Sustainability Certification Schemes in the Agricultural and Natural Resource Sectors

Outcomes for Society and the Environment
Routledge (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 3. Mai 2019
  • |
  • 342 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-351-33145-6 (ISBN)

This book provides a balanced critique of a range of international sustainability certification schemes across nine agricultural and natural resource industries.

Certification schemes set standards through intramarket private and multi-stakeholder mechanisms, and while third-party verification is often compulsory, certification schemes are regulated voluntarily rather than legislatively. This volume examines the intricacies of certification schemes and the issues they seek to address and provides the context within which each scheme operates. While a distinction between sustainability certifications and extra-markets or intrabusiness codes of conducts is made, the book also demonstrates how both are often working towards similar sustainability objectives. Each chapter highlights a different sector, including animal welfare, biodiversity, biofuels, coffee, fisheries, flowers, forest management and mining, with the contributions offering interdisciplinary perspectives and utilising a wide range of methodologies. The realities, achievements and challenges faced by varying certification schemes are discussed, identifying common outcomes and findings and concluding with recommendations for future practice and research.

The book is aimed at advanced students, researchers and professionals in agribusiness, natural resource economics, sustainability assessment and corporate social responsibility.

  • Englisch
  • Milton
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
28 schwarz-weiße Abbildungen, 5 schwarz-weiße Fotos, 10 schwarz-weiße Zeichnungen
  • 4,59 MB
978-1-351-33145-6 (9781351331456)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt

Melissa Vogt has been involved with and considering outcomes associated with sustainability certifications since 2006. She completed doctoral studies early 2019. She has experience as a consultant to small and medium-sized business in developing countries; and as an evaluator for community-based projects and programmes, and for commercialised scientific projects. She has taught in higher education in Rwanda and Australia and is currently based at the University of New South Wales, Australia.

  • Cover
  • Half Title
  • Series Page
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Notes on Contributors
  • Editor
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • 1 Sustainability certifications: changes over time and their unique position of influence
  • Introduction
  • Trade: social and environmental concern
  • Resolving the legacy of trade influence for the environment and society
  • Sustainability certifications
  • Overview
  • Included chapters
  • List of terms
  • Summary
  • Notes
  • References
  • Part I
  • Cultural considerations associated with sustainability certifications
  • 2 Cultural implications, flows and synergies of sustainability certifications
  • Introduction
  • Mechanisms for sustainability in international and local trade
  • Certifications are entities: cultural considerations
  • Cultural implications for and of stakeholders
  • Corporations and business
  • Cultural implication of systems and processes required by international sustainability certifications within producing countries
  • Participatory guarantee systems and certifications
  • Consumers and influential cultural flows
  • Summary: limiting rifts in positive cultural flows
  • Acknowledgements
  • Notes
  • References
  • Part II
  • Evaluating biodiversity outcomes
  • 3 Biodiversity outcomes associated with sustainability certifications
  • Introduction
  • Method and study scope
  • Contexts which may influence or confound the evaluation of biodiversity outcomes
  • Certified industry
  • Examples
  • Bioregion of certificates
  • Country and landscape contexts
  • Examples
  • Standard reach by bioregion: implying biodiversity outcomes
  • Biodiversity outcomes attributable to certifying productive and extractive activities
  • Improving biodiversity outcomes through farm and landscape heterogeneity: including conservation of generationally diverse farms
  • Acknowledgements
  • Note
  • References
  • 4 How does FSC certification of forest management benefit conservation of biodiversity?
  • Introduction
  • Methods and study scope
  • Standard compliance, operational-level outcomes: the baseline of impacts
  • Understanding the studied system and defining the norm
  • Certifying forest management in Intact Forest Landscapes
  • Conclusion
  • Disclaimer
  • Notes
  • References
  • Part III
  • Standard development and verification-based examples and considerations
  • 5 Biochar and certification
  • Introduction
  • What is biochar sustainability?
  • Biochar sustainability criteria and indicators
  • What is certification?
  • Sustainable biochar certification
  • Biochar production certification: a work in progress
  • Sustainable biochar application certification: the concept of Optimum Biochar Dose (OBD)
  • Academia-industry partnership
  • Resource management?
  • Biodiversity outcomes?
  • Conclusions and outlook
  • Acknowledgements
  • Note
  • References
  • 6 Safeguarding farm animal welfare
  • Introduction
  • Animal production and important changes in the last 50 years
  • Ongoing welfare discussion, concerns and drivers
  • Animal welfare science
  • Welfare Quality®
  • Animal welfare assessment
  • Developments
  • Notes
  • References
  • Part IV
  • Industry or certification specific reviews, evaluations and recommendations
  • 7 Certifying farmed seafood: a drop in the ocean or a 'stepping-stone' towards increased sustainability?
  • Introduction
  • Positive environmental effects of aquaculture certification: what is the evidence?
  • The potential of aquaculture certification to transform the seafood sector: a discussion on potentials and limitations
  • Future research needs
  • Note
  • References
  • 8 Biofuel sustainability certifications in the EU: democratically legitimate and socio-environmentally effective?
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Sustainability certification of biofuels in the EU: a public-private government arrangement
  • 3 Democratic legitimacy
  • 4 Output legitimacy: socio-environmental effectiveness
  • 5 Conclusions
  • Notes
  • References
  • 9 The path to credibility for the Marine Stewardship Council
  • Introduction
  • Rise of the MSC
  • Scientific rigor, independence, and the assessment process
  • Inclusiveness and the governance process
  • Output transparency: chain of custody
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • References
  • Part V
  • Industry and country specific primary research, evaluation and recommendations
  • 10 Interoperability of mineral sustainability initiatives: a case study of the Responsible Jewellery Council (RJC) and the Alliance for Responsible Mining (ARM)
  • Introduction
  • Method
  • Findings
  • Summary of findings
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • 11 Juggling sustainability certifications in the Costa Rican coffee industry
  • Introduction
  • Method
  • The coffee industry and Costa Rica
  • Coffee certifications in Costa Rica
  • Fieldwork 2009: the producer perspective
  • 2009 fieldwork summarised
  • 2009-2018
  • Summary
  • Notes
  • References
  • 12 To certify or not to certify: flower production practices in Ecuador
  • Introduction
  • Method
  • Flower production in Ecuador and its challenges
  • Flower certification
  • Practices of auditing
  • Government regulation in the flower sector
  • Local struggles for improvements
  • Discussion and conclusion
  • Notes
  • References
  • Part VI
  • Summarising outcomes for society and the environment
  • 13 Collating correlations, conclusions, recommendations and ideas for future research, evaluation and practice
  • Introduction
  • Methodology, methods and conceptual framings and advances
  • Disciplines
  • Considering outcomes across chapters
  • Considering recommendations across all chapters
  • Ideas, developments and possibilities for the future
  • Summary
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Index
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