Fluids and Electrolytes, An Issue of Nursing Clinics, E-Book

 
 
Elsevier (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 28. September 2017
  • |
  • 100 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-323-51000-4 (ISBN)
 
Dr. Squiers has assembled the leading nurses in the country on the management of fluids and electrolytes to write state-of-the-art reviews on this important topic. Readers will come away with current knowledge and management strategies to improve patient outcomes in the following areas: Colloids vs crystalloids in trauma resuscitation; Colloids vs crystalloids in post cardiopulmonary bypass patients; Potassium and magnesium serum levels in Aifb prophalxysis; Review of outcomes in hypernatremia in ICP management; Does evidence drive fluid volume restriction in chronic HF; Assessment of volume status in patients with mechanical cardiac support devices; Assessment of volume status utilizing ultrasounds examination; Managing electrolyte disturbances in tumor lysis syndrome; Post-cystectomy electrolyte issues with neobladder hypophosphatemia effects on weaning mechanical ventilation; and Does fluid resuscitation affect long-term cognitive function in sepsis?
  • Englisch
  • Philadelphia
  • |
  • USA
  • 5,34 MB
978-0-323-51000-4 (9780323510004)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Fluids and Electrolytes
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • CONSULTING EDITOR
  • EDITOR
  • AUTHORS
  • Contents
  • Foreword: I Sing the Body Electric: Where It All Begins
  • Preface: Current Issues in Fluid and Electrolyte Management
  • Fluid Resuscitation of the Adult Trauma Patient: Where Have We Been and Where Are We Going?
  • The Use of Mannitol and Hypertonic Saline Therapies in Patients with Elevated Intracranial Pressure: A Review of the Evidence
  • Does Evidence Drive Fluid Volume Restriction in Chronic Heart Failure?
  • Assessment of Volume Status Using Ultrasonography
  • Metabolic and Electrolyte Abnormalities Related to Use of Bowel in Urologic Reconstruction
  • Microvascular Fluid Resuscitation in Circulatory Shock
  • Fluid Management in Lung Transplant Patients
  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome: A Unique Solute Disturbance
  • Neurologic Intensive Care Unit Electrolyte Management
  • Abdominal Compartment Syndrome as a Complication of Fluid Resuscitation
  • FORTHCOMING ISSUES
  • FORTHCOMING ISSUES
  • September 2017
  • December 2017
  • March 2018
  • RECENT ISSUES
  • March 2017
  • December 2016
  • September 2016
  • Foreword: I Sing the Body Electric: Where It All Begins
  • REFERENCE
  • Preface: Current Issues in Fluid and Electrolyte Management
  • REFERENCES
  • Fluid Resuscitation of the Adult Trauma Patient
  • Key points
  • INTRODUCTION
  • OVERVIEW OF RESUSCITATION FLUID THERAPY
  • ADVANCED TRAUMA LIFE SUPPORT FLUID RESUSCITATION RECOMMENDATIONS
  • Blood
  • Crystalloids
  • Colloids
  • AGGRESSIVE/HIGH-VOLUME VERSUS CONTROLLED-VOLUME RESUSCITATION
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • The Use of Mannitol and Hypertonic Saline Therapies in Patients with Elevated Intracranial Pressure
  • Key points
  • INTRODUCTION
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
  • CEREBRAL EDEMA
  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
  • PHARMACOLOGIC PROPERTIES
  • Mannitol
  • Hypertonic Saline
  • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS IN VARIOUS PATIENT SUBSETS
  • Traumatic Brain Injuries
  • Ischemic Stroke
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  • Intracerebral Hemorrhage
  • Transtentorial Herniation
  • MONITORING
  • COMPLICATIONS
  • Renal Failure
  • Osmotic Demyelinating Syndrome
  • Rebound Phenomenon
  • Acid/Base Imbalances and Other Complications
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Does Evidence Drive Fluid Volume Restriction in Chronic Heart Failure?
