Geological Carbon Storage

Subsurface Seals and Caprock Integrity
 
 
Standards Information Network (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 12. November 2018
  • |
  • 364 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-11866-4 (ISBN)
 

Geological Carbon Storage Subsurface Seals and Caprock Integrity

Seals and caprocks are an essential component of subsurface hydrogeological systems, guiding the movement and entrapment of hydrocarbon and other fluids. Geological Carbon Storage: Subsurface Seals and Caprock Integrity offers a survey of the wealth of recent scientific work on caprock integrity with a focus on the geological controls of permanent and safe carbon dioxide storage, and the commercial deployment of geological carbon storage.

Volume highlights include:

  • Low-permeability rock characterization from the pore scale to the core scale
  • Flow and transport properties of low-permeability rocks
  • Fundamentals of fracture generation, self-healing, and permeability
  • Coupled geochemical, transport and geomechanical processes in caprock
  • Analysis of caprock behavior from natural analogues
  • Geochemical and geophysical monitoring techniques of caprock failure and integrity
  • Potential environmental impacts of carbon dioxide migration on groundwater resources
  • Carbon dioxide leakage mitigation and remediation techniques

Geological Carbon Storage: Subsurface Seals and Caprock Integrity is an invaluable resource for geoscientists from academic and research institutions with interests in energy and environment-related problems, as well as professionals in the field.



Stéphanie Vialle, Curtin University, Australia

Jonathan Ajo-Franklin, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA

J. William Carey, Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA

weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Stephanie Vialle, Curtin University, Australia

