Theocritus of Syracuse (born c. 300 BCE,-died after 260 BCE) is remembered as the creator of ancient Greek bucolic poetry, though little is known of his life outside of his writings. He was probably born in Syracuse, in Italy, and lived for a time in Alexandria when he gained the patronage of Ptolemy Philadelphus. This lyric and pastoral poet wrote what was termed eidyllia ("idylls"), which means "little poems," that reflected the love he felt for his homeland. Theocritus was quite innovative, drawing themes and techniques from epic, archaic lyric, New Comedy and mime genres, often blurring the lines between cultural divisions. This edition contains the idylls, epigrams and epitaphs of Theocritus, which include his most famous stories about Daphnis, the mythological shepherd who died of unrequited love, and Cyclops, as well as poems to Hiero and Ptolemy. His poetry influenced such writers as Moschus of Syracuse, Virgil, John Milton and Percy Bysshe Shelley.
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- Title page
- IDYLL I. THE DEATH OF DAPHNIS.
- IDYLL II. THE SORCERESS.
- IDYLL III. THE SERENADE.
- IDYLL IV. THE HERDSMEN.
- IDYLL V. THE BATTLE OF THE BARDS.
- IDYLL VI. THE DRAWN BATTLE.
- IDYLL VII. HARVEST-HOME.
- IDYLL VIII. THE TRIUMPH OF DAPHNIS.
- IDYLL IX. PASTORALS.
- IDYLL X. THE TWO WORKMEN.
- IDYLL XI. THE GIANT'S WOOING
- IDYLL XII. THE COMRADES
- IDYLL XIII. HYLAS.
- IDYLL XIV. THE LOVE OF Ã?SCHINES.
- IDYLL XV. THE FESTIVAL OF ADONIS.
- IDYLL XVI. THE VALUE OF SONG.
- IDYLL XVII. THE PRAISE OF PTOLEMY.
- IDYLL XVIII. THE BRIDAL OF HELEN.
- IDYLL XIX. LOVE STEALING HONEY.
- IDYLL XX. TOWN AND COUNTRY
- IDYLL XXI. THE FISHERMEN.
- IDYLL XXII. THE SONS OF LEDA
- IDYLL XXIII. LOVE AVENGED
- IDYLL XXIV. THE INFANT HERACLES.
- IDYLL XXV. HERACLES THE LION SLAYER.
- IDYLL XXVI. THE BACCHANALS.
- IDYLL XXVII. A COUNTRYMAN'S WOOING.
- IDYLL XXVIII. THE DISTAFF.
- IDYLL XXIX. LOVES.
- IDYLL XXX. THE DEATH OF ADONIS.
- IDYLL XXXI. LOVES.
- FRAGMENT PROM THE "BERENICE.
- EPIGRAMS AND EPITAPHS.
- VII. For a Statue of Ã?sculapius.
- VIII. Ortho's Epitaph.
- IX. Epitaph of Cleonicus.
- X. For a Statue of the Muses.
- XI. Epitaph of Eusthenes.
- XII. For a Tripod Erected by Damoteles to Bacchus.
- XIII. For a Statue of Anacreon.
- XIV. Epitaph of Eurymedon.
- XV. Another.
- XVI. For a Statue of the Heavenly Aphrodite.
- XVII. To Epicharmus.
- XVIII. Epitaph of Cleita, Nurse of Medeius.
- XIX. To Archilochus.
- XX. Under a Statue of Peisander, Who Wrote the Labors of Heracles.
- XXI. Epitaph of Hipponax.
- XXII. On his own Book.