Menelaus in the Archaic Period

Not Quite the Best of the Achaeans
 
 
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 6. August 2020
  • |
  • 384 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-150934-6 (ISBN)
 
While there have been many studies devoted to the major heroes and heroines of Homeric epic, among them Achilles, Odysseus, and Helen, the figure of Menelaus has remained notably overlooked in this strand of scholarship. Menelaus in the Archaic Period is the first book-length study of the Homeric character, taking a multidisciplinary approach to his depiction in archaic Greek poetry, art, and cult through detailed analysis of ancient literary, visual, and material evidence. The volume is divided into two parts, the first of which examines the portrayal of Menelaus in the Homeric poems as a unique 'personality' with an integral role to play in each narrative, as depicted through typical patterns of speech and action and through intertextual allusion. The second part explores his representation both in other poetry of the archaic period - including lyric poetry and Simonides' 'Plataea elegy ' - and also archaic art and local Sparta cult, drawing on the literary, archaeological, and inscriptional evidence for the cult of Menelaus with Helen at Therapne. The depiction of Menelaus in archaic art is a particular focal point: Chapter 4 provides a methodology for the interpretation of heroic narrative on archaic Greek vases through iconography and inscriptions and establishes his conventional visual 'identity' on black figure Athenian vases, while an annotated catalogue of images details those that fall outside the 'norm'. Menelaus emerges from this comprehensive study as a unique and likeable character whose relationship with Helen was a popular theme in both epic poetry and vase painting, but one whose portrayal evinced a significant narrative range, with an array of continuities and differences in how he was represented by the Greeks, not only within the archaic period but also in comparison to classical Athens.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
19 black-and-white illustrations
  • 54,91 MB
978-0-19-150934-6 (9780191509346)
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Anna R. Stelow is a researcher in ancient Greek literature at the University of Virginia. Her interests include Homer and archaic Greek poetry and heroic narrative in archaic Greek art.
  • Cover
  • Menelaus in the Archaic Period: Not Quite the Best of the Achaeans
  • Copyright
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Contents
  • List of Figures
  • Selected Abbreviations
  • Note on Citations
  • Introduction: Methods and Terms
  • The 'Homeric Question'
  • Orality, Traditional Referentiality, and Neoanalysis
  • Homeric Intertextuality and Methodologies of Allusion
  • Theories of Homeric Character Depiction
  • Character vs Personality
  • The 'Literary Self '
  • 'Boring' vs 'Interesting'
  • 'Mental Moulds' and Meaningful Repetition
  • Overview of Part I: Homer
  • Overview of Part II: Votaries, Painters, and Poets
  • PART I: HOMER
  • 1: The Iliad
  • The Language of Menelaus
  • The Story of Menelaus
  • Prologue and Entrance (Iliad 1-2)
  • Act 1 (Iliad 3-4)
  • Entr'actes (Iliad 5-11)
  • Act 2 (Iliad 13)
  • Entr'actes
  • Act 3: The Aristeia of Menelaus (Iliad 17)
  • Dénouement: Menelaus at the Curtain (Iliad 23)
  • 2: The Odyssey
  • Introduction: Menelaus Returned Home
  • Pylos
  • Sparta
  • The Stories of Helen and Menelaus
  • Proteus and the Afterlife of Menelaus
  • The Departure of Telemachus
  • Envoi
  • PART II: VOTARIES, PAINTERS, AND POETS
  • 3: Why Menelaus?: Alcman, Sappho, Stesichorus, [Hesiod], and the Cycle
  • Alcman
  • 'Cyclic' Epic Fragments: Cypria
  • Little Iliad
  • Ilioupersis
  • Nostoi
  • The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women
  • Sappho frr. 16-17
  • Stesichorus: Helen, Palinodes, Ilioupersis, Nostoi
  • Conclusion
  • 4: Menelaus in Archaic Art
  • Introduction: Heroic Narrative in Archaic Art
  • Menelaus and Helen
  • Menelaus without Helen
  • Annotated Catalogue
  • Naming Menelaus a Hero in Archaic Art
  • 5: The Cult of Menelaus and Helen at Therapne
  • Introduction
  • Literary Testimonia to the Cult of Menelaus
  • Material Evidence for the Cult of Menelaus and Helen at Therapne
  • Phase 1: Votive Deposition (Late Eighth/Seventh Century)
  • Phase 2: The Construction of the Sanctuary (Late Seventh/Early Sixth Century)
  • Phase 3: Extension of Terrace and Adornment of the Menelaion in Blue Limestone (Mid-Sixth Century)
  • Inscriptions and the Cult of Menelaus
  • 6: Menelaus ????ß???
  • Simonides' 'Plataea Elegy'
  • Appendix: Menelaus' Genealogy
  • Bibliography
  • Index Locorum
  • General Index

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