Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians - E-Book

 
 
Mosby (Verlag)
  • 5. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 23. März 2016
  • |
  • 456 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-323-35601-5 (ISBN)
 

Covering essential principles of anesthesia administration and pain management in small and large animals, Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians, 5th Edition is completely updated with the latest drugs and techniques. This entry-level practical resource prepares you to properly administer anesthesia with the most up-to-date information on pre-anesthetic preparation of the patient, induction procedures, monitoring animals' vital signs during the anesthetic period, and postoperative care. Dive into interesting discussions of actions and side effects of anesthetic agents; the physiology of respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure; emergency response; anesthetic equipment; and specialized techniques - and take a more integrated approach to learning techniques for anesthesia administration with the text's expertly illustrated step-by-step procedures.

    • Comprehensive coverage of lab animals and large and small animals makes this an excellent resource for veterinary students and technicians.
    • Two large animal anesthesia chapters cover pain management and anesthetic techniques for equine, ruminant, camelid, and swine patients.
    • Procedures boxes offer clear step-by-step guidelines, with sequential, high-quality color photos, for performing common procedures during each phase of an anesthetic event.
    • Reference tables and boxes facilitate rapid access to information like fluid administration rates, properties of anesthetic drugs, oxygen flow rates, anesthetic protocols, and normal and abnormal monitoring parameters.
    • Vet Tech Threads help you grasp key content and include pedagogical aids, such as: introductions, suggested readings, boxed Technician Notes, learning objectives, chapter outlines, key terms, and a glossary.
    • Glossary at the end of the text provides you with accurate, concise definitions.
    • Evolve site provides you with additional interactive assets that reinforce what you learn in the text.
      • NEW! Updated drug information, equipment, and techniques keep you up-to-date on the latest advances in the field.
      • NEW! Content on camelid anesthesia prepares you to properly treat llamas and alpacas.
      • Englisch
      • St Louis
      • |
      • USA
      Elsevier Health Sciences
      • 16,52 MB
      978-0-323-35601-5 (9780323356015)
      032335601X (032335601X)
      weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
      • Front Cover
      • Procedures
      • Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians
      • Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians
      • Copyright
      • Dedication
      • Contributor
      • PREFACE
      • Contents
      • 1 - Introduction to Anesthesia
      • A BRIEF HISTORY OF ANESTHESIA
      • TERMINOLOGY OF ANESTHESIA
      • THE VETERINARY TECHNICIAN'S ROLE IN THE PRACTICE OF ANESTHESIA
      • KEY POINTS
      • REVIEW QUESTIONS
      • 2 - Patient Preparation
      • COMMUNICATION-A KEY TO SUCCESS
      • THE MINIMUM PATIENT DATABASE
      • PATIENT HISTORY
      • CONFIRMATION OF THE SCHEDULED PROCEDURE
      • OBTAINING A PATIENT HISTORY
      • OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
      • PHYSICAL EXAMINATION AND PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT
      • PATIENT IDENTIFICATION
      • BODY WEIGHT
      • BODY CONDITION SCORE
      • ASSESSMENT OF HYDRATION
      • LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS
      • PAIN SCORE
      • BODY TEMPERATURE
      • GENERAL CONDITION
      • EXAMINATION OF EXTERIOR SURFACES
      • CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM EXAMINATION
