This book deals with the most emerging aspects of algal research with special reference to microalgae viz; diversity, mutations, genomics and metagenomics study, eco-physiology, culturing, microalgae for food and feed, biofuel production, harvesting of microalgae, separation, and purification of biochemicals, techno-economical assessment, microalgal biotechnology, algal-bacterial systems for wastewater treatment. It describes the complex issues associated with the above-mentioned areas with the intervention of cutting-edge biotechnological tools and techniques like next-generation sequencing methods, metabolomics, and bioreactor design and development. The chapters provide past developments, current information and future prospects of algal technology as an alternate avenue for waste water treatment and its potential for production of biofuel and nutraceuticals.
Prof. Sukla is at present research professor in Multi-Disciplinary Research Cell, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, India. He has worked as Chief Scientist and is heading the Bioresources Engineering Department in CSIR-IMMT, Bhubaneswar, India. He has more than 40 years of R&D experience in the area of Bio-mineral Processing, Hydrometallurgy, Algal biotechnology and has contributed over 176 research articles in International & National Journals in the area of biological science and other related fields. Further, he has published 4 books and has 11 patents. Under his guidance, seven students have been awarded the Ph.D. degree. Prof. Sukla is the recipient of several prestigious awards including Prof. S.R. Vyas Memorial Award for the year 2010 by Association of Microbiologists of India (AMI) towards his significant contribution to the Development of Microbiology in India, IIME Mineral Beneficiation Award: Academic /R&D for the year 2009 for his outstanding professional contribution to Mineral Engineering and Sita Ram Rungta Memorial Award-2007 of the Society of Geoscientists and Allied Technologists (SGAT) for the year 2007 for outstanding work in the field of bio-mineral processing. He is the Editorial board member of Scientific Reports, World Environment journal (Scientific & Academic Publishing) and International Journal of Nonferrous Metallurgy. He has become senior editor INGLOMAYOR magazine, Santiago (CHILE). He is the National Expert in Envis Centre on Environmental Biotechnology. Prof. Sukla has implemented different projects from Alcoa, USA, Ministry of Mines, DST, DBT, and MOEF of Govt. of India, and OMC, Govt. of Odisha. He has also served as Emeritus Scientist, CSIR, Emeritus Professor, AcSIR, New Delhi.
Dr. Enketeswara Subudhi, an alumnus of IIT, Kharagpur is currently working as Associate Professor in The Center of Biotechnology, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, India. He was awarded visiting fellowship by DST-SERB, New Delhi. He was designated as biopesticide expert to the government of Orissa by DFID. He has been handling various externally funded projects supported by DST and DBT, New Delhi. Dr. Subudhi has worked with the rural community for livelihood generation through biotechnology transfer. He was invited by Chinese academy of Science to present his research findings at Dalian, China. He has been working in Microbial Genomics and Metagenomics of environmental samples like hot springs, functional genomics based establishment of the mechanism behind the multi-drug resistance in clinical isolates, isolation, and characterization of bioactive principles in medicinal plants. He has published approximately one hundred articles in journals, book chapters, and seminars and submitted 83 new gene and genome sequences to the public databases.
Dr. Debabrata Pradhan is presently working as Assistant Professor in the Biofuels and Bioprocessing Research Center of Siksha 'O' Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar. He received his PhD from Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea, in 2011. After completing his PhD, he worked as Postdoctoral Research Fellow in different institutions like Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM) and Chungnam National University, South Korea. He is an expert in algal technology, wastewater treatment, ceramic materials synthesis, fuel cell, solid waste management, leaching (chemical and bio), and solvent extraction. He has more than 40 SCI journal publications and 1 granted patent to his credit. He is a life member of various professional societies.
