Reconceiving Civil Society and Transitional Justice examines the role of civil society in transitional justice, exploring the forms of civil society that are enabled or disabled by transitional justice processes and the forms of transitional justice activity that are enabled and disabled by civil society actors.
Although civil society organisations play an integral role in the pursuit of transitional justice in conflict-affected societies, the literature lacks a comprehensive conceptualisation of the diversity and complexity of these roles. This reflects the degree to which dominant approaches to transitional justice focus on liberal-legal justice strategies and international human rights norms. In this context, civil society organisations are perceived as intermediaries who are thought to advocate for and support formal, liberal transitional justice processes. The contributions to this volume demonstrate that the reality is more complicated; civil society can - and does - play important roles in enabling formal transitional justice processes, but it can also disrupt them. Informed by detailed fieldwork across Asia and the Pacific Islands, the contributions demonstrate that neither transitional justice or civil society should be treated as taken-for-granted concepts.
Demonstrating that neither transitional justice or civil society should be treated as taken-for-granted concepts, Reconceiving Civil Society and Transitional Justice will be of great interest to scholars of Security Studies, Asian Studies, Peacebuilding, Asia Pacific, Human Rights, Reconciliation and the Politics of Memory. The chapters were originally published as a special issue of Global Change, Peace & Security.
Joanne Wallis is an Associate Professor in the Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs in the College of Asia and the Pacific at the Australian National University. Her research focuses on peacebuilding and security in the Pacific Islands.
Lia Kent is a Visiting Fellow in the School of Regulation and Global Governance (RegNet) in the College of Asia and the Pacific at the Australian National University. Her research focuses on transitional justice and the politics of memory in Southeast Asia.
Introduction: Special issue on 'reconceiving civil society and transitional justice: lessons from Asia and the Pacific'
Joanne Wallis and Lia Kent
1. Reconciliations (Melanesian style) and transitional justice
2. The role of 'uncivil' society in transitional justice: evidence from Bougainville and Timor-Leste
3. Transitional justice and the spaces of memory activism in Timor-Leste and Aceh
4. From transitional to performative justice: peace activism in the aftermath of communal violence
5. Exploring the link between mine action and transitional justice in Cambodia
Dahlia Simangan and Rebecca Gidley