Plant-parasitic nematodes are recognized as one of the greatest threats to crop production throughout the world. Estimated annual crop losses of $8 billion in the United States and $78 billion worldwide are attributed to plant parasitic nematodes. Plant parasitic nematodes not only cause damage individually but form disease-complexes with other microorganisms thereby increasing crop loss. Nematode diseases of crops are difficult to control because of their insidious nature and lack of specific diagnostic symptoms which closely resemble those caused by other plant pathogens and abiotic diseases. Future developments of sustainable management systems for preventing major economical agricultural losses due to nematodes is focused on strategies that limit production costs, enhance crop yields, and protect the environment. This book presents a first compendium and overview for nematode problems and their management across North America. Each chapter provides essential information on the occurrence and distribution of plant parasitic nematodes, their major crop hosts, impact on crop production and sustainable management strategies for each region of the continent including, Canada, Mexico and all states of the USA. For each region, a thematic overview of changes in crop production affected by plant parasitic nematodes and their management strategies over time will provide invaluable information on the important role of plant parasitic nematodes in sustainable agriculture.
Dr. Sergei A. Subbotin is presently working in the Plant Pest Diagnostics Center, California Department of Food and Agriculture, USA and has three association positions as Visiting Professor of the Gent University, Gent, Belgium; Senior Researcher, Center of Parasitology of A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Research Associate , Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, Davis, USA. He received his Ph.D. in 1987 in Helminthology (Nematology), K. I. Skrjabin Institute of Helminthology of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Moscow, Russia with a thesis entitled: "Histological and cytological changes in roots of plants induced by sedentary nematodes of the order Tylenchida". During his career, he worked as Scientist in several Research Institutions in Russia and also in UK, IACR-Rothamsted, Belgium, Agricultural Research Centre, Germany, Institut für Nematologie und Wirbeltierkunde, USA, University of California, Riverside. The research activities of Dr. Sergei. A. Subbotin are mainly focused on systematics and biology of plant parasitic nematodes, with special emphasis on molecular methods of diagnostics of these pests. He is the author of two books, twenty one chapters, more than 180 peer-review international publications and numerous oral and poster presentations in different national and international meetings. He serves as Editors or Member of Editorial Boards for Russian Journal of Nematology, Journal of Nematology, Nematology and ZooKeys and is a regular reviewer of manuscripts for many scientific journals.
Dr. John J. Chitambar is presently serving as State Primary Plant Pathologist/Nematologist, having held prior positions as Senior and Associate Plant Nematologist, at the California Department of Food and Agriculture, USA. In addition, he is an Research Associate at the Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, Davis, USA. He received his doctorate degree in 1983, in plant pathology from the University of California, Davis, with a research dissertation entitled, "Effects of Pratylenchus vulnus and Meloidogyne spp. on grape rootstocks, and life-history and morphology of P. vulnus". Following an Associate Scientist appointment at the Nematology Department, University of California, Riverside, Lecturerat the Biology Department, Allahabad Agricultural Institute, India, and a Post-doctorate appointment at the Nematology Department, University of California, Davis, he joined the State Department and continues there for the past thirty years. Dr. Chitambar's research work is primarily on taxonomy, morphology, and biology of plant parasitic and freeliving nematodes. He has authored one book, co-authored one chapter, 48 articles and several oral and poster presentations in nematological and science journals. He has addressed several nematological issues in government documentations including reports, advisories, training manuals, numerous pest risk assessments, as well as conducted regulatory nematology training workshops. Dr. Chitambar has served as Associate Editor for Journal of Nematology, and has reviewed numerous articles submitted for publication to various nematological and plant science journals and dissertations of doctorate candidates.
About the Editors
Chapter 1. Current State of Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Canada. Guy Bélair, Tom Forge, Benjamin Mimee, Mario Tenuta and Qing Yu.
Chapter 2. Plant Parasitic Nematodes of New England: Connecticut, Massachusetts and Rhode Island. James A. LaMondia, Robert L. Wick and Nathaniel A. Mitkowski
Chapter 3. Plant Parasitic Nematodes of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. George W. Bird, George S. Abawi and James A. LaMondia
Chapter 4. Nematodes and Nematologists of Michigan. George Bird and Fred Warner
Chapter 5. Nematodes of Agricultural Importance in Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, and Ohio. Andreas Westphal, John J. Chitambar and Sergei A. Subbotin
Chapter 6. Distribution and Importance of Plant Nematodes in Nebraska, Kansas and Colorado. Timothy Todd and Thomas Powers
Chapter 7. Biology, Ecology, and Management of Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Minnesota. Senyu Chen and Zane J. Grabau
Chapter 8. Nematodes Important to Agriculture in Wisconsin. Ann MacGuidwin
Chapter 9. Plant Parasitic Nematodes of North Dakota and South Dakota. Guiping Yan and Richard Baidoo
Chapter 10. Management of Plant Parasitic Nematode Pests in Florida. William Crow and Larry Duncan
Chapter 11. Nematodes of Agricultural Importance in North Carolina and South Carolina. Weimin Ye
Chapter 12. Plant parasitic nematodes of West Virginia and Virginia. Jon Eisenback
Chapter 13. Plant parasitic nematodes of Tennessee and Kentucky. Ernest C. Bernard
Chapter 14. Nematodes in Maryland and Delaware Crops. Ramesh R. Pokharel
Chapter 15. Plant Parasitic Nematodes of Georgia and Alabama. Abolfazl Hajihassani and Kathy Lawrence
Chapter 16. Important Plant Parasitic Nematodes of Row Crops in Arkansas, Lousiana and Mississippi. Travis Faske, Charles Overstreet, Gary Lawrence and Terry L. Kirkpatrick
Chapter 17. Plant Parasitic Nematodes of Economic Importance in Texas and Oklahoma. Terry A. Wheeler, Jason E. Woodward and Nathan R. Walker