Modern Physics

The Quantum Physics of Atoms, Solids, and Nuclei: Third Edition
 
 
Dover Publications (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 19. Januar 2015
  • |
  • 704 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-486-80226-8 (ISBN)
 
This introduction to the concepts and methods of quantum mechanics employs the analysis of one-dimensional problems to offer students a quantitative understanding of atomic, molecular, solid-state, and nuclear physics. Applications of these concepts and methods help answer the most intriguing questions of modern physics: What holds matter together? Holds it apart? How does the variety of chemical properties of different elements arise? How do electrons move through solids? Why do nuclei that occur in nature possess only certain combinations of protons and neutrons? The text presents meaningful problems by topic - supplemented by ample illustrations, applications, and exercises - that address the most intriguing questions of modern physics. Answers to selected problems appear in the appendix. Geared toward science and engineering majors, this volume is also appropriate for independent study by those who have completed a general physics course.
  • Englisch
  • New York
  • |
  • USA
  • Höhe: 234 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 156 mm
  • 32,36 MB
  • 962 gr
978-0-486-80226-8 (9780486802268)
0486802264 (0486802264)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Robert L. Sproull and W. Andrew Phillips
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Preface
  • Table of Contents
  • 1 Atoms, Nuclei and Particles
  • 1-1 Introduction
  • 1-2 The Atom
  • 1-3 The Electron and the Proton
  • 1-4 The Nuclear Atom
  • 1-5 Relativistic Effects
  • 1-6 Nuclear Binding Energies
  • 1-7 Particles and Particle Accelerators
  • 2 Assemblies of Particles
  • 2-1 Introduction
  • 2-2 Energy of Random Motion
  • 2-3 Maxwell Distribution of Kinetic Energies and Velocities
  • 2-4 Boltzmann Distribution
  • 2-5 Collisions, Mean Free Paths, and Atomic Sizes
  • 3 Quantum Phenomena
  • 3-1 Introduction
  • 3-2 Black-body Radiation
  • 3-3 The Photoelectric Effect
  • 3-4 Line Spectra
  • 3-5 X-Ray Line Spectra
  • 3-6 The Continuous X-Ray Spectrum
  • 3-7 Excitation Potentials
  • 3-8 The Compton Effect
  • 3-9 Electron Diffraction
  • 3-10 Neutron Diffraction
  • 3-11 The Stern-Gerlach Experiment
  • 3-12 Summary
  • 4 Introductory Quantum Mechanics
  • 4-1 Introduction
  • 4-2 The Wavefunction and the Schrödinger Equation
  • 4-3 The Square Well Potential
  • 4-4 The Free Particle, Wave Packets, and the Uncertainty Principle
  • 4-5 Potential Wells and Potential Barriers
  • 4-6 Operators and Observables
  • 4-7 Measurement, Expectation Values, and Superposition States
  • 4-8 Eigenvalues and Eigenfunctions of the Simple Harmonic Oscillator
  • 4-9 Approximate Methods
  • 4-10 Radiation Theory
  • 4-11 Summary
  • 5 Atomic Structure and Spectra
  • 5-1 Introduction
  • 5-2 The Hydrogen Atom
  • 5-3 The Exclusion Principle
  • 5-4 Electronic Structure of Atoms
  • 5-5 X-Ray Spectra
  • 5-6 Optical Spectra
  • 5-7 Lasers
  • 6 Molecules
  • 6-1 Introduction
  • 6-2 The KCl Molecule and Ionic Binding
  • 6-3 The Hydrogen Molecule Ion
  • 6-4 Molecular Orbitals
  • 6-5 Covalent Bonding in Molecules
  • 6-6 Molecular Spectra and Dissociation
  • 7 Binding and Energy Bands in Solids
  • 7-1 Introduction
  • 7-2 Ionic and Covalent Crystals
  • 7-3 Metallic Crystals
  • 7-4 Energy Bands, Atomic Energy Level Approach
  • 7-5 Energy Bands, Nearly Free Electron Approach
  • 8 Electrical, Thermal, and Magnetic Properties of Solids
  • 8-1 Introduction
  • 8-2 Conductors and Non-Conductors of Electricity
  • 8-3 Fermi Distribution of Electron Energies
  • 8-4 Conduction Band Electrons in Metals and Alloys
  • 8-5 Thermal Properties of Solids
  • 8-6 Electrical Conductivity of Metals and Alloys
  • 8-7 Superconductivity
  • 8-8 Magnetic Properties of Solids
  • 9 Imperfections in Solids
  • 9-1 Introduction
  • 9-2 Types of Imperfections
  • 9-3 Diffusion and Ionic Conductivity
  • 9-4 Optical Absorption
  • 9-5 Photoconductivity
  • 9-6 Luminescence
  • 9-7 Slip and Strength of Metals and Alloys
  • 9-8 Surface Physics
  • 10 Semiconductors
  • 10-1 Introduction
  • 10-2 Intrinsic Semiconductors
  • 10-3 n- and p-Type Semiconductors
  • 10-4 Semiconductor-Insulator Boundaries
  • 10-5 Applications of MOS Devices
  • 10-6 p-n Junctions
  • 10-7 Junction Transistors
  • 11 Nuclear Physics
  • 11-1 Introduction
  • 11-2 Radioactivity
  • a Emission
  • 11-3 Sizes and Constituents of Nuclei
  • 11-4 ß Emission and Electron Capture
  • 11-5 ? Emission and Internal Conversion
  • 11-6 Nuclear Stability
  • 11-7 Nuclear Reactions
  • 11-8 Nuclear Forces
  • 12 Experimental and Applied Nuclear Physics
  • 12-1 Introduction
  • 12-2 Nuclear Fission
  • 12-3 Nuclear Reactors
  • 12-4 Nuclear Fusion
  • 12-5 Interaction between Charged Particles and Matter
  • 12-6 Detectors for Nuclear Particles
  • 12-7 Applications of Radioactive Nuclides
  • Appendices
  • A Physical Constants
  • B Conversion of S.I. to cgs Units
  • C Periodic System of the Elements
  • D Atomic Masses and Atomic Weights
  • E Rutherford Scattering
  • F The Density of Normal Modes
  • G Pulse Spectra and the Uncertainty Principle
  • H Answers to Problems
  • Index

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