      • RESPIRATORY SYSTEM EXAMINATION
      • ABDOMINAL PALPATION AND AUSCULTATION
      • PREANESTHETIC DIAGNOSTIC WORKUP
      • COMPLETE BLOOD CELL COUNT
      • URINALYSIS
      • BLOOD CHEMISTRY TESTS
      • BLOOD COAGULATION SCREENS
      • ELECTROCARDIOGRAM
      • RADIOGRAPHY
      • MISCELLANEOUS TESTS
      • DETERMINATION OF THE PHYSICAL STATUS CLASSIFICATION
      • SELECTION OF THE ANESTHETIC PROTOCOL
      • FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE SELECTION
      • FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT
      • FAMILIARITY WITH THE AGENT
      • NATURE OF THE PROCEDURE
      • CIRCUMSTANCES SPECIFIC TO THE PROCEDURE
      • COST
      • DEGREE OF URGENCY
      • PREINDUCTION PATIENT CARE
      • WITHHOLDING FOOD BEFORE ANESTHESIA
      • PATIENT STABILIZATION
      • INTRAVENOUS CATHETERIZATION
      • REASONS FOR INTRAVENOUS CATHETERIZATION
      • CHOOSING AND PLACING AN INTRAVENOUS CATHETER
      • FLUID ADMINISTRATION
      • COMPOSITION OF BODY FLUIDS
      • FLUID HOMEOSTASIS
      • FLUID NEEDS DURING ANESTHESIA
      • CLASSIFICATION OF INTRAVENOUS FLUIDS
      • CRYSTALLOID SOLUTIONS
      • COLLOID SOLUTIONS
      • HEMOGLOBIN-BASED OXYGEN CARRIERS
      • INTRAVENOUS FLUID SELECTION AND ADMINISTRATION RATES
      • ISOTONIC CRYSTALLOIDS
      • HYPERTONIC SALINE
      • COLLOIDS
      • ADVERSE EFFECTS OF FLUID ADMINISTRATION
      • CALCULATING FLUID ADMINISTRATION RATES
      • OTHER PREANESTHETIC CARE
      • KEY POINTS
      • CASE 2-1
      • CASE 2-2
      • 3 - Anesthetic Agents and Adjuncts
      • INTRODUCTION TO ANESTHETIC AGENTS AND ADJUNCTS
      • AGONISTS, PARTIAL AGONISTS, MIXED AGONIST-ANTAGONISTS, AND ANTAGONISTS
      • EFFECTS OF ANESTHETIC AGENTS AND ADJUNCTS
      • ANALGESIC EFFECTS OF ANESTHETICS AND ADJUNCTS
      • USING DRUGS IN COMBINATION
      • REGULATORY CONSIDERATIONS FOR CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
      • RECORD-KEEPING
      • ORDERING CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
      • STORAGE REQUIREMENTS FOR CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
      • PRESCRIBING CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
      • PREANESTHETIC MEDICATIONS
      • REASONS FOR THE USE OF PREANESTHETIC MEDICATIONS
      • ANTICHOLINERGICS
      • MODE OF ACTION AND PHARMACOLOGY
      • EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS INVOLVING MAJOR ORGAN SYSTEMS
      • Central Nervous System
      • Cardiovascular System
      • Respiratory System
      • OTHER EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • USE OF ANTICHOLINERGICS
      • TRANQUILIZERS AND SEDATIVES
      • PHENOTHIAZINES
      • Effects and Adverse Effects Involving Major Organ Systems
      • Central Nervous System
      • Cardiovascular System
      • Respiratory System
      • Other Effects and Adverse Effects
      • BENZODIAZEPINES
      • Effects and Adverse Effects involving Major Organ Systems
      • Central Nervous System
      • Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems
      • Other Effects and Adverse Effects
      • ALPHA2-ADRENOCEPTOR AGONISTS
      • Effects and Adverse Effects Involving Major Organ Systems
      • Central Nervous System
      • Cardiovascular System
      • Respiratory System
      • Other Effects and Adverse Effects
      • ALPHA2-ANTAGONISTS
      • OPIOIDS
      • MODE OF ACTION AND PHARMACOLOGY
      • EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS INVOLVING MAJOR ORGAN SYSTEMS
      • Central Nervous System
      • Cardiovascular System
      • Respiratory System
      • OTHER EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • USE OF OPIOIDS
      • NEUROLEPTANALGESIA
      • OPIOID ANTAGONISTS
      • INJECTABLE ANESTHETICS, DISSOCIATIVES, AND ADJUNCTS
      • PROPOFOL
      • MODE OF ACTION AND PHARMACOLOGY
      • EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS INVOLVING MAJOR ORGAN SYSTEMS
      • Central Nervous System
      • Cardiovascular System
      • Respiratory System
      • OTHER EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • USE OF PROPOFOL
      • HANDLING AND STORAGE
      • ETOMIDATE
      • MODE OF ACTION AND PHARMACOLOGY
      • EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS INVOLVING MAJOR ORGAN SYSTEMS
      • Central Nervous System
      • Cardiovascular System
      • Respiratory System
      • OTHER EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • USE OF ETOMIDATE
      • ALFAXALONE
      • MODE OF ACTION AND PHARMACOLOGY
      • EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • USE OF ALFAXALONE
      • BARBITURATES
      • DISSOCIATIVE ANESTHETICS
      • MODE OF ACTION AND PHARMACOLOGY
      • EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS INVOLVING MAJOR ORGAN SYSTEMS
      • Cardiovascular System
      • Respiratory System
      • OTHER EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • USE OF DISSOCIATIVE ANESTHETICS
      • GUAIFENESIN
      • MODE OF ACTION AND PHARMACOLOGY
      • EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS INVOLVING MAJOR ORGAN SYSTEMS
      • OTHER EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • USE OF GUAIFENESIN
      • INHALATION ANESTHETICS
      • DIETHYL ETHER
      • HALOGENATED ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
      • MODE OF ACTION AND PHARMACOLOGY
      • EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS INVOLVING MAJOR ORGAN SYSTEMS
      • Central Nervous System
      • Cardiovascular System
      • Respiratory System
      • OTHER EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
      • USE OF HALOGENATED ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
      • Other Halogenated Agents
      • NITROUS OXIDE
      • CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AND RESPIRATORY STIMULANTS
      • DOXAPRAM
      • MODE OF ACTION AND PHARMACOLOGY
      • EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • USE OF DOXAPRAM
      • KEY POINTS
      • REVIEW QUESTIONS
      • 4 - Anesthetic Equipment
      • ENDOTRACHEAL TUBES AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
      • ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE PARTS
      • LARYNGOSCOPES
      • Supraglottic Airway Devices
      • ANESTHETIC MASKS
      • ANESTHETIC CHAMBERS
      • ANESTHETIC MACHINES
      • COMPONENTS OF THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE
      • COMPRESSED GAS SUPPLY
      • COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDERS
      • TANK PRESSURE GAUGE
      • PRESSURE-REDUCING VALVE (PRESSURE REGULATOR)
      • LINE PRESSURE GAUGE
      • FLOWMETER
      • OXYGEN FLUSH VALVE
      • ANESTHETIC VAPORIZER
      • DESCRIPTION AND FUNCTION
      • TYPES OF ANESTHETIC VAPORIZER
      • FACTORS AFFECTING VAPORIZER OUTPUT
      • USE
      • SAFETY
      • VAPORIZER INLET PORT
      • VAPORIZER OUTLET PORT AND COMMON GAS OUTLET (FRESH GAS OUTLET)
      • BREATHING CIRCUIT
      • SCAVENGING SYSTEM
      • REBREATHING SYSTEMS
      • REBREATHING CIRCUITS
      • FRESH GAS INLET
      • UNIDIRECTIONAL VALVES
      • POP-OFF VALVE
      • RESERVOIR BAG
      • CARBON DIOXIDE ABSORBER CANISTER
      • PRESSURE MANOMETER
      • AIR INTAKE VALVE (NEGATIVE PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE)
      • BREATHING TUBES AND Y-PIECE
      • NON-REBREATHING SYSTEMS
      • NON-REBREATHING CIRCUITS
      • MAGILL CIRCUIT (MAPLESON A SYSTEM)
      • LACK CIRCUIT (MODIFIED MAPLESON A SYSTEM)
      • BAIN COAXIAL CIRCUIT (MODIFIED MAPLESON D SYSTEM)
      • UNIVERSAL CONTROL ARM
      • AYRE'S T-PIECE (MAPLESON E SYSTEM)
      • JACKSON-REES CIRCUIT AND NORMAN MASK ELBOW (MAPLESON F SYSTEMS)
      • OPERATION OF THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE
