Advances in Cattle Welfare

 
 
Woodhead Publishing
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 28. November 2017
  • |
  • 282 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-08-102276-4 (ISBN)
 

Advances in Cattle Welfare provides a targeted overview of contemporary issues in dairy and beef cattle welfare. The volume addresses welfare-related topics in both research and on-farm applications.

Opening with an introduction to cattle production systems, the book covers the three major areas of cattle welfare; on-farm welfare assessment, behavioral priorities of cattle and novel perspectives on specific aspects of management. Chapters examine the key issues within each area, including such topics as the goals and measures included in welfare assessments, the importance to cattle of access to pasture and engaging in social behavior, human-animal interactions, painful procedures, and disease and metabolic challenge.

This book is an essential part of the wider ranging series Advances in Farm Animal Welfare, with coverage of cattle, sheep and pigs.

With its expert editor and international team of contributors, Advances in Cattle Welfare is a key reference tool for welfare research scientists and students, veterinarians involved in welfare assessment, and indeed anyone with a professional interest in the welfare of cattle.

  • Brings together top researchers in the field to provide a comprehensive overview of recent advances in the understanding of cattle welfare and management
  • Analyzes welfare issues for both dairy and beef cattle of all ages
  • Examines the issues from the perspective of what will be most important for the animal's overall welfare, from housing systems to feeding
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Elsevier Science
  • 4,48 MB
978-0-08-102276-4 (9780081022764)
008102276X (008102276X)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Advances in Cattle Welfare
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • List of Contributors
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • The vision
  • The contents
  • 1 Overview of cattle production systems
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Dairy cattle production systems
  • 1.2.1 Confinement housing for adult dairy animals
  • 1.2.2 Pasture systems for adult dairy animals
  • 1.2.3 Housing for young dairy animals
  • 1.3 Beef cattle production systems
  • 1.3.1 Cow/calf production system
  • 1.3.2 Stocker production system
  • 1.3.3 Feedlot production system
  • 1.4 Cattle handling
  • 1.5 Euthanasia
  • 1.6 Transportation issues
  • 1.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • 2 Assessment of cattle welfare: Common animal-based measures
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Does the measurable outcome reflect the welfare status of the animal?
  • 2.2.1 Lameness
  • 2.2.2 Hygiene and cleanliness
  • 2.2.3 Injuries
  • 2.2.4 Body condition
  • 2.3 Scoring reliability and repeatability
  • 2.4 How do we set a goal and benchmark the population?
  • 2.5 What is the correct sample size and how do we sample?
  • 2.5.1 Random distributed sampling
  • 2.5.2 Targeted within-group sampling
  • 2.5.3 Select group sampling and sub-sampling
  • 2.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • 3 Assessment of cattle welfare: approaches, goals, and next steps on farms
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Composition of cattle welfare-assessment protocols and respective drivers
  • 3.3 Towards valid and well-structured risk assessment
  • 3.4 Implementation of measures and the study of subsequent improvements
  • 3.5 Conveying information and inducing change: A complex task
  • 3.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • 4 Human-animal interactions: effects, challenges, and progress
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Human caretaker impact on cattle health and welfare in production settings
  • 4.2.1 Stockmanship
  • 4.2.2 Understanding the cattle fear response in the context of human and animal interactions
  • 4.2.3 Changes in cattle health, behavior, and welfare as a result of human caretaker interaction
  • 4.3 Effects of human-animal interaction on animal caretakers
  • 4.3.1 Animal caretaker safety
  • 4.3.2 Animal caretaker job satisfaction and retention
  • 4.3.3 Impact of performing psychologically stressful tasks
  • 4.4 Developing, monitoring, and verifying human-animal interactions
  • 4.4.1 Developing the animal caretaker
  • 4.4.2 Monitoring and verifying employee behavior
  • 4.5 Animal welfare assessments and methods to evaluate human-animal interactions
  • 4.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • 5 Cattle priorities: feed and water selection, ability to move freely and to access pasture
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Feed and water preferences
