"Candide" is Voltaire's most famous work, a satirical masterpiece, which was first published in 1759. It is the story of its central character, the titular Candide, who lives a sheltered comfortable life and has been indoctrinated into the philosophy of Leibnizian optimism, by his mentor, Professor Pangloss. When Candide travels throughout the world he begins to witness the pervasive hardships of life, an experience that leads to his ultimate disillusionment with Leibnizian philosophy. Through this clever narrative Voltaire refutes the philosophy of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, whose central idea was that despite the apparent imperfections of the world, it was the best of all possible worlds because it was created by an all powerful and all knowing God. Voltaire found this philosophy insultingly ridiculous and within the humorous and satirical construct of this work he effectively exposes the idiocy of a philosophy that was so pervasive in his time. "Candide" is a fast-moving and fantastical tale which established Voltaire as not only one of the most important but controversial authors of his time. This edition is illustrated by Adrien Moreau and includes introductions by Philip Littell and J. M. Wheeler.
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- I. HOW CANDIDE WAS BROUGHT UP IN A MAGNIFICENT CASTLE, AND HOW HE WAS EXPELLED THENCE.
- II. What Became of Candide Among the Bulgarians.
- III. How Candide Made His Escape from the Bulgarians, and What Afterwards Became of Him.
- IV. How Candide Found His Old Master Pangloss, and What Happened To Them.
- V. Tempest, Shipwreck, Earthquake, and What Became of Doctor Pangloss, Candide, and James the Anabaptist.
- VI. How the Portuguese Made a Beautiful Auto-Da-FÃ©, to Prevent any Further Earthquakes
- and How Candide Was Publicly Whipped.
- VII. How the Old Woman Took Care of Candide, and How He Found the Object He Loved.
- VIII. The History of Cunegonde.
- IX. What Became of Cunegonde, Candide, the Grand Inquisitor, and the Jew.
- X. In What Distress Candide, Cunegonde, and the Old Woman Arrived at Cadiz
- and of Their Embarkation.
- XI. History of the Old Woman.
- XII. The Adventures of the Old Woman Continued.
- XIII. How Candide Was Forced Away from His Fair Cunegonde and the Old Woman.
- XIV. How Candide and Cacambo Were Received by the Jesuits of Paraguay.
- XV. How Candide Killed the Brother of His Dear Cunegonde.
- XVI. Adventures of the Two Travellers, with Two Girls, Two Monkeys, and the Savages Called Oreillons.
- XVII. Arrival of Candide and His Valet at El Dorado, and What They Saw There.
- XVIII. What They Saw in the Country of El Dorado.
- XIX. What Happened to Them at Surinam and How Candide Got Acquainted with Martin.
- XX. What Happened at Sea to Candide and Martin.
- XXI. Candide and Martin, Reasoning, Draw Near the Coast of France.
- XXII. What Happened in France to Candide and Martin.
- XXIII. Candide and Martin Touched upon the Coast of England, and What They Saw There.
- XXIV. Of Paquette and Friar GiroflÃ©e.
- XXV. The Visit to Lord Pococurante, a Noble Venetian.
- XXVI. Of a Supper Which Candide and Martin Took with Six Strangers, and Who They Were.
- XXVII. Candideâ??s Voyage to Constantinople.
- XXVIII. What Happened to Candide, Cunegonde, Pangloss, Martin, Etc.
- XXIX. How Candide Found Cunegonde and the Old Woman Again.
- XXX. The Conclusion.