Nuclear Disarmament

A Critical Assessment
 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 14. März 2019
  • |
  • 320 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-429-65199-1 (ISBN)
 

This volume, Nuclear Disarmament, provides a comprehensive overview of nuclear disarmament and a critical assessment of the way forward.

Comprising essays by leading scholars on nuclear disarmament, the book highlights arguments in favour and against a world without nuclear weapons (global zero). In doing so, it proposes a new baseline from which an everchanging nuclear arms control and disarmament agenda can be assessed. Numerous paths to nuclear disarmament have been proposed and scrutinized, and with an increasing number of countries signing off on the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, it is vital to ask which path is the most likely and realistic to succeed. The chapters here also address the rapid pace of technological, political and climatic developments, in relation to nuclear disarmament, and how they add to the complexity of the issue. Taking care to unite the different tribes in the debate, this book provides a community of dissent at a time when academic tribalism all too often prevents genuine debates from taking place.

This book will be of interest to students of nuclear proliferation, arms control, security studies and International Relations.

  • Englisch
  • Milton
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
1 schwarz-weiße Abbildungen, 1 schwarz-weiße Zeichnungen
978-0-429-65199-1 (9780429651991)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt

Bård Nikolas Vik Steen is the Programme Manager of the Norwegian Nobel Institute, Oslo.

Olav Njølstad is the Director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute, Secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee and adjunct professor at the University of Oslo.