  • 5.2.1 Motivation to forage and access roughage
  • 5.2.2 Dietary preferences and selection
  • 5.2.3 Water consumption and palatability
  • 5.3 Freedom of movement
  • 5.3.1 Effects of space restriction
  • 5.3.2 Motivation to move freely
  • 5.3.3 Motivation to access pasture
  • 5.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • 6 The role of social behavior in cattle welfare
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.1.1 Overview of social behavior of cattle
  • 6.1.2 Animal welfare concerns
  • 6.1.3 Goals of this chapter
  • 6.2 Social bonds, separation, and isolation
  • 6.2.1 The maternal-filial bond
  • 6.2.1.1 Separation from the dam in dairy production
  • 6.2.1.2 Separation from dam in beef production
  • 6.2.2 Responses to brief periods of separation from the group and social isolation
  • 6.3 Individual housing
  • 6.3.1 Milk-fed dairy calves in pens and hutches
  • 6.3.2 Use of tether stalls
  • 6.4 Group housing-competition and aggression
  • 6.4.1 Effects of group size, group composition, and regrouping
  • 6.4.1.1 Group size
  • 6.4.1.2 Group composition
  • 6.4.1.3 Regrouping
  • 6.4.2 Effect of space allowance
  • 6.4.3 Social priorities around parturition
  • 6.4.4 Abnormal social behavior in group housing
  • 6.4.4.1 Cross-sucking
  • 6.4.4.2 Excessive mounting behavior
  • 6.5 Conclusions
  • 6.5.1 Cow-calf separation: Understanding risk associated with separation at various ages and knowing more about ways to mit...
  • 6.5.2 Calf housing: Pairs versus more complex options
  • 6.5.3 Buffering effects of social contact during regrouping across ages
  • 6.5.4 Group composition and abnormal behavior
  • References
  • 7 Painful procedures: When and what should we be measuring in cattle?
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Acute nociceptive pain (intraoperative phase)
  • 7.2.1 Neurobiology
  • 7.2.2 Management methods
  • 7.2.2.1 Local anesthesia
  • 7.2.2.2 General anesthesia
  • 7.2.2.3 Sedation
  • 7.2.2.4 Cognitive modulation
  • 7.2.2.5 Electroacupuncture
  • 7.2.2.6 Multimodal therapy
  • 7.2.3 What we do and don't know about acute pain
  • 7.2.3.1 Identification marking
  • 7.2.3.2 Electroejaculation
  • 7.2.3.3 Abdominal surgery
  • 7.2.3.4 Claw surgery
  • 7.2.3.5 Liver biopsy
  • 7.2.3.6 Eye surgery
  • 7.2.3.7 Teat surgery
  • 7.2.3.8 Injections
  • 7.2.4 Future directions
  • 7.3 Inflammatory pain (healing stage)
  • 7.3.1 Neurobiology
  • 7.3.2 Management methods
  • 7.3.2.1 NSAIDs
  • 7.3.2.2 Opioids
  • 7.3.2.3 When and for how long is pain relief needed?
  • 7.3.3 What we do and don't know about inflammatory pain
  • 7.3.3.1 Castration
  • 7.3.3.2 Disbudding/dehorning
  • 7.3.3.3 Other procedures
  • 7.3.4 Future directions
  • 7.4 Neuropathic pain (posthealing)
  • 7.4.1 Neurobiology
  • 7.4.2 Management methods
  • 7.4.2.1 Anticonvulsants
  • 7.4.2.2 Antidepressants
  • 7.4.2.3 Opioids
  • 7.4.2.4 Cannabinoids
  • 7.4.2.5 Euthanasia
  • 7.4.3 What we do and don't know about neuropathic pain
  • 7.4.4 Future directions
  • 7.5 Inter-individual differences in pain
  • 7.5.1 Age
  • 7.5.2 Neonatal adverse experiences
  • 7.5.3 Concurrent procedures
  • 7.5.4 States of attention and arousal
  • 7.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • 8 Disease and injury: Beyond current thinking about top causes of cattle morbidity
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Section A: Examining prevalence, severity, and duration to estimate the magnitude of welfare concern for the most commo...
  • 8.2.1 Prevalence
  • 8.2.2 Severity
  • 8.2.3 Duration
  • 8.3 Section B: Prevention, diagnosis and treatment - barriers and opportunities
  • 8.3.1 Prevention and predisposing factors to disease
  • 8.3.2 Diagnosis
  • 8.3.2.1 Automated technology for disease diagnosis
  • 8.3.3 Treatment
  • 8.3.3.1 NSAID use in disease treatment
  • 8.3.3.2 Treatment in organic systems
  • 8.3.3.3 Euthanasia, unassisted death and live removal as endpoints for diseased cattle
  • 8.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • 9 Metabolic challenge: how does it affect welfare?
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Metabolic challenges
  • 9.2.1 The high-performance animal: increased metabolic output over generations
  • 9.2.2 Nutritional challenges
  • 9.2.2.1 Acidosis
  • 9.2.2.2 Negative energy balance
  • 9.2.2.3 Ketosis (acetonemia)
  • 9.3 Macro mineral metabolism
  • 9.3.1 Hypocalcemia (milk fever)
  • 9.3.2 Hypomagnesemia (grass tetany)
  • 9.4 Climate challenges
  • 9.5 Growth-promoting technologies
  • 9.5.1 Beta agonists
  • 9.5.2 Recombinant bovine somatotropin (rBST)
  • 9.5.3 Hormonal growth promotants (HGP)
  • 9.6 Future trends
  • 9.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Index
  • Back Cover

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