Electrotherapy E-Book

evidence-based practice
 
 
Churchill Livingstone Title (Verlag)
  • 12. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 22. Februar 2008
  • |
  • 416 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-7020-3983-6 (ISBN)
 
With a new editor at the helm, Electrotherapy: Evidence-Based Practice (formerly Clayton's Electrotherapy) is back in its 12th edition, continuing to uphold the standard of clinical research and evidence base for which it has become renowned.
This popular textbook comprehensively covers the use of electrotherapy in clinical practice and includes the theory which underpins that practice. Over recent years the range of therapeutic agents involved and the scope for their use have greatly increased and the new edition includes and evaluates the latest evidence and most recent developments in this fast-growing field.
Tim Watson brings years of clinical, research and teaching experience to the new edition, with a host of new contributors, all leaders in their specialty.
  • Evidence, evidence, evidence!
  • Contributions from field leaders
  • New clinical reasoning model to inform decision making
  • All chapters completely revised
  • New layout, breaking up what is sometimes a difficult subject into manageable chunks
  • Part of the Physiotherapy Essentials series - core textbooks for both students and lecturers
  • Online image bank now available! Log on to http://evolve.elsevier.com/Watson/electrotherapy and type in your unique pincode for access to over 170 downloadable images
  • Englisch
  • London
  • Höhe: 189 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 246 mm
  • |
  • Dicke: 0 mm
  • 8,91 MB
978-0-7020-3983-6 (9780702039836)
0702039837 (0702039837)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front cover
  • Electrotherapy: evidence-based practice
  • Copyright page
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Contributors
  • SECTION 1: Introduction and scientific concepts
  • Chapter 1 Introduction: current concepts and clinical decision making in electrotherapy
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CURRENT CONCEPTS IN ELECTROTHERAPY
  • MODELS OF ELECTROTHERAPY
  • ELECTROTHERAPEUTIC WINDOWS
  • CLINICAL DECISION MAKING IN ELECTROTHERAPY
  • CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 2 Electrophysical and thermal principles
  • INTRODUCTION
  • WAVE MOTION
  • ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM
  • MECHANICAL WAVES
  • HEAT AND TEMPERATURE
  • Chapter 3 Electrical properties of tissues
  • INTRODUCTION
  • THE BODY BIOELECTRIC
  • THE ELECTRIC CELL
  • TISSUE BATTERIES
  • DIRECT CURRENT (DC) CONTROL THEORY
  • LOCAL INJURY CURRENT AND WHOLE BODY BIOELECTRIC INTERACTION
  • BIOELECTRIC CHANGES FOLLOWING INJURY AND DURING REPAIR
  • BIOELECTRICITY AND ELECTROTHERAPY
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 4 Tissue repair
  • INTRODUCTION
  • THE PRINCIPLES OF TISSUE HEALING
  • REPAIR OF SPECIALISED TISSUES
  • ABNORMAL TISSUE REPAIR
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 5 Sensory and motor nerve activation
  • INTRODUCTION
  • MOTOR NEURON TO MUSCLE ACTIVATION
  • MUSCLES: BASIC CHARACTERISTICS, CLASSIFICATION AND THE INFLUENCE OF THE MOTOR NEURON
  • AFFERENT INPUT TO THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
  • SENSORY RECEPTORS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 6 Physiology of pain
  • INTRODUCTION
  • PERIPHERAL ASPECTS
  • CENTRAL ASPECTS
  • MODULATION OF PAIN TRANSMISSION
  • SENSITIZATION
  • CHRONIC PAIN
  • COMPLEX REGIONAL PAIN SYNDROME
  • PAIN STATES
  • REFERRED PAIN
  • PHANTOM LIMB PAIN
  • REFERENCES
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • Chapter 7 Thermal effects
  • INTRODUCTION
  • THERMAL HOMOEOSTASIS
  • BODY TEMPERATURE
  • PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF THERMAL CHANGES
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 8 Low-energy treatments: non-thermal or microthermal?
  • INTRODUCTION
  • INTERACTIVE TARGETS
  • THE EFFECT OF DOSAGE
  • CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
  • SECTION 2: Thermal and non-thermal modalities
  • Chapter 9 Heat and cold application
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CRYOTHERAPY (THERAPEUTIC COLD)
  • HEAT (CONTACT AND RADIANT)
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 10 Pulsed and continuous shortwave therapy
  • INTRODUCTION
  • DEVELOPMENT OF SHORTWAVE THERAPY
  • SHORTWAVE THERAPY GENERATORS
  • PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
  • METHODS OF COUPLING SHORTWAVE THERAPY TO THE TISSUES
  • HEAT PRODUCTION WITH SHORTWAVE THERAPY
  • MECHANISMS OF ACTION
  • THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF SHORTWAVE THERAPIES