      • DAILY SETUP
      • CHOOSING A MACHINE
      • MACHINE ASSEMBLY
      • CHECKING OXYGEN AND ANESTHETIC LEVELS
      • CHOICE OF REBREATHING VERSUS NON-REBREATHING SYSTEM
      • CHECKING THE LOW-PRESSURE SYSTEM FOR LEAKS
      • ADJUSTING THE POP-OFF VALVE
      • CHOICE OF CARRIER GAS FLOW RATES
      • FLOW RATES DURING MASK OR CHAMBER INDUCTION
      • FLOW RATES WHEN USING A SEMICLOSED REBREATHING SYSTEM
      • FLOW RATES WHEN USING A CLOSED REBREATHING SYSTEM
      • FLOW RATES WHEN USING A NON-REBREATHING SYSTEM
      • SUMMARY
      • CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF ANESTHETIC EQUIPMENT
      • ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
      • COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDERS
      • TANK AND LINE PRESSURE GAUGES, PRESSURE MANOMETER, AND THE OXYGEN FLUSH VALVE
      • PRESSURE-REDUCING VALVE
      • FLOWMETERS
      • VAPORIZER
      • VAPORIZER INLET PORT, OUTLET PORT, COMMON GAS OUTLET, AND FRESH GAS INLET
      • UNIDIRECTIONAL VALVES
      • POP-OFF VALVE
      • RESERVOIR BAG, BREATHING TUBES, AND Y-PIECE
      • CARBON DIOXIDE ABSORBER CANISTER
      • DISINFECTING ANESTHETIC EQUIPMENT
      • 5 - Workplace Safety
      • WASTE ANESTHETIC GAS
      • MEASUREMENT OF WASTE ANESTHETIC GAS
      • WASTE ANESTHETIC GAS LEVELS IN THE VETERINARY HOSPITAL
      • DURATION OF ANESTHESIA
      • FLOW RATE OF CARRIER GAS (I.E., OXYGEN AND NITROUS OXIDE IF USED)
      • ANESTHETIC MACHINE MAINTENANCE
      • USE OF AN EFFECTIVE SCAVENGING SYSTEM
      • ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUES USED
      • ROOM VENTILATION
      • ANESTHETIC SPILLS
      • HAZARDS OF EXPOSURE TO WASTE ANESTHETIC GAS
      • SHORT-TERM EFFECTS
      • LONG-TERM EFFECTS
      • REDUCING EXPOSURE TO WASTE ANESTHETIC GAS
      • USE OF A SCAVENGING SYSTEM
      • EFFECTIVE WORKPLACE PRACTICES
      • EQUIPMENT LEAK TESTING
      • ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES
      • MONITORING WASTE GAS LEVELS
      • HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH COMPRESSED GASES
      • FIRE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
      • USE AND STORAGE OF COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDERS
      • ACCIDENTAL EXPOSURE TO INJECTABLE AGENTS
      • 6 - Anesthetic Monitoring
      • INTRODUCTION TO MONITORING
      • STAGES AND PLANES OF ANESTHESIA
      • OVERVIEW OF ANESTHETIC STAGES AND PLANES
      • STAGE I-PERIOD OF VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT
      • STAGE II-PERIOD OF INVOLUNTARY MOVEMENT
      • STAGE III-PERIOD OF SURGICAL ANESTHESIA
      • STAGE IV-PERIOD OF ANESTHETIC OVERDOSE
      • FINDING THE OPTIMUM DEPTH
      • DETERMINING WHETHER OR NOT THE PATIENT IS SAFE
      • INDICATORS OF CIRCULATION
      • HEART RATE
      • HEART RHYTHM
      • Instruments used to Monitor Heart Rate and Rhythm
      • CAPILLARY REFILL TIME
      • BLOOD PRESSURE
      • INDICATORS OF OXYGENATION
      • MUCOUS MEMBRANE COLOR
      • PHYSIOLOGY OF OXYGEN TRANSPORT
      • PULSE OXIMETER
      • PULSE OXIMETER
      • BLOOD GAS ANALYSIS
      • INDICATORS OF VENTILATION
      • RESPIRATORY RATE
      • TIDAL VOLUME
      • RESPIRATORY CHARACTER
      • APNEA MONITOR
      • CAPNOGRAPH (END-TIDAL CO2 MONITOR)
      • BLOOD GAS ANALYSIS
      • BODY TEMPERATURE
      • ASSESSMENT OF ANESTHETIC DEPTH
      • REFLEXES AND OTHER INDICATORS OF ANESTHETIC DEPTH
      • REFLEXES
      • OTHER INDICATORS OF ANESTHETIC DEPTH
      • JUDGING ANESTHETIC DEPTH
      • RECORDING INFORMATION DURING ANESTHESIA
      • CASE 6-1
      • CASE 6-2
      • CASE 6-3
      • CASE 6-4
      • 7 - Special Techniques
      • LOCAL ANESTHESIA
      • LOCAL ANESTHETIC AGENTS
      • CHARACTERISTICS OF LOCAL ANESTHETICS
      • MECHANISM OF ACTION
      • ROUTE OF ADMINISTRATION OF LOCAL ANESTHETICS
      • TOPICAL USE
