Thermal Protective Clothing for Firefighters

 
 
Woodhead Publishing
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 27. August 2016
  • |
  • 242 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-08-101286-4 (ISBN)
 

Thermal Protective Clothing for Firefighters explores the materials, design, and usage of thermal protective clothing. The characteristics of fire hazards are discussed in detail, and the thermal environments faced by firefighters in these fire hazards are also examined. The different types of potential burn injuries and the heat stress that occurs to firefighters' bodies when exposed to such thermal environments are analyzed. Furthermore, the development of various high performance fibers and fabrics for thermal protective clothing is discussed. The test methods and existing standards to evaluate the thermal protective and physiological comfort performances of the fabrics and clothing are critically reviewed.

Recent developments in the field of fire- and heat-resistant materials have led to significant improvements in thermal protective clothing. In parallel with this, the complexity and risk levels of fires, especially in industrial-storage facilities, and developments in health and safety cultures have increased the demand for high-performance heat- and flame-resistant clothing and equipment, designed to mitigate skin burn injuries and reduce risk of death from fire hazards.

Throughout the work, the gaps and limitations in existing test methods and standards are identified, and approaches are recommended for the development of enhanced test methods. Scenario modeling and its implications for firefighters' protective clothing is discussed, and various factors affecting performance are established. Finally, various key issues related to thermal protective clothing are addressed to guide the future research in the field of thermal protective clothing for firefighters. This book will help materials-textile engineers to develop high performance thermal protective clothing that can enhance the protection, safety, and comfort of firefighters.


  • Offers a helpful guide to the successful specification and design of high performance protective clothing to meet the high standards of today's regulatory framework
  • Introduces the new materials technical innovations that are transforming fire protective clothing
  • Explores the role of clothing from the operational perspective, including technical innovations
  • Offers a critical review of the test methods and existing standards to evaluate the thermal protective and physiological comfort performances of the fabrics and clothing
  • Englisch
  • Cambridge
Elsevier Science
  • 19,28 MB
978-0-08-101286-4 (9780081012864)
0081012861 (0081012861)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Thermal Protective Clothing for Firefighters
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • 1.1. A brief background on thermal protective clothing for firefighters
  • Chapter 2: Fires and thermal environments
  • 2.1. Uncontrolled fires
  • 2.1.1. Wildfires
  • 2.1.2. Structural building fires
  • 2.1.3. Vehicle fires
  • 2.1.4. Present scenario on uncontrolled fires in the United States
  • 2.2. Thermal environments faced by firefighters
  • 2.2.1. Thermal intensity faced by firefighters
  • 2.2.2. Types of thermal exposures faced by firefighters
  • Chapter 3: Skin burn injuries and heat stress/fatalities
  • 3.1. Burn injuries
  • 3.1.1. First-degree burns
  • 3.1.2. Second-degree burns
  • 3.1.3. Third-degree burns
  • 3.1.4. Fourth-degree burns
  • 3.1.5. Skin burns models
  • 3.2. Heat stress/fatalities
  • 3.2.1. Bio-heat transfer model
  • 3.2.2. Chen and Holmes model
  • 3.2.3. Weinbaum, Jiji, and Lemos model
  • 3.3. Present scenario on firefighter injuries and fatalities in the United States
  • Chapter 4: Development of high performance thermal protective clothing
  • 4.1. Development of fire-retardant/resistant fibers
  • 4.1.1. Chemically modified fire-retardant fibers
  • 4.1.2. Inherently fire-resistant fibers
  • 4.1.3. Summary and conclusion
  • 4.2. Development of high performance fabrics
  • 4.2.1. Shell fabrics
  • 4.2.2. Thermal liners
  • 4.2.3. Moisture barriers
  • 4.2.4. Composite fabrics
  • 4.3. Development of thermal protective clothing
  • Chapter 5: Performance evaluation of thermal protective clothing
  • 5.1. Softening/melting temperature and flammability evaluation
  • 5.2. Thermal protective performance evaluation
  • 5.2.1. Development and application of different sensor types
  • 5.2.2. Evaluation of thermal protective performance using bench-scale tests
  • 5.2.3. Evaluation of thermal protective performance using full-scale stationary manikin systems
  • 5.2.4. Evaluation of thermal protective performance using full-scale dynamic manikin systems
  • 5.3. Clothing comfort (physiological) evaluation
  • 5.3.1. Evaluation/calculation and assessment of thermal resistance, evaporative resistance, and THL of fabrics
  • 5.3.1.1. Thermal resistance evaluation
  • 5.3.1.2. Evaporative resistance evaluation
  • 5.3.1.3. THL calculation
  • 5.3.1.4. Assessment of thermal resistance, evaporative resistance, and THL
  • 5.3.2. Evaluation/calculation and assessment of thermal and evaporative resistance of clothing
  • 5.3.2.1. Thermal resistance evaluation
  • 5.3.2.2. Evaporative resistance evaluation
  • 5.3.2.3. Working principles of various manikins to evaluate thermal and evaporative resistance
  • 5.3.2.4. Assessment of thermal and evaporative resistance
  • 5.3.3. Evaluation and assessment of physiological clothing comfort using human trials
  • 5.3.3.1. Evaluation of clothing comfort using human trials
  • Chapter 6: Modeling and its implications on performance of thermal protective clothing
  • 6.1. Heat and/or mass transfer models
  • 6.1.1. Analytical models
  • 6.1.2. Numerical models
  • 6.1.3. Summary and recommendations
  • 6.2. Metabolic heat and/or sweat-vapor transfer models
  • 6.2.1. Analytical models
  • 6.2.2. Numerical models
  • 6.3. Further research directions
  • Chapter 7: Effects of various factors on performance of thermal protective clothing
  • 7.1. Fiber properties
  • 7.1.1. Fineness or linear density
  • 7.1.2. Cross-section
  • 7.1.3. Length
  • 7.1.4. Crimp
  • 7.2. Yarn Properties
  • 7.2.1. Types
  • 7.2.2. Twist
  • 7.2.3. Configuration
  • 7.3. Fabric properties
  • 7.3.1. Surface properties
  • 7.3.2. Structural properties (weave/knit design and porosity)
  • 7.3.3. Physical properties (weight, thickness, and density)
  • 7.3.4. Thermal properties (thermal conductivity or diffusivity, heat capacity)
  • 7.3.5. Moisture accumulation properties
  • 7.4. Clothing features
  • 7.4.1. Stitch and seam
  • 7.4.2. Fit, closures, and location of fastener
  • 7.4.3. Microclimate region
  • Chapter 8: Key issues related to thermal protective clothing
  • 8.1. Thermal protective performance evaluation
  • 8.2. Design of thermal protective clothing
  • References
  • Index
  • Back Cover

Dateiformat: EPUB
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat EPUB ist sehr gut für Romane und Sachbücher geeignet - also für "fließenden" Text ohne komplexes Layout. Bei E-Readern oder Smartphones passt sich der Zeilen- und Seitenumbruch automatisch den kleinen Displays an. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Dateiformat: PDF
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat PDF zeigt auf jeder Hardware eine Buchseite stets identisch an. Daher ist eine PDF auch für ein komplexes Layout geeignet, wie es bei Lehr- und Fachbüchern verwendet