This edited volume concerns childhood throughout South America after the 1990s, a period and territory of special complexity marked by the beginning-or intensification of-political neoliberalisation throughout the region. The decade also saw the ratification of the International Convention on Rights of the Child and post-dictatorial processes of political and social democratisation. The editors of this book explore the tension this juxtaposition has generated between logics and processes of dissimilar orientations. Within this framework, chapters investigate the neoliberalisation and institutionalisation of children's rights and consider similarities and differences with respect to other regions. They also explore changes in schools and educational systems, as well as the phenomenon of the internal and external child and family migration.
Ana Vergara del Solar is Associate Professor in the School of Psychology, Universidad de Santiago, Chile.
Valeria Llobet is Professor in the School of Humanities, Universidad de San Martin, Argentina. She is also a researcher at National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina.
Maria Letícia Nascimento is Associate Professor in the School of Education, University of São Paulo, Brazil.
1. South American Childhoods Since the 1990s: Between Neoliberalisation and the Expansion of Rights. An IntroductionPart I - Situating the Children's Rights Approach: Discursive and Material Conflicts in South American Scenarios
2. Rights Activism, Judicial Practices, and Interpretative Codes: Children in Family Justice (Argentina, 1990-2015)3. The Problems of Child Labour: International Agents Versus Local Contexts4. Early Childhood and Neoliberalisation in Colombia: True Discussions, Government Rationality, and Conducting BehaviourPart II - South American Schools: The Inner and Outer Courtyards of the Educational Systems in Neoliberalised Contexts5. The Pedagogical Bond in the Managerial Organization of Chilean Schools6. Life Courses of Out-of-School Adolescents: Neoliberalism, Vulnerabilities, and Violation of the Right to Education in Peru7. Participation Rights in Brazilian Schools: Towards the Politicization of Intergenerational Relationships?Part III - South American Childhoods, Migration and Neoliberalisation: The Search for Less Precarious Scenarios8. Children and the Migratory Process in Ecuador Between 1999 and 2009: From Financial Crisis' Trauma to the Promises of the Rule of Law9. Venezuelan Children on the Move in Ecuador: Fragile Lives of Risk and Hope10. Back and Forth: From Women to Childhood11. Concluding Remarks