This book explores the place of loyalty in the relationship between the monarchy and their subjects in late medieval and early modern Britain. It focuses on a period in which political and religious upheaval tested the bonds of loyalty between ruler and ruled. The era also witnessed changes in how loyalty was developed and expressed. The first section focuses on royal propaganda and expressions of loyalty from the gentry and nobility under the Yorkist and early Tudor monarchs, as well as the fifteenth-century Scottish monarchy. The chapters illustrate late-medieval conceptions of loyalty, exploring how they manifested themselves and how they persisted and developed into early modernity. Loyalty to the later Tudors and early Stuarts is scrutinised in the second section, gauging the growing level of dissent in the build-up to the British Civil Wars of the seventeenth century. The final section dissects the role that the concept of loyalty played during and after the Civil Wars, looking at how divergent groups navigated this turbulent period and examining the ways in which loyalty could be used as a means of surviving the upheaval.
Matthew Ward is a British Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Nottingham, UK, and Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He authored The Livery Collar in Late Medieval England and Wales: Politics, Identity and Affinity (2016), and is currently preparing his second monograph, The Culture of Loyalty in Fifteenth-Century England.
Matthew Hefferan is a Teaching Associate in Medieval and Early Modern History at the University of Nottingham, UK. His research focuses on the royal household knight in later medieval England. He is currently preparing a monograph on the household knights of King Edward III, to be published in 2021.
1. Introduction: Loyalty to the Monarchy in Late Medieval and Early Modern Britain - Matthew Ward and Matthew HefferanPart 1 - Loyalty to Late Medieval and Early Tudor Monarchs2. 'I claim no right but would this land defend': Loyalty to the Institution of Kingship in Blind Hary's Wallace - Callum Watson3. Tiltyard Friendships and bonds of Loyalty in the Reign of Edward IV, c. 1461-1471 - Emma Levitt4. Political Dialogue, Exchange and Propaganda in Yorkist and Early Tudor England, c. 1461-1537 - Wesley Correa5. Towards God religious, towards us most faithful': the Paulet Family, the Somerset Gentry and the Early Tudor Monarchy, 1485-1547 - Simon Lambe6. Dedicated to Loyalty: Book Dedications to Henry VIII - Valerie SchuttePart 2 - Loyalty to the Later Tudors and Early Stuarts7. Not 'to Confound Predicaments': Loyalty and the Common Law, c.1400-1688 - Michael A. Heimos8. Loyalty to a Queen: Elizabeth I, the earl of Essex and the Catholic Nobility - Janet Dickinson9. Loyalty to a Nero? Publicising Puritan Persecution in the 1630s - Jamie Gianoutsos10. Divided Loyalties of East Midlands Sheriffs, 1630-1640 - Richard BullockPart 3 - Loyalty, Civil War and Restoration in the Seventeenth Century11. Bad and Evil Patriots': Understanding the Motives of Scottish Civil War Royalists, c. 1639-1651 - Andrew Lind12. 'Seditious' Memories and Disloyalty after the Restoration, c. 1660-1668 - Edward Legon13. Loyalty and Insecurity in Charles II's Virginia - John Rushton Pagan14. 'These Repeated Testimonies of Duty and Affection': Constructing Loyalty in Cornwall and South-West Wales, 1681-85 - James Harriss.