Polymerization dynamics of microtubules
  • Tubulin inhibitors as anticancer agents
  • Molecular-binding domains for anticancer drugs
  • Microtubule destabilizers
  • Vinca domain
  • Vinca site-binding agents
  • The vinca alkaloids
  • Vindesine (Eldisine) and vinorelbine (Navelbine)
  • Vinflunine
  • Peptide site-binding agents
  • Halichondrin B
  • Hemiasterlin
  • Dolastatins 10 and 15
  • Cryptophycin
  • Rhizoxin
  • Spongistatins
  • Colchicine domain
  • Combretastatin
  • Combretatropone
  • 2-Methoxyestradiol
  • Centaureidin
  • Curacin A
  • Thiol group on cysteine residues
  • Calvatic acid
  • Cytochalasin A
  • Microtubule stabilizers
  • Taxane domain
  • Taxane domain-binding agents
  • Paclitaxel
  • Docetaxel
  • Abraxane
  • Epothilones
  • Taccalonolides
  • Laulimalide
  • Peloruside A
  • Discodermolide
  • Dictyostatin
  • Summary
  • References
  • 25 Medicinal and nutritional qualities of Zingiber officinale
  • Introduction
  • Ginger in Traditional Use
  • Essential oil
  • Nutrient Composition
  • Bioactive Components of Ginger
  • Gingerol homologues
  • Analgesic Effect
  • Cardiovascular Effects
  • Gastrointestinal Effects
  • Effect on Migraine/Retinopathy
  • Metabolism of Ginger
  • Future Prospects
  • References
  • 26 Antimicrobials from herbs, spices, and plants
  • Introduction
  • Herbs, spices, and plant extracts
  • Major antimicrobial compounds of herbs and spices
  • Phenolics and polyphenols
  • Simple phenols and phenolic acids
  • Quinones
  • Flavones, flavonoids, and flavonols
  • Tannins
  • Coumarins
  • Terpenoids and EOs
  • Alkaloids
  • Lectins and polypeptides
  • Mixtures
  • Other compounds
  • Chemical components of EOs
  • Uses of plant-origin antimicrobials
  • Using natural antimicrobials against pathogens in liquid food models
  • Using natural antimicrobials against pathogens in solid food models
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Index
  • Back Cover

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