Jonathan Ajo-Franklin, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA

J. William Carey, Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA
  • Intro
  • TITLE PAGE
  • COPYRIGHT PAGE
  • CONTENTS
  • CONTRIBUTORS
  • PREFACE
  • PART I CAPROCK CHARACTERIZATION
  • CHAPTER 1 MICROSTRUCTURAL, GEOMECHANICAL, AND PETROPHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SHALE CAPROCKS
  • 1.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2. SHALE PRESERVATION
  • 1.3. MINERALOGY AND MICROSTRUCTURE
  • 1.4. GEOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES
  • 1.5. POROSITY AND PERMEABILITY
  • 1.6. DIELECTRIC METHODS
  • 1.7. DISCUSSION
  • 1.8. SUMMARY
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 2 TRANSPORT IN TIGHT ROCKS
  • 2.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2.2. POROSITY AND DIFFUSION PROPERTIES
  • 2.3. PERMEABILITY
  • 2.4. ENTRY PRESSURE AND TWO-PHASE PROPERTIES
  • 2.5. CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 3 PORE-TO-CORE CHARACTERIZATION OF SHALE MULTIPHYSICS
  • 3.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 3.2. BACKGROUND
  • 3.3. OPTICAL, EPIFLUORESCENCE, AND LASER CONFOCAL MICROSCOPY
  • 3.4. X-RAY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY: IMAGING MULTIPHYSICS IN SITU
  • 3.5. ELECTRON BEAM METHODS
  • 3.6. NEUTRON SCATTERING METHODS
  • 3.7. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF REPRESENTATIVE VOLUME ELEMENTS
  • 3.8. PUTTING IT BACK TOGETHER: UPSCALING TO CORE SCALE
  • 3.9. CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 4 ANALYSIS OF THE PORE STRUCTURES OF SHALE USING NEUTRON AND X-RAY SMALL ANGLE SCATTERING
  • 4.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 4.2. SHALE CHARACTERISTICS RELEVANT TO SEAL INTEGRITY
  • 4.3. SCATTERING METHODS FOR ANALYSIS OF PORE STRUCTURES
  • 4.4. PUBLISHED WORK
  • 4.5. OM POROSITY EVOLUTION DUE TO SHALE REACTIONS
  • 4.6. SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • PART II FRACTURE GENERATION, PERMEABILITY, AND GEOCHEMICAL REACTIONS IN DAMAGED SHALE
  • CHAPTER 5 FRACTURE INITIATION, PROPAGATION, AND PERMEABILITY EVOLUTION
  • 5.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 5.2. CONTAINMENT OF FLUID-DRIVEN FRACTURES
  • 5.3. REACTIVATION OF EXISTING FRACTURES AND FAULTS
  • 5.4. FRACTURE PERMEABILITY AND LEAKAGE
  • 5.5. DISCUSSION
  • 5.6. CONCLUDING REMARKS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 6 EFFECT OF FRACTURE DENSITY ON EFFECTIVE PERMEABILITY OF MATRIX-FRACTURE SYSTEM IN SHALE FORMATIONS
  • 6.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 6.2. NUMERICAL METHOD
  • 6.3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
  • 6.4. CONCLUSION
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 7 GAS-WATER-MINERAL REACTIVITY IN CAPROCKS: MEASUREMENTS, ESTIMATES, AND OBSERVATIONS
  • 7.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 7.2. GEOCHEMICAL REACTIVITY
  • 7.3. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
  • 7.4. FUTURE DIRECTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 8 FLUID-ROCK INTERACTIONS IN CLAY-RICH SEALS: IMPACT ON TRANSPORT AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
  • 8.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 8.2. TRANSPORT OF CO2 AND CO2-SATURATED WATER
  • 8.3. SEAL REACTIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR FLOW AND DEFORMATION
  • 8.4. EXAMPLES FROM SEALING UNITS IN THE NORTH SEA
  • 8.5. CONCLUDING REMARKS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 9 COUPLED PROCESSES IN A FRACTURED REACTIVE SYSTEM: A DOLOMITE DISSOLUTION STUDY WITH RELEVANCE TO GCS CAPROCK INTEGRITY
  • 9.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 9.2. PRIOR EXPERIMENTS
  • 9.3. MODELS FOR COUPLED PROCESSES IN FRACTURES
  • 9.4. CONTEXT FOR OUR STUDY
  • 9.5. MATERIALS AND EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE
  • 9.6. ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES
  • 9.7. RESULTS
  • 9.8. DISCUSSION
  • 9.9. CONCLUSION
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 10 LEAKAGE PROCESSES IN DAMAGED SHALE: IN SITU MEASUREMENTS OF PERMEABILITY, CO2 SORPTION BEHAVIOR, AND ACOUSTIC PROPERTIES
  • 10.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 10.2. CAPROCK INTEGRITY FAILURE
  • 10.3. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF FRACTURE PERMEABILITY IN SHALE
  • 10.4. CO2 SORPTION BEHAVIOR IN SHALE
  • 10.5. ACOUSTIC PROPERTIES OF THE CO2-SHALE SYSTEM
  • 10.6. CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • PART III MONITORING CAPROCK FAILURE
  • CHAPTER 11 IN-ZONE AND ABOVE-ZONE PRESSURE MONITORING METHODS FOR CO2 GEOLOGIC STORAGE
  • 11.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 11.2. PRESSURE MONITORING ADVANTAGES AND CHALLENGES
  • 11.3. IN-ZONE PRESSURE MONITORING
  • 11.4. ABOVE-ZONE PRESSURE MONITORING
  • 11.5. NETWORK OPTIMIZATION AND DETECTION UNDER UNCERTAINTY
  • 11.6. SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 12 MONITORING AND MODELING CAPROCK INTEGRITY AT THE IN SALAH CARBON DIOXIDE STORAGE SITE, ALGERIA
  • 12.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 12.2. STRUCTURAL SETTING AND BASELINE DATA
  • 12.3. PLANNED MONITORING
  • 12.4. CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 13 EVALUATION OF PERFLUOROCARBONS (PFCS) AS TRACERS FOR CO2 CONTAINMENT AND MIGRATION MONITORING
  • 13.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 13.2. INJECTION STRATEGIES
  • 13.3. ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT THE BEHAVIOR OF PFC TRACERS
  • 13.4. LIMITATIONS AND CONCERNS OF USING PFC TRACERS
  • 13.5. QUANTIFICATION OF PFC SORPTION WITHIN SEDIMENTS
  • 13.6. SAMPLING METHODOLOGIES AND CALCULATION TO DETERMINE CO2 LEAKAGE RATE
  • 13.7. SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • PART IV ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES
  • CHAPTER 14 MIGRATION AND LEAKAGE OF CO2 FROM DEEP GEOLOGICAL STORAGE SITES
  • 14.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 14.2. MECHANISMS FOR FLUID ESCAPE FROM RESERVOIRS
  • 14.3. NATURAL ANALOGUES FOR FLUID LEAKAGE
  • 14.4. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 15 A REVIEW OF STUDIES EXAMINING THE POTENTIAL FOR GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATION FROM CO2 SEQUESTRATION
  • 15.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 15.2. POTENTIAL FOR LEAKAGE OF CO2 FROM RESERVOIRS AND SHALLOW GROUNDWATER
  • 15.3. POTENTIAL HAZARDS AND RISKS OF CO2 LEAKAGE INTO SHALLOW GROUNDWATER
  • 15.4. MONITORING FOR CO2 LEAKAGE
  • 15.5. REGULATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES
  • 15.6. SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE GAPS
  • 15.7. SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 16 REVIEW OF CO2 LEAKAGE MITIGATION AND REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES
  • 16.1. INTRODUCTION
  • 16.2. LEAKAGE PATHWAYS
  • 16.3. MITIGATION AND REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES
  • 16.4. SYNTHESIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • INDEX
  • EULA

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