  • Cover
  • Half Title
  • Series Page
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Table of Contents
  • List of figure
  • List of contributors
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abbreviations
  • Introduction
  • Notes
  • PART I: Is 'old school' nuclear disarmament dead?
  • 1. Is 'old school' nuclear disarmament dead?
  • Disarmament: a means to an end
  • The nuclear age
  • Arms control
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • 2. Was nuclear disarmament ever alive?
  • Imaginable but not feasible: established problems with nuclear disarmament
  • Making disarmament attainable? Potential solutions to disarmament's barriers
  • Disarmament will not be desirable for the foreseeable future
  • Links between proliferation and disarmament
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • PART II: What happens to strategic stability and deterrence at low numbers?
  • 3. Why nuclear disarmament and strategic stability are incompatible
  • Introduction
  • The logic of arms control
  • The besieged logic of arms control
  • Accuracy and the vulnerability of hardened targets
  • Remote sensing and the growing threat to mobile delivery systems
  • Nuclear submarines: the key to strategic stability?
  • Missile defense: the final nail in the coffin?
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • 4. Nuclear weapons as a wicked problem in a complex world
  • The nuclear world
  • Destabilizing strategic stability
  • International relations as a complex adaptive system
  • Nuclear weapons as a wicked problem
  • Notes
  • PART III: Is a ban a credible path to global zero?
  • 5. The nuclear ban treaty and humanitarian strategies to eliminate nuclear threats
  • Introduction
  • From nuclear club dominance to humanitarian prohibition
  • The TPNW: context and compromises
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • 6. Decreeing abolition?: The pitfalls of a treaty-based approach for getting to zero
  • Scope
  • Verification
  • Enforcement
  • Maintaining international security in a world without nuclear weapons
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • 7. Nuclear ethics and the Ban Treaty
  • The moral perspective of ban advocates
  • The foreseeable results of the Ban
  • Historical analogies: disarmament in the interwar period
  • The Ban balance sheet: losses versus gains
  • Moral choice and disarmament policy
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • PART IV: What can the incremental approach to nuclear disarmament deliver?
  • 8. What can the incremental approach to nuclear disarmament deliver?
  • The role of the Secretary-General and the UN Secretariat
  • Past achievements and disarmament negotiations
  • How does the incremental approach function?
  • The merits of an evolutionary approach, but does it work?
  • Back to the role of the UN and multilateralism
  • Progress in UN disarmament fora is slow and plodding
  • The humanitarian initiative
  • Effects on the disarmament negotiations
  • The "ban treaty" was a game-changer: will it make nuclear disarmament attainable?
  • Other repercussions felt in UN disarmament fora
  • Looking ahead: how to make nuclear disarmament feasible, desirable and attainable
  • Notes
  • 9. Phased approach to nuclear arms control
  • Introduction
  • Phased ascent of nuclear arms control
  • Disintegration in progress
  • The roots of the crisis: a new world order
  • Untangling the knot
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • PART V: Is nuclear disarmament a climate question?
  • 10. Nuclear and climate connections: The history, evolution, and implications
  • Introduction
  • Exploring nuclear-climate connections
  • Implications
  • Looking ahead
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • 11. Nuclear disarmament, nuclear energy, and climate change: Exploring the linkages
  • Introduction
  • Current nuclear dangers
  • The scale of the nuclear-climate challenge
  • Nuclear energy constraints and risks
  • Managing the proliferation and disarmament implications of nuclear energy growth
  • Institutional and technical steps to address proliferation and disarmament challenges
  • A fusion alternative?
  • Political connections between nuclear energy, nonproliferation, and disarmament
  • Conclusion and next steps
  • Notes
  • PART VI: Technology and nuclear weapons: are we asking the wrong questions?
  • 12. Emerging non-nuclear technology and the future of the global nuclear order
  • Introduction: asking the right questions about emerging technologies
  • Defensive developments
  • Precision strike weapons in space, on land and under the sea
  • The combined effects of emerging technologies
  • Future scenarios
  • Conclusion: a new non-nuclear epoch?
  • Notes
  • PART VII: Will the current regimes remain fit for purpose?
  • 13. Dim hope for disarmament and approaching risk of build-up
  • Dim hope for disarmament
  • Will China join the US-Russia disarmament process?
  • Approaching risk of build-up
  • China-US defense-offense arms race
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • 14. Forecasting nuclear disarmament: Can the NPT get us to the finish line?
  • The historical context
  • NPT disarmament milestones
  • The current scene
  • Disarmament trends and the future of the NPT
  • Notes
  • PART VIII: Where are we heading? Radical departures from the status quo
  • 15. Radical departures from the status quo and their impacts on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament: Positive and negative
  • Trump's Nuclear Posture Review (NPR)
  • Putin's state of the nation speech
  • MIRVs, China, and the commitment to MIRVs
  • Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) blowback from Russia and China
  • Resumption of US nuclear testing for "geo-political" reasons
  • Iran, the JCPOA, and US missile defenses in Europe
  • North Korea
  • War in space
  • Countervailing forces
  • The role of ongoing processes in nuclear arms control going forward
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • 16. How will the nuclear twenty-first century end?
  • A "Second" Nuclear Age?
  • The characteristics of the global nuclear landscape
  • The Second Nuclear Age: weapons and arsenals
  • The Second Nuclear Age: policies and doctrines
  • Going forward: managing the Second Nuclear Age
  • Scenarios of a radical departure from the status quo
  • Realistic and unrealistic proposals
  • Notes
  • Index
`In 1924 Winston Churchill wrote, "Might not a bomb no bigger than an orange be found to possess a secret power...and blast a township at a stroke" - that bomb was developed and used two decades later and we have been debating its dangers and value and trying to control it ever since - Nuclear Disarmament: A Critical Assessment captures the wide-ranging views of this debate as it stands now almost one hundred years later. Join the debate - the next one hundred years depends on it.'-- William J. Perry, 19th US Secretary of Defense


'A balanced and thoughtful assessment, by a diverse set of global experts, on the pros and cons of nuclear disarmament. Must reading for these challenging times.'--Scott D. Sagan, Stanford University, USA


'As nuclear risks remain unnecessarily and unacceptably high, the Norwegian Nobel Institute deserves our applause for engaging this timely and important discussion. These thought-provoking essays from nuclear experts with different perspectives is a valuable contribution to addressing one of the great strategic challenges of our time.'--former US Senator Sam Nunn, co-Chairman of the Nuclear Threat Initiative


'At a moment when the global arms regime is under pressure, Nuclear Disarmament: A Critical Assessment is a thoughtful compilation from from Steen and Njolstad.' - Henry Kissinger, 56th US Secretary of State

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