Module 1_ Microalgae: A Panacea for Treatment of Diverse Industrial Wastes.- Chapter 1. Waste and Contaminated Water Treatment Using Microalgae.- Chapter 2. Phycoremediation Technology- Can It Address Major Issues in Conventional Systems?- Chapter 3. Microalgae Cultivation with Waste Remediation in a Biorefinery Framework.- Chapter 4. Arsenite-S-Adenosylmethionine Producing Spirulina Platensis! A New Trump Card on the Face of Global Arsenic Poisoning.- Chapter 5. Significance of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Concentration in Waste Water Treatment Using Microalgae.- Chapter 6. Cyanobacteria in Reducing Pollution Load from Waste Water and Laboratory Bio-Assay of Heavy Metals on Ecotoxicity Study - A Review.- Chapter 7. Microalgae as a Potential Radionuclides Absorber from Contaminated Water.- Chapter 8. Bioreduction of Hexavalent Chromium Using Microalgae.- Chapter 9. Micro-algae Dynamic Membrane Bioreactor for Dental Waste Water Treatment: An Efficient Eco-friendly Alternate.- Chapter 10. Algal-Bacterial System: A Novel Low-Cost Biotechnological Initiative in Waste Water Treatment.- Chapter 11. A New Way to Clean up The Rivers, Lakes.- Chapter 12. Analysis of Growth and Biochemical Contents of Microalgae Grown with Waste Water Effluent of Emami Paper Mill, Balasore.- Chapter 13. Microalgal Technology for Biosorption of Hexavalent Chromium in Contaminated Water Bodies: Opportunities and Challenges.- Chapter 14. Bioremediation of Chromium Using Algae From East Calcutta West Land.- Chapter 15. Low-Energy Waste Water Treatment Using High Rate Algal Ponds (HRAP).- Chapter 16. Bioremediation of Industrial Waste and Effluents by Microalgae. - Module 2_ Microalgae: Bio-agents for Green fuel production and Bioremediation.- Chapter 17. Bioremediation of Municipal Wastewater and Biodiesel Production by Cultivation of Parachlorella Kessleri-I.- Chapter 18. Technological and Economic Challenges in Photobioreactor Design for Microalgal Cultivation Vis-À-Vis Biofuel Production.- Chapter 19. Algal Biofuel: Still Not a Common Man's Fuel?- Chapter 20. Microalgae: The Future of Biofuels Towards Sustainable Development.- Chapter 21. Novel Process of Waste to Energy Through Micro-Algae.- Chapter 22. Biofuel Production from Municipal and Dairy Waste Water Treatment by Microalgae.- Chapter 23. Microalgae a Viable Source of Biofuel for Sustainable Development.- Chapter 24. Production of high Quality Biodiesel By Scenedesmus abundans.- Chapter 25. Development of Sustainable Anaerobic Digestion Bioprocess System for Biogas Production from Seaweeds of Indian Coast for Community Use.- Chapter 26. Microalgae: Gizmo to Heavy Metal Removal.- Chapter 27. Optimization of Low-cost Media and Study on Nutrient Consumption Rate Using Scenedesmus sp. as Model Microalgae for Sustainable Biofuel Production.- Chapter 28. Efficient Removal of Malachite Green Dye by Activated Carbon Derived From Fresh Water Algae.- Chapter 29. Integration of Microalgae Cultivation with Wastewater for Sustainable Biofuel Production. Module 3_ Microalgae: An alternate Biotechnological resource material.- Chapter 30. Carbon Fixation Ability of Microalgae Scenedesmus 25.- Chapter 31. Utilization of Steel Plant Waste (LD Slag) in CO2 Sequestration for Enhancing Growth of Microalgae Scenedesmus.- Chapter 32. Biosurfactants and Bio-Emulsifiers from Algae.- Chapter 33. Prospects and Applications of Microalgal Biotechnology.- Chapter 34. Algal and Bacterial Biosurfactants for Wastewater Treatment.- Chapter 35. Evaluation of Leptolyngbya/Pseudophormidium Sp. Biomass for Biomaterial Feedstock.- Chapter 36. Microalgae: An Untapped Resource of Natural Antimicrobials.- Chapter 37. Insecticides Toxicity on Indigenous Cyanobacteria from Alluvial Rice Fields.- Chapter 38. Microalgae: A Promising Alternative Source of Human Food Supplements.- Chapter 39. Biotechnological Potential of Cynobacteria and Microalgae of Chilika Lake.- Chapter 40. Brown algae: Challenges, Potential and Future Prospects.- Chapter 41. Characterization of Extracellular Proteins to Explore Their Role in Bioflocculattion for Harvesting Algal Biomass of Industrial Importance.- Chapter 42. Comparison of Fatty Acid Composition and Antioxidant Enzyme Level of Cladoceran (Moina Brachiata, Jurine, 1820) Fed with Algal Diet from Adyar River and Chengalpet Lake.- Module 4_ Microalgae: Metabolic and Genetic Engineering Prospective.- Chapter 43. Metabolic and Genetic Engineering Tools to Construct Transgenic Microalgae.- Chapter 44. Metabolic Engineering Prospects for Enhanced Green Fuel Production by Microalgae.- Chapter 45. Transgenic Microalgae: As Green Cell-Factories.- Module 5_ Microalgae: Biomics and Biodiversity.- Chapter 46. Role of Genomics in Molecular Farming of Microalgae.- Chapter 47. DNA Barcodes in Microalgae: A Meta-approach or Meta-science?- Chapter 48. Exploring the Diversity of Marine Planktonic Cyanobacterial Assemblages in a Mangrove Ecosystem- Integration of Uncultured and Cultured Approaches.- Chapter 49. Evaluation of the Fagopyrum esculentum moench and Fagopryrum tartaricumgaerth over the Central Region of the Republic of Chile.- Chapter 50. Shift in Structural and Functional Diversity of Algal Community: An Eco-Physiological Reason.- Chapter 51. Detection and Categorization of Marine Algae Using Under-water Sensor Networks and Image Processing Techniques.- Chapter 52. Clustering and Optimization of Waste Water Algae using Image Processing.- Module 6_ Microalgae: A Way Forward.- Chapter 53. Future Prospects of Microalgae in Waste Water Treatment.- Chapter 54. Perspectives of Microalgae Mediated Wastewater Treatment and Biomass Production.