This edited volume revisits the idea of the Western Hemisphere. First articulated by Arthur P. Whitaker in 1954 but with origins in the earlier work of Herbert E. Bolton, it is the idea that "the peoples of this Hemisphere stand in a special relationship to one another which sets them apart from the rest of the word" (Whitaker, 1954). For most scholars of US-Latin American relations, this is a curious concept. They often conceptualize US-Latin American relations through the prism of realism and interventionism. While this volume does not deny that the United States has often acted as an imperial power in Latin America, it is unique in that it challenges scholars to re-think their preconceived notions of inter-American relations and explores the possibility of a common international society for the Americas, especially in the realm of international relations. Unlike most volumes on US-Latin American relations, the book develops its argument in an interdisciplinary manner, bringing together different approaches from disciplines including international relations, global and diplomatic history, human rights studies, and cultural and intellectual history.
Juan Pablo Scarfi received his PhD in 2014 from the University of Cambridge, UK. He was a Visiting Scholar at University College London (Institute of the Americas), UK, and Columbia University, USA. He is the author of El imperio de la ley: James Brown Scott y la construcción de un orden jurídico interamericano (2014).
Andrew R. Tillman is a Senior Research Associate at the White House, USA.
Cooperation and Hegemony in U.S.-Latin American Relations: An Introduction; Juan Pablo Scarfi and Andrew Tillman
PART I: DISCIPLINARY FOUNDATIONS AND APPROACHES TO U.S.-LATIN AMERICAN RELATIONS: BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND HISTORY
1. Another American Social Science: International Relations in the Western Hemisphere; Charles Jones
2. Commonality, Specificity and Difference: Histories and Historiography of The Americas; Tanya Harmer
PART II: PAN-AMERICANISM AND THE IDEA OF THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE
3. The 'Vanguard of Pan-Americanism': Chile and Inter-American Multilateralism in the Early 20th Century; Mark Jeffrey Petersen
4. Hemisphere, Region and Nation: Spatial Conceptions in U.S. Hispanic American History; Ricardo D. Salvatore
PART III: HUMAN RIGHTS, INTERNATIONAL LAW AND THE INTER-AMERICAN SYSTEM
5. Pan-American Legal Designs: The Rise and Decline of American International Law in the Western Hemisphere, 1911-1933; Juan Pablo Scarfi
6. The Inter-American Human Rights System and U.S.-Latin American Relations; Par Engstrom