      • INFILTRATION
      • INTRAARTICULAR ADMINISTRATION
      • REGIONAL ANESTHESIA
      • SYSTEMIC ADMINISTRATION
      • ADVERSE EFFECTS OF LOCAL ANESTHETICS
      • ASSISTED AND CONTROLLED VENTILATION
      • VENTILATION IN THE AWAKE ANIMAL
      • VENTILATION IN THE ANESTHETIZED ANIMAL
      • TYPES OF CONTROLLED VENTILATION
      • MANUAL VENTILATION
      • MECHANICAL VENTILATION
      • RISKS OF CONTROLLED VENTILATION
      • NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKING AGENTS
      • 8 - Analgesia
      • THE NATURE OF PAIN
      • PHYSIOLOGY OF PAIN
      • NOCICEPTION
      • CONSEQUENCES OF UNTREATED PAIN
      • SIGNS OF PAIN IN ANIMALS
      • PAIN ASSESSMENT TOOLS
      • ASSESSING RESPONSE TO THERAPY
      • PERIOPERATIVE PAIN MANAGEMENT
      • PHARMACOLOGIC ANALGESIC THERAPY
      • OPIOID AGENTS
      • OPIOID AGENTS USED FOR MODERATE TO SEVERE PAIN
      • USE OF OPIOID INJECTIONS TO TREAT POSTOPERATIVE PAIN
      • INTRAVENOUS INFUSION OF OPIOIDS
      • INTRAARTICULAR USE OF OPIOIDS
      • EPIDURAL USE OF OPIOIDS
      • TRANSDERMAL USE OF OPIOIDS
      • NONSTEROIDAL ANTIINFLAMMATORY DRUGS
      • MECHANISM OF ACTION
      • ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • OTHER ANALGESIC AGENTS
      • LOCAL ANESTHETICS
      • ALPHA2-ADRENOCEPTOR AGONISTS
      • KETAMINE
      • TRAMADOL
      • TRANQUILIZERS
      • GABAPENTIN
      • AMANTADINE
      • CORTICOSTEROIDS
      • OTHER ANALGESIC ADJUNCTS
      • MULTIMODAL THERAPY
      • HOME ANALGESIA
      • NURSING CARE
      • NONPHARMACOLOGIC THERAPIES
      • 9 - Canine and Feline Anesthesia
      • INTRODUCTION TO CANINE AND FELINE ANESTHESIA
      • PATIENT PREPARATION
      • SELECTING A PROTOCOL
      • SUMMARY OF A GENERAL ANESTHETIC PROCEDURE
      • ANESTHETIC INDUCTION WITH AN INTRAMUSCULAR AGENT OR COMBINATION
      • ANESTHETIC INDUCTION WITH AN INTRAVENOUS INJECTION OF AN ULTRASHORT-ACTING AGENT TO EFFECT
      • TOTAL INTRAVENOUS ANESTHESIA BY INTRAVENOUS BOLUSES OF AN ULTRASHORT-ACTING AGENT
      • TOTAL INTRAVENOUS ANESTHESIA BY CONSTANT RATE INFUSION
      • INDUCTION AND MAINTENANCE WITH AN INHALANT AGENT
      • INTRAVENOUS INDUCTION AND MAINTENANCE WITH AN INHALANT AGENT
      • EQUIPMENT PREPARATION
      • PREMEDICATION OR SEDATION
      • ANESTHETIC INDUCTION
      • INTRAVENOUS INDUCTION
      • INHALATION AGENTS
      • MASK INDUCTION
      • CHAMBER INDUCTION
      • INTRAMUSCULAR INDUCTION
      • OTHER INDUCTION TECHNIQUES
      • ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
      • EQUIPMENT FOR ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
      • SELECTING AN ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE
      • PREPARING THE TUBE
      • INTUBATION PROCEDURE
      • CHECKING FOR PROPER PLACEMENT
      • SECURING THE TUBE
      • CUFF INFLATION
      • LARYNGOSPASM
      • COMPLICATIONS OF INTUBATION
      • PLACEMENT OF SUPRAGLOTTIC AIRWAY DEVICES
      • MAINTENANCE OF ANESTHESIA
      • MAINTENANCE WITH AN INHALANT AGENT
      • MAINTENANCE WITH REPEAT IV BOLUSES OF PROPOFOL OR ANOTHER ULTRASHORT-ACTING AGENT
      • MAINTENANCE WITH A CONSTANT RATE INFUSION
      • MAINTENANCE WITH INJECTABLE AND INHALANT AGENTS
      • MAINTENANCE WITH AN INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION
      • PATIENT POSITIONING, COMFORT, AND SAFETY
      • ANESTHETIC RECOVERY
      • ANESTHETIST'S ROLE IN THE RECOVERY PERIOD
      • SIGNS OF RECOVERY
      • MONITORING
      • OXYGEN THERAPY
      • EXTUBATION
      • POSTANESTHETIC PERIOD
      • 10 - Equine Anesthesia
      • INTRODUCTION TO EQUINE ANESTHESIA
      • PATIENT PREPARATION
      • SELECTING A PROTOCOL
      • SUMMARY OF A GENERAL ANESTHETIC PROCEDURE
      • EQUIPMENT PREPARATION
      • PREMEDICATION OR SEDATION
      • STANDING CHEMICAL RESTRAINT
      • ANESTHETIC INDUCTION
      • INTRAVENOUS INDUCTION