  • OTHER CLINICAL PROBLEMS
  • CLINICAL DECISION MAKING WITH SHORTWAVE THERAPY
  • THE USE OF THERMAL SENSATION FOR ASSESSING SHORTWAVE THERAPY DOSE
  • SAFETY WITH SHORTWAVE THERAPY
  • CONTRAINDICATIONS AND PRECAUTIONS
  • CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 11 Low-intensity laser therapy
  • BRIEF HISTORY
  • DEFINITIONS AND NOMENCLATURE
  • PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES
  • LASER-TISSUE INTERACTION
  • PRINCIPLES OF CLINICAL APPLICATION
  • KEY POINTS ON LASER TREATMENT OF SOME SELECTED CONDITIONS
  • HAZARDS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 12 Therapeutic ultrasound
  • INTRODUCTION
  • BEHAVIOUR OF ULTRASOUND
  • EFFECTS OF ULTRASOUND
  • TISSUE REPAIR
  • ULTRASOUND AND SPECIFIC TISSUE REPAIR
  • ULTRASOUND APPLICATION
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • SECTION 3: Electrical stimulation modalities
  • Chapter 13 Introduction to low-frequency currents
  • INTRODUCTION
  • STIMULATION OF A NERVE USING ELECTRICAL CURRENTS
  • STIMULATION PARAMETERS OF LOW-FREQUENCY CURRENTS
  • ELECTRODES
  • CHOICE OF STIMULATION PARAMETERS
  • PRINCIPLES OF CLINICAL APPLICATION
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 14 Neuromuscular electrical stimulation: nerve-muscle interaction
  • INTRODUCTION
  • BACKGROUND
  • MONITORING AND MEASUREMENT
  • CENTRAL MOTOR PATHWAY CONDUCTIVITY AND INFLUENCES OF DESCENDING NERVE PATHWAYS
  • ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF MUSCLES: SURFACE ELECTROMYOGRAPHY RECORDINGS
  • FUNCTIONAL ASPECTS OF CHANGES IN ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE
  • EFFECTS OF IMMOBILIZATION
  • TRAINING SKELETAL MUSCLE: EXERCISE AND ELECTRICAL STIMULATION
  • LOW-FREQUENCY ELECTRICAL STIMULATION
  • LONG-TERM (CHRONIC) ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF SKELETAL MUSCLE
  • SHORT-TERM ELECTRICAL STIMULATION
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 15 Neuromuscular and muscular electrical stimulation
  • INTRODUCTION
  • TYPES OF UNIT
  • NOMENCLATURE AND TYPES OF ELECTRICAL STIMULATION IN NERVE AND MUSCLE
  • EVIDENCE OF CLINICAL EFFICACY
  • PRACTICAL APPLICATION
  • MOTOR RECOVERY FOLLOWING NEUROLOGICAL DAMAGE
  • CONTRAINDICATIONS AND HAZARDS
  • CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 16 Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
  • INTRODUCTION
  • HISTORY
  • DEFINITION
  • PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES
  • PRINCIPLES UNDERLYING APPLICATION
  • KNOWN BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
  • KNOWN EFFICACY: THE CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS OF TENS
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 17 Interferential current
  • INTRODUCTION
  • PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES OF INTERFERENTIAL CURRENT
  • FOUR-ELECTRODE AND TWO-ELECTRODE APPLICATION
  • THEORETICAL MECHANISMS OF INTERFERENTIAL CURRENT
  • EVIDENCE FOR THE EFFECTS OF INTERFERENTIAL CURRENT
  • OVERALL CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 18 Functional electrical stimulation
  • INTRODUCTION
  • LOWER LIMB STIMULATION
  • UPPER LIMB ASSIST
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING AND INFORMATION SOURCES
  • WEB ADDRESS FOR EXAMPLES OF SUPPLIERS OF FES EQUIPMENT CITED IN THE TEXT
  • Chapter 19 Electrical stimulation for enhanced wound healing
  • INTRODUCTION
  • PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH CHRONIC WOUNDS
  • REVIEWS
  • ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY IN THE SKIN RELATED TO WOUNDS AND HEALING
  • POSSIBLE MECHANISMS
  • CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • SECTION 4: Ultrasound imaging
  • Chapter 20 Musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging
  • INTRODUCTION
  • HISTORY
  • PRINCIPLES
  • IMAGING APPLICATIONS
  • LIMITATIONS OF ULTRASOUND
  • SAFETY
  • CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
  • SECTION 5: Contraindications, dangers and precautions
  • Chapter 21 Guidance for the clinical use of electrophysical agents 2006
  • SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION
  • SECTION 2: SCOPE OF PRACTICE, CONSENT AND MONITORING
  • SECTION 3: RELATIONSHIPS WITH AND ADVICE TO THIRD PARTIES
  • SECTION 4: MAINTENANCE ISSUES
  • SECTION 5: COMPETENCE TO PRACTISE
  • SECTION 6: CONTRAINDICATIONS, PRECAUTIONS, SAFETY AND APPLICATION ISSUES
  • SECTION 7: AGENTS
  • SECTION 8: NOVEL AGENTS AND EQUIPMENT
  • SECTION 9: BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • SECTION 10: APPENDIX 1: INFORMATION SHEET: ELECTROPHYSICAL AGENTS TREATMENT RECORD OF UNEXPECTED EFFECTS
  • Index
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • Z

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