Politeness Devices in the Tuvan Language

 
 
Harrassowitz, O (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen im August 2016
  • |
  • XII, 199 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF ohne DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-447-19542-3 (ISBN)
 
This work investigates the linguistic expression of politeness in Tuvan, a Turkic language spoken by about a quarter of a million people in South Siberia. Combining insights from Brown and Levinson's classic model of politeness with those of more recent discursive politeness theories, this work examines the morphological, syntactic, pragmatic, and sociolinguistic aspects of some of the primary verbal means through which Tuvans express politeness to each other in conversation. The language data analyzed is culled from an electronic corpus of Tuvan literature, fieldwork questionnaires, and the author's individual contact with Tuvan speakers.

The book first explores culturally internal (emic) perceptions that native Tuvan speakers have of what politeness means in Tuvan society: how Tuvans themselves characterize and categorize politeness behavior, what social norms they believe to be primary in generating it, and their evaluation of the current level of politeness versus impoliteness in Tuva. Following this, the work applies a culturally external (etic) grid to examine politeness devices that Tuvans use to manage potential face threats in conversation, separately looking at devices based on social indexing and those based on people's desire to not be imposed upon. Specific Tuvan verbal devices investigated in detail include respectful pronouns, deferential terms of address, indirect speech acts, polite auxiliary verbs and politeness particles. Although genuine politeness is the primary focus of this book, the discussion also interacts with closely related issues, such as rudeness, overpoliteness, and mock politeness.
1., Aufl.
  • Englisch
  • Wiesbaden
  • |
  • Deutschland
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 2
  • |
  • 22 Tabellen, 7 Diagramme, 2 Karten
  • |
  • 22 Tabellen, 2 Karten, 7 Diagramme
  • Höhe: 240 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 170 mm
  • 420 gr
978-3-447-19542-3 (9783447195423)
3447195428 (3447195428)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • Body
  • List of illustrations
  • List of tables
  • Glossing conventions
  • Acknowledgements
  • 1. General introduction
  • 1.1 Background on Tuva and Tuvan language studies
  • 1.2 Theories of linguistic politeness
  • 1.2.1 The early history of classical politeness theories
  • 1.2.2 The Brown & Levinson model
  • 1.2.3 Reactions to the Brown & Levinson model
  • 1.2.4 Response to criticisms of the Brown & Levinson model
  • 1.2.4.1 Response to criticisms based on first- versus second-order politeness
  • 1.2.4.2 Response to criticisms based on group face versus individual face in politeness
  • 1.2.4.3 Response to criticism of B&L's utterance-based approach
  • 1.3 The study of politeness in the Turkic languages
  • 1.4 Motivation, goals and limitations of present study
  • 1.5 Description of data sources
  • 1.5.1 Corpus work
  • 1.5.1.1 Annotation
  • 1.5.2 Fieldwork
  • 1.5.2.1 Stage 1 questionnaire
  • 1.5.2.2 Stage 2 questionnaire/interview
  • 1.5.3 Individual contact with Tuvan consultants
  • 1.6 Outline of the rest of this work
  • 2. Emic perceptions of politeness in Tuvan society
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 An expanded Tuvan definition of politeness
  • 2.3 Terms in Tuvan semantic field of politeness
  • 2.3.1 Evile?-eeldek
  • 2.3.2 Xündüleecel
  • 2.3.3 Cïmcak
  • 2.4 Emic terms related to 'face' in Tuvan
  • 2.4.1 Arïn 'visage'
  • 2.4.2 At 'name'
  • 2.5 'Golden words' and speech acts
  • 2.6 Differential treatment according to relative age
  • 2.7 Other Tuvan sayings about politeness/respect
  • 2.8 Perceptions of impoliteness in Tuvan society
  • 3. Tuvan politeness devices based on group face
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Tuvan pronouns: The politeness of plurality
  • 3.2.1 Repluralized pronouns
  • 3.2.1.1 Examples and interpretations of honorific RPs
  • 3.2.1.2 Examples of non-honorific RPs
  • 3.2.2 Dialectal variation in T/V/V2 pronoun use
  • 3.3 Terms of address
  • 3.3.1 Non-kin terms
  • 3.3.2 Kin terms and polite name avoidance
  • 3.3.2.1 Fictive kin terms
  • 3.4 Interaction between polite pronouns and deferential address terms
  • 4. Tuvan politeness devices based on individual face
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Indirect speech acts
  • 4.2.1 Interrogative instead of direct imperative (future action framed as question)
  • 4.2.2 Conditional + evaluation instead of direct imperative (reason frame)
  • 4.2.3 Conditional + interrogative as polite negotiation (embedded frame)
  • 4.3 Polite auxiliary verbs
  • 4.3.1 Auxiliary verb constructions in Tuvan
  • 4.3.2 Auxiliary bolur and the ability condition
  • 4.3.3 Auxiliary kör- and attemptive modality
  • 4.3.3.1 Excursus: 'See/try' as a politeness marker cross-linguistically
  • 4.3.4 Auxiliary ber- and benefactivity
  • 4.4 Particles
  • 4.4.1 -(A)m in directives
  • 4.4.1.1 Structure and distribution
  • 4.4.1.2 Politeness effect
  • 4.4.1.3 Disambiguation from intensifying am/-(A)m
  • 4.4.2 Iyin in declaratives
  • 4.4.3 Irgi in interrogatives
  • 4.4.4 Ï?ar/a?ar and moo?ar
  • 4.4.5 Sive/süve/si?me/sü?me
  • 4.4.6 Cügle
  • 5. Conclusion
  • 5.1 Summary of findings
  • 5.2 Suggestions for future research
  • Appendices
  • A. Bibliography of dissertations on the Tuvan language written in Russian
  • B. Stage 1 questionnaire
  • C. Stage 2 questionnaire / interview
  • References

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