      • INHALATION INDUCTION VIA NASOTRACHEAL TUBE
      • ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
      • EQUIPMENT FOR ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
      • SELECTING AN ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE
      • PREPARING THE TUBE
      • INTUBATION PROCEDURE
      • COMPLICATIONS OF INTUBATION
      • MAINTENANCE OF ANESTHESIA
      • MAINTENANCE WITH AN INHALANT AGENT
      • MAINTENANCE WITH INTRAVENOUS AGENTS, OR TIVA
      • MAINTENANCE WITH INJECTABLE AND INHALANT AGENTS
      • PATIENT POSITIONING, COMFORT, AND SAFETY
      • ANESTHETIC RECOVERY
      • PREPARATION FOR RECOVERY
      • MONITORING DURING RECOVERY
      • SIGNS OF RECOVERY
      • EXTUBATION
      • STANDING AFTER REGAINING CONSCIOUSNESS
      • THE POSTANESTHETIC PERIOD
      • 11 - Anesthesia of Ruminants, Camelids, and Swine
      • INTRODUCTION TO RUMINANT ANESTHESIA
      • PATIENT PREPARATION
      • SELECTING A PROTOCOL
      • SUMMARY OF A GENERAL ANESTHETIC PROCEDURE
      • EQUIPMENT PREPARATION
      • PREMEDICATION OR SEDATION
      • ANESTHETIC INDUCTION
      • INTRAVENOUS INDUCTION
      • ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
      • EQUIPMENT FOR ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
      • SELECTING AN ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE
      • PREPARING THE TUBE
      • INTUBATION PROCEDURE
      • SMALL RUMINANTS AND CALVES
      • ADULT CATTLE
      • MAINTENANCE OF ANESTHESIA
      • MAINTENANCE OF ANESTHESIA WITH INHALANT
      • INTRAVENOUS MAINTENANCE OF ANESTHESIA
      • PATIENT POSITIONING, COMFORT, AND SAFETY
      • ANESTHETIC RECOVERY
      • PREPARATION FOR RECOVERY
      • MONITORING DURING RECOVERY
      • SIGNS OF RECOVERY
      • EXTUBATION
      • THE POSTANESTHETIC PERIOD
      • INTRODUCTION TO CAMELID ANESTHESIA
      • PATIENT PREPARATION
      • SELECTING A PROTOCOL
      • SUMMARY OF A GENERAL ANESTHETIC PROCEDURE
      • MAINTENANCE OF ANESTHESIA
      • PATIENT POSITIONING, COMFORT, AND SAFETY
      • ANESTHETIC RECOVERY
      • INTRODUCTION TO SWINE ANESTHESIA
      • PATIENT PREPARATION
      • PREMEDICATION OR SEDATION
      • ANESTHETIC INDUCTION
      • ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
      • MAINTENANCE OF ANESTHESIA
      • MONITORING
      • PORCINE STRESS SYNDROME
      • PATIENT POSITIONING, COMFORT, AND SAFETY
      • ANESTHETIC RECOVERY
      • 12 - Rodent and Rabbit Anesthesia
      • PATIENT EVALUATION
      • HANDLING AND RESTRAINT
      • MOUSE
      • RAT
      • HAMSTER
      • GERBIL
      • GUINEA PIG
      • RABBIT
      • PHYSICAL EXAMINATION OF SMALL MAMMALS
      • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
      • PREANESTHETIC PATIENT CARE
      • WITHHOLDING FOOD BEFORE ANESTHESIA
      • CORRECTION OF PREEXISTING PROBLEMS
      • PREANESTHETIC AGENTS
      • ANTICHOLINERGICS
      • PHENOTHIAZINES
      • BENZODIAZEPINES
      • ALPHA2 ADRENORECEPTOR AGONISTS
      • OPIOIDS
      • GENERAL ANESTHESIA
      • INDUCTION TECHNIQUES AND AGENTS
      • CYCLOHEXAMINE AGENTS
      • NEUROLEPTANALGESICS
      • BARBITURATES
      • PROPOFOL
      • ALPHAXALONE
      • INHALATION ANESTHETICS
      • SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDED TECHNIQUES
      • INTUBATION AND MAINTENANCE OF ANESTHESIA
      • MONITORING
      • POSTOPERATIVE CARE
      • ANESTHETIC EMERGENCIES
      • RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION
      • CIRCULATORY FAILURE
      • ANALGESIA
      • PAIN ASSESSMENT IN SMALL MAMMALS
      • ANALGESIC AGENTS
      • OPIOIDS
      • NONSTEROIDAL ANTIINFLAMMATORY DRUGS
      • LOCAL ANESTHETICS
      • CHRONIC PAIN
      • ADMINISTRATION OF ANALGESICS
      • 13 - Anesthetic Problems and Emergencies
      • WHY ANESTHETIC PROBLEMS AND EMERGENCIES ARISE
      • HUMAN ERROR
      • INADEQUATE TRAINING
