Multi-Level Democracy

Integration and Independence Among Party Systems, Parties, and Voters in Seven Federal Systems
 
 
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 2. September 2020
  • |
  • 264 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-257000-0 (ISBN)
 
All federal systems face an internal tension between divisive and integrative political forces, striking a balance between providing local autonomy and sub-national representation on one hand, and maintaining an integrated political community and sufficient integration to maintain stability on the other hand. This book argues that parties and voters strategically respond to the incentives of federal institutional design to shape the development of arenas of political competition that are either predominantly independent or integrated across levels of the federation. Drawing on a rich collection of original data, including a dataset of aggregate level electoral data from over 2200 federal and state-level elections in seven federations, as well as the author's original dataset on party organizational linkage from a survey of sub-national party elites, this book demonstrates how two aspects of institutional design - the degree of decentralization and the method of power allocation, affect the development of integrated or independent politics as observed through voter behaviour, party systems and party organization. Using a mixed method research design, it demonstrates how voters and parties react to federal institutional design. It also provides nuance in the causal processes at play, demonstrating how party organization, party system structure and voter behaviour interact, to produce a federalism that is predominantly integrating and stability-enhancing or one that is predominantly autonomy- and accountability-enhancing. Comparative Politics is a series for researchers, teachers, and students of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu. The series is edited by Susan Scarrow, Chair of the Department of Political Science, University of Houston, and Jonathan Slapin, Professor of Political Institutions and European Politics, Department of Political Science, University of Zurich.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 1,81 MB
978-0-19-257000-0 (9780192570000)
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Lori Thorlakson is a Professor in the Department of Political Science, University of Alberta. Her research interests include party competition and democratic development in the post-communist member states of the European Union. She has published articles in numerous scholarly journals such as the European Journal of Political Research, West European Politics, Party Politics, the Journal of Common Market Studies, and the Journal of European Public Policy.
  • Cover
  • Multi-Level Democracy
  • Copyright
  • Acknowledgements
  • Contents
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • 1 Shaping Multi-Level Democracy
  • 1.1 The Theoretical Relevance of the Argument
  • 1.2 Argument of the Book
  • 1.3 Cases, Data, and Method
  • 1.3.1 Case Selection
  • 1.3.2 Data
  • 1.3.3 Research Design: Dealing with Time, Contextual Effects, and Institutional Invariance
  • 1.4 Structure of the Book
  • 2 Integrated and Independent Politics
  • 2.1 The Concept of Integrated and Independent Politics
  • 2.2 How Integrated or Independent Politics Affects the Normative Justifications for Federalism
  • 2.2.1 Representation and Democratic Linkage
  • 2.2.2 Integration and Stability
  • 2.3 Party Organizational Linkage
  • 2.3.1 Vertical Integration and Autonomy
  • 2.3.2 Why Party Organization Is Affected by State Structure
  • 2.4 Party System Linkage
  • 2.4.1 Party System Congruence
  • 2.4.2 Explaining Party System Congruence
  • 2.4.3 Horizontal Linkage: Party System Nationalization
  • 2.4.4 Explaining Party System Nationalization
  • 2.5 Voter Behaviour: 'Second-Order' Elections or 'Separate Worlds' of Competition?
  • 2.5.1 Explaining Barometer Voting and Dual Accountability
  • 2.6 Conclusion
  • 3 Federal Institutional Design Structuring Power in the State
  • 3.1 Why Federal Institutional Design Matters
  • 3.2 Rules that Allocate Resources between Federal and State Levels
  • 3.2.1 Decentralization: How Much Is 'At Stake'
