Victorian Cosmopolitanism and English Catholicity in the Mid-Century Novel argues that the Creedal doctrines of "the communion of saints" and the "holy Catholic Church" provided Victorian novelists-both Roman Catholic and Protestant-with a means of exploring religious forms of cosmopolitanism. Building on research exploring the divisions between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism in Victorian literature and culture, Teresa Huffman Traver considers the extent to which anti-Catholicism, domesticity, and national identity were linked. Huffman Traver connects this research with cosmopolitan theory, and analyzes how the conception of Catholicity could be used to reach beyond national identity towards a transnational community. Investigating the idea of a "rooted" cosmopolitanism, grounded in the local and limited in scope, this Pivot book offers a new angle on how religion, domesticity, and national identity were constructed in nineteenth-century British culture.
Teresa Huffman Traver is Associate Professor of English at The California State University, Chico, USA. She specializes in Victorian literature and children's literature. Her work has appeared in Literature/Film Quarterly, Victorian Review, and Women's Writing.
One: Introduction: "A Home for the Lonely" 4I. "One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church" 5II. Home, Church, Nation and Beyond 13III. Nineteenth-Century Religious Controversy 19IV. Catholicity and Literature 22Two: Shipwrecks, House-fires, and Mourning Rings 30I. Uniting the Divided House 31II. Into the Bear-garden 41III. "Communion with a Heretic" 48Three: Losing a Family, Gaining a Church 57I. Converts and Broken Homes: From Oxford to Rome and the Connelly Case 58II. Critiquing the Domestic Ideal 75III. Beyond Home and Homeland 82Four: Conversion, Duality, and Vocation: The Perpetual Curate 93I. History, Conversion, and Betrayal 96II. The Convert as Dualist: The Case of Gerald Wentworth 100III. Duplicity and Disguise: Jesuits in Carlingford? 105IV. Lucy, Frank, and "The Great Work" 111Five: "Home by Michaelmas": Yonge's Tractarian Domestic 123I. The Home, the Church, and the World 124II. Constructing the Tractarian Domestic 128III. "I believe in the Communion of Saints" 135Six: Conclusion: "Desire of Nations" 146