      • LACK OF FAMILIARITY WITH THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE OR ANESTHETIC AGENTS
      • FAILURE TO ADEQUATELY PREPARE THE PATIENT
      • DRUG ADMINISTRATION ERRORS
      • ERRORS CAUSED BY FATIGUE, HASTE, OR INATTENTION
      • EQUIPMENT-RELATED ISSUES
      • MISASSEMBLY OF THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE
      • CARBON DIOXIDE ABSORBENT EXHAUSTION
      • FAILURE OF THE OXYGEN SUPPLY
      • ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE PROBLEMS
      • VAPORIZER PROBLEMS
      • POP-OFF VALVE PROBLEMS
      • ADVERSE EFFECTS OF ANESTHETIC AGENTS
      • ANESTHESIA OF HIGH-RISK PATIENTS
      • NEONATAL AND PEDIATRIC PATIENTS
      • FACTORS THAT PUT NEONATAL AND PEDIATRIC PATIENTS AT INCREASED RISK
      • MANAGEMENT OF FLUID AND BLOOD GLUCOSE BALANCE
      • DRUG PROTOCOLS FOR NEONATAL AND PEDIATRIC PATIENTS
      • OTHER CONSIDERATIONS IN PEDIATRIC AND NEONATAL PATIENTS
      • GERIATRIC PATIENTS
      • FACTORS THAT PUT GERIATRIC PATIENTS AT INCREASED RISK
      • DRUG PROTOCOLS FOR GERIATRIC PATIENTS
      • OTHER CONSIDERATIONS IN GERIATRIC PATIENTS
      • OBESE ANIMALS
      • BRACHYCEPHALIC DOGS
      • FACTORS THAT PUT BRACHYCEPHALIC PATIENTS AT INCREASED RISK
      • DRUG PROTOCOLS FOR BRACHYCEPHALIC DOGS
      • MANAGEMENT DURING THE RECOVERY PERIOD
      • SIGHTHOUNDS
      • CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
      • PREANESTHETIC MANAGEMENT
      • DRUG PROTOCOLS FOR PATIENTS WITH CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
      • OTHER CONSIDERATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
      • RESPIRATORY DISEASE
      • PREANESTHETIC MANAGEMENT
      • ANESTHETIC MANAGEMENT
      • POSTANESTHETIC MANAGEMENT
      • HEPATIC DISEASE
      • DRUG PROTOCOLS FOR PATIENTS WITH HEPATIC DISEASE
      • RENAL DISEASE
      • CAESAREAN SECTION
      • TRAUMA PATIENTS
      • DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA
      • COMMON ANESTHETIC PROBLEMS AND EMERGENCIES
      • ROLE OF THE VETERINARY TECHNICIAN IN EMERGENCY CARE
      • EMERGENCY SITUATIONS THAT MAY ARISE DURING ANESTHESIA
      • ANIMALS THAT WILL NOT STAY ANESTHETIZED
      • ANIMALS THAT ARE TOO DEEPLY ANESTHETIZED
      • PALE MUCOUS MEMBRANES
      • PROLONGED CAPILLARY REFILL TIME OR HYPOTENSION
      • DYSPNEA AND/OR CYANOSIS
      • TACHYPNEA
      • ABNORMALITIES IN CARDIAC RATE AND RHYTHM
      • APNEA
      • RESPIRATORY ARREST
      • CARDIAC ARREST
      • CARDIOPULMONARY ARREST
      • CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION IN VETERINARY SPECIES
      • TERMINOLOGY OF CPR
      • PREPARATION FOR CPR
      • BASIC LIFE SUPPORT
      • ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT (ALS)
      • AFTERCARE
      • PROBLEMS THAT MAY ARISE IN THE RECOVERY PERIOD
      • REGURGITATION DURING ANESTHESIA AND POSTANESTHESIA VOMITING
      • POSTANESTHESIA SEIZURES AND EXCITEMENT
      • DYSPNEA DURING THE RECOVERY PERIOD
      • PROLONGED RECOVERY FROM ANESTHESIA
      • KEY POINTS
      • A - BARBITURATES
      • CLASSES OF BARBITURATE
      • ACTION AND PROPERTIES OF BARBITURATES
      • IONIZATION
      • PROTEIN BINDING
      • PHARMACODYNAMICS
      • USE OF BARBITURATES
      • EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS INVOLVING MAJOR ORGAN SYSTEMS
      • CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
      • CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
      • RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
      • OTHER EFFECTS AND ADVERSE EFFECTS
      • BARBITURATE DRUGS MOST COMMONLY USED FOR ANESTHESIA
      • THIOPENTAL
      • METHOHEXITAL
      • PENTOBARBITAL
      • B - Halothane
      • PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
      • C - Nitrous Oxide
      • PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF NITROUS OXIDE
