This book provides the reader with the a comprehensive summary of the recent advances in the study of whitecaps. It is the first major publication focusing specifically on whitecaps and their role in a variety of climate-relevant air-sea interaction processes since the publication, in 1986, of Oceanic Whitecaps, and Their Role in Air-Sea Exchange Processes, edited by Edward Charles Monahan and Gearoid Mac Niocaill (published by Springer). This book also provides the interested reader with a review of the initial work done on this topic in the second half of the 20th Century.
Dr. Penny Vlahos has dedicated her career to the transport of both natural and anthropogenic compounds in the environment. She has taught chemistry, chemical oceanography and climate change at the University of Connecticut for over 18 years. Vlahos is interested in the transport of dissolved gases at the ocean-atmosphere interface and how it influences global biogeochemical cycles. She is a member of the international Panel on Chemical Pollutants (IPCC), the United Nations pool of experts for the World Ocean Assessment Report, a Fulbright Specialist and a member of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Dr. Edward C. Monahan has, during his 50-plus-year academic career, focused his research almost exclusively on the field and laboratory study of oceanic whitecaps and their roles in marine aerosol production and air-sea gas transfer. All of the four books he has edited, or co-edited, to date are devoted to these topics, including his first such effort, which he edited with G. MacNiocaill, Oceanic Whitecaps, and Their Role in Air-Sea Exchange Processes, and which appeared in 1986. He has taught Oceanography at such universities as the University of Michigan, University College, Galway (now the National University of Ireland, Galway), and the University of Connecticut.
1. Chapter 1 Introduction - P. Vlahos
Part 1 Whitecap Parameterizations
Chapter 2 Parameterizing Coverage using Sea Surface Imagery - B. Scanlon, B. Ward, C. O'Dowd and S.G. Jennings
Chapter 3 Estimates of Whitecap Wave Breaking Energy Dissipation Rate from Measurements of Whitecap Coverage - A.H. Callaghan
Chapter 4 Inferences to be Drawn from a Consideration of Power-Law Descriptions of Multiple Data Sets Each Comprised of Whitecap Coverage, WB and 10m-Elevation Wind Speed Measurements - G. Hooker, S.E. Brumer, C.J. Zappa, and E.C. Monahan
Chapter 5 Wave Breaking and Spray - L. Cavaleri
Chapter 6 Measurements of Air-Side Shear- and Wave-Induced Viscous Stress over Strongly Forced, Young Wind Waves - K.Yousfi, F. Veron, and M.P. Buckley
Part 2 Whitecaps and Gas Transfer
Chapter 7 What Controls Air-Sea Gas Exchange at Extreme Wind Speeds? Evidence from Laboratory Experiments - B. Jaehne.
Chapter 8 Studying the Role of Gas Bubbles on Air-Sea Gas Transfer Using Computer Models - J-H. Liang
Chapter 9 The role of physical chemical properties of gases in whitecap facilitated Gas Transfer - P. Vlahos, E.C. Monahan
Chapter 10 Sea Spray and gas transfer - A. Staniec, P. Vlahos, E.C. Monahan
Part 3 Whitecaps and Remote Sensing
Chapter 11 Global Whitecap Coverage from Satellite Remote Sensing and Wave Modelling - M.S. Anguelova
Chapter 12 The Case for Measuring Whitecaps Using Ocean Color and Initial Linkages to Subsurface Physics - A. Cifuentes-Lorenzen, and K. Randolph
Chapter 13 Bright Oceans: Spectral differentiation of whitecaps, sea ice, plastics, and other flotsam - H.M. Dierssen and S.P. Garaba
Part 4 A Historical Perspective by E.C. Monahan
Chapter 14 Twixt Wind and Waves: A first-person account of the early years of the study of oceanic whitecaps - E.C. Monahan