  • 3.3 Rules that Separate or Fuse Subnational and Federal Decision-Making
  • 3.3.1 Financial Autonomy
  • 3.3.2 How Rules Fuse or Separate Legislative and Administrative Power
  • 3.3.3 Legislative Autonomy and Interdependence
  • 3.3.4 Administrative Interdependence
  • 3.4 Empirical Patterns of Power Allocation in Federations
  • 3.5 Conclusion
  • 4 Party Organizational Linkage
  • 4.1 Explaining Party Choices about Integration and Autonomy
  • 4.1.1 Theoretical Explanations of Vertical Integration and Subnational Party Autonomy
  • 4.2 Measuring Vertical Integration and Autonomy
  • 4.2.1 Structural Integration
  • 4.2.2 Upward Vertical Integration, Downward Vertical Integration, and Cooperation
  • 4.2.3 Shared Goals and Aims
  • Ideological Congruence
  • 4.2.4 Autonomy
  • 4.2.5 Data and Methods
  • 4.3 Findings: Explaining Vertical Integration and Autonomy
  • 4.3.1 Patterns of Resource and Service Provision, Cooperation, and Competition
  • 4.3.2 Explaining the Impact of Federal Institutional Design on Vertical Integration and Autonomy
  • 4.4 Cross-National Patterns of Vertical Integration
  • 4.5 Conclusion
  • 5 Party System Linkage Congruence and Nationalization
  • 5.1 How Institutional Design Affects System-Level Integrated Politics
  • 5.1.1 The Impact of Fiscal Decentralization
  • 5.1.2 The Impact of Constitutional Allocation of Competences
  • 5.1.3 Competing Explanations
  • 5.2 Measuring Party System Congruence
  • 5.2.1 Uniformity of a Party's Electoral Support
  • 5.2.2 Uniformity of a Party's Electoral Swing
  • 5.2.3 Similarity of the Party System Structure
  • 5.3 Analysis and Results
  • 5.3.1 Aggregate Analysis: Evaluating the Relationship between Federal Design and Party System Congruence
  • 5.3.2 Within-Country Analysis
  • 5.4 Horizontal Linkage: Party System Nationalization
  • 5.4.1 Findings
  • 5.4.2 Explaining Territorial Concentration of the Federal Party System
  • 5.5 Conclusion
  • 6 Voter Behaviour
  • 6.1 Standard Accounts of Political Behaviour in Multi-Level Systems
  • 6.1.1 Challenging Standard Accounts: The Role of Institutional and Political Context
  • 6.2 Evidence of Linkage or Independence: Barometer Effects and Regional Economic Voting
  • 6.2.1 Evidence of Integration: Barometer Voting
  • 6.2.2 Evidence of Independence: Regional Economic Voting
  • 6.3 Micro-Level Mechanisms: Partisanship and Political Linkage
  • 6.3.1 Empirical Patterns of Inconsistent Partisanship in the Canadian Provinces
  • 6.4 Conclusion
  • 7 Institutional Configurations and Linkage Formation
  • 7.1 Applying Configurational Analysis to Identify Linkage Patterns
  • 7.1.1 How These Forms of Linkage Empirically Combine and Interact
  • 7.1.2 Refining Our Concept of Linkage: Conceptual Revision and Creating Macrovariables
  • 7.2 Institutional Pathways to Political Linkage
  • 7.2.1 Pathways to Territorial Concentration and Structural Incongruence
  • 7.2.2 Pathways to Party Integration
  • 7.2.3 Pathways to 'Less Institutionalized' Political Linkage
  • 7.3 Case Studies: Spain, Canada, Germany
  • 7.3.1 Spain: Persistent Linkage in a Plurinational Polity
  • 7.3.2 Canada: Institutionalization of Autonomy
  • 7.3.3 Germany: Persistence of Integrated Politics
  • 7.4 Conclusion
  • 8 Towards a Theory of Political Development in Multi-Level Systems
  • 8.1 A Theory of Political Development in Multi-Level Systems
  • 8.2 Key Findings
  • 8.2.1 Party Organizational Linkage
  • 8.2.2 Party System Linkage
  • 8.2.3 Voter Behaviour and Partisanship
  • 8.3 Configurations and Processes
  • 8.4 Future Directions and Implications for Political Development in Multi-Level Systems
  • 8.4.1 Future Directions for Research
  • Appendix
  • A1.0 Chapter 4 Appendix
  • A1.1 Survey Questionnaire: Party Organization in Multi-Level Systems: An International Survey of Party Elites
  • A1.2 List of Variables in Chapter 4
  • A1.3 Results of OLS Regression Analysis
  • A2.0 Chapter 5 Appendix
  • A2.1 Data Sources
  • A2.2 Measuring Party System Congruence and Territorial Concentration
  • A2.3 Regression Analysis Results
  • A3.0 Chapter 7 Appendix
  • A3.1 Definition of Sets
  • A3.2 Full Truth Table Solutions to Pathways Identified in this Analysis
  • A3.3 List of Interviews
  • Bibliography
  • Federal Democracy Index

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