  • Key points
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF HEART FAILURE
  • FLUID RESTRICTION: CURRENT STATE OF EVIDENCE
  • GUIDELINES
  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS
  • AREAS OF CONSIDERATION
  • Thirst
  • Sodium Restriction
  • Hyponatremia
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Assessment of Volume Status Using Ultrasonography
  • Key points
  • INTRODUCTION
  • BACKGROUND
  • IMPORTANCE
  • ASSESSMENT OF VOLUME STATUS VIA ULTRASONOGRAPHY
  • General Critical Care Ultrasonography Examination
  • Lung and pleural ultrasonography
  • Abdominal ultrasonography
  • Vasculature
  • Basic Critical Care Echocardiography
  • GUIDELINES FOR CRITICAL CARE ULTRASONOGRAPHY TRAINING
  • LIMITATIONS
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Metabolic and Electrolyte Abnormalities Related to Use of Bowel in Urologic Reconstruction
  • Key points
  • INTRODUCTION
  • RECONSTRUCTION: INDICATIONS AND TYPES
  • COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO BOWEL IN URINARY TRACT
  • Gastric
  • Jejunum
  • Ileum and Colon
  • COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO BOWEL RESECTION
  • Ileum
  • Colon
  • RELATED METABOLIC COMPLICATIONS
  • Bone Density
  • Stones
  • Drug Absorption
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Microvascular Fluid Resuscitation in Circulatory Shock
  • Key points
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Physiologic Microcirculatory Oxygen Transport and Use
  • Convective and diffusive oxygen transport
  • MICROCIRCULATORY ALTERATIONS IN CIRCULATORY SHOCK
  • HEMODYNAMIC COHERENCE
  • MICROCIRCULATORY-GUIDED FLUID THERAPY
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Fluid Management in Lung Transplant Patients
  • Key points
  • INTRODUCTION
  • PRETRANSPLANT VARIABLES
  • EXPLANTATION TO IMPLANTATION
  • POSTOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome
  • Key points
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF TUMOR LYSIS SYNDROME
  • Hyperuricemia and Acute Uric Acid Nephropathy
  • Hyperphosphatemia and Secondary Hypocalcemia
  • Hyperkalemia and Cardiac Dysrhythmias
  • DEFINING TUMOR LYSIS SYNDROME
  • TRACKING RISK FOR TUMOR LYSIS SYNDROME
  • PREVENTION OF TUMOR LYSIS SYNDROME
  • TUMOR LYSIS SYNDROME TREATMENT IS SOLUTE SPECIFIC
  • MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE HYPERURICEMIA
  • Treatment of Hyperphosphatemia and Hypocalcemia
  • Treatment of Hyperkalemia
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Neurologic Intensive Care Unit Electrolyte Management
  • Key points
  • DEFINITION
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • HYPERNATREMIA
  • DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES INSIPIDUS
  • TREATMENT OF DIABETES INSIPIDUS
  • HYPONATREMIA
  • ASSESSMENT AND TREATMENT
  • Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone
  • Cerebral Salt Wasting
  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Cerebral Salt Wasting
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Abdominal Compartment Syndrome as a Complication of Fluid Resuscitation
  • Key points
  • INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND
  • ABDOMINAL PERFUSION PRESSURE
  • INTRA-ABDOMINAL HYPERTENSION AND ABDOMINAL COMPARTMENT SYNDROME PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
  • Causes
  • Abdominal Compartment Syndrome Risk and Mortality
  • Systemic Effects
  • FLUIDS AND DEVELOPMENT OF INTRA-ABDOMINAL HYPERTENSION/ABDOMINAL COMPARTMENT SYNDROME
  • Fluid Resuscitation
  • Fluid Movement
  • Third Spacing
  • Clinical Considerations
  • INTRA-ABDOMINAL HYPERTENSION AND ABDOMINAL COMPARTMENT SYNDROME TREATMENT CONSIDERATIONS
  • FLUID RESUSCITATION PRACTICE CHANGES
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Index

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