This book is the first to comprehensively cover research methods for building occupant behavior. As this is of growing importance for building design and for building performance optimization, the book aims to provide a sound scientific basis for experimental studies in this field. It introduces the reader to fundamental questions about the topic and unfolds the different fields related to occupant actions and comfort. This is followed by more general questions about developing an appropriate research method and experimental design. A comprehensive overview of sensors for monitoring environmental and also behavioral and action-related quantities helps to set up an experiment. In this context, different experimental environments and data collection methods (in-situ, laboratories, surveys) are introduced and discussed in terms of their suitability for the respective research question. Furthermore, data management and reporting is addressed. The book concludes with fundamental challenges in conducting occupant studies, with chapters on ground truth, ethics and privacy.
Andreas Wagner is a professor of Building Physics and Building Services at the Faculty of Architecture and leads the Building Science Group at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany.
William O'Brien is an associate professor and program advisor on Architectural Conservation and Sustainability Engineering at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. Bing Dong
is an assistant professor and head of the Built Environment Science & Technology Lab at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at San Antonio, USA.
Introduction.- Occupancy and occupants' actions.- General approach to research design.- Introduction to assess occupant behavior.- Sensing devices and data acquisition.- In-situ occupant monitoring.- Laboratory-based occupant studies.- Surveys and interviews.- Validation and ground truths.- Occupant data management.- Ethics and privacy.- Conclusions and outlook.