      • EFFECTS OF NITROUS OXIDE ON MAJOR ORGAN SYSTEMS
      • CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
      • CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
      • RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
      • OTHER EFFECTS
      • RISKS OF USING NITROUS OXIDE
      • FIRE HAZARD
      • RISK OF HYPOXEMIA
      • DIFFUSION INTO AIR POCKETS
      • USE IN CLOSED (TOTAL) REBREATHING SYSTEMS
      • DIFFUSION HYPOXIA
      • WASTE ANESTHETIC GAS HAZARDS
      • NITROUS OXIDE STORAGE
      • NITROUS OXIDE DELIVERY
      • NITROUS OXIDE USE
      • OXYGEN DEPLETION AND NITROUS OXIDE ACCUMULATION
      • D - Use of Nonprecision Vaporizers
      • DESCRIPTION AND FUNCTION OF NONPRECISION VAPORIZERS
      • Use of Nonprecision Vaporizers
      • SAFETY
      • LACK OF TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION
      • LACK OF FLOW COMPENSATION
      • LACK OF BACK-PRESSURE COMPENSATION
      • NEED FOR VIGILANT MONITORING
      • INABILITY TO USE NON-REBREATHING SYSTEMS
      • E - Procedure for Operation of a Closed Rebreathing System
      • F - American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia Monitoring Guidelines Update, 2009
      • RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MONITORING ANESTHETIZED VETERINARY PATIENTS
      • POSITION STATEMENT
      • CIRCULATION
      • OBJECTIVE
      • METHODS
      • RECOMMENDATIONS
      • OXYGENATION
      • OBJECTIVE
      • METHODS
      • RECOMMENDATIONS
      • VENTILATION
      • OBJECTIVE
      • METHODS
      • RECOMMENDATIONS
      • TEMPERATURE
      • OBJECTIVE
      • METHODS
      • RECOMMENDATIONS
      • NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKADE
      • OBJECTIVE
      • METHODS
      • RECOMMENDATIONS
      • RECORD-KEEPING
      • OBJECTIVES
      • RECOMMENDATIONS
      • RECOVERY PERIOD
      • OBJECTIVE
      • METHODS
      • RECOMMENDATIONS
      • PERSONNEL
      • OBJECTIVE
      • RECOMMENDATIONS
      • SEDATION WITHOUT GENERAL ANESTHESIA
      • OBJECTIVE
      • METHODS
      • RECOMMENDATIONS
      • G - Equipment and Drugs for Use in an Emergency Crash Kit
      • H - Standard Volumes, Weights, Measures, and Equivalents
      • METRIC SYSTEM
      • PREFIXES
      • WEIGHT TO VOLUME EQUIVALENTS
      • VOLUME EQUIVALENTS
      • WEIGHT EQUIVALENTS
      • SOLUTION EQUIVALENTS
      • METRIC TO HOUSEHOLD EQUIVALENTS
      • WEIGHT
      • VOLUME
      • LENGTH
      • PRESSURE EQUIVALENTS
      • PRESSURE
      • CONVERSION TABLES
      • CONVERSION TABLE FOR A PRESSURE MANOMETER (CM H2O TO MM HG)
      • CONVERSION TABLE FOR GAS PRESSURE IN A COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDER (PSI TO KPA)
      • CONVERSION TABLE FOR ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE AND CATHETER INTERNAL DIAMETER (FRENCH TO MM)
      • CONVERSION TABLE FOR BODY TEMPERATURE (°F TO °C)
      • CONVERSION TABLE FOR BODY WEIGHT (LB TO KG)
      • Answer Key
      • CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO ANESTHESIA
      • CHAPTER 2: PATIENT PREPARATION
      • CHAPTER 3: ANESTHETIC AGENTS AND ADJUNCTS
      • CHAPTER 4: ANESTHETIC EQUIPMENT
      • CHAPTER 5: WORKPLACE SAFETY
      • CHAPTER 6: ANESTHETIC MONITORING
      • CHAPTER 7: SPECIAL TECHNIQUES
      • CHAPTER 8: ANALGESIA
      • CHAPTER 9: CANINE AND FELINE ANESTHESIA
      • CHAPTER 10: EQUINE ANESTHESIA
      • CHAPTER 11: ANESTHESIA OF RUMINANTS, CAMELIDS, AND SWINE
      • CHAPTER 12: RODENT AND RABBIT ANESTHESIA
      • CHAPTER 13: ANESTHETIC PROBLEMS AND EMERGENCIES
      • Glossary
      • Index
      • A
      • B
      • C
      • D
      • E
      • F
      • G
      • H
      • I
      • J
      • K
      • L
      • M
      • N
      • O
      • P
      • Q
      • R
      • S
      • T
      • U
      • V
      • W
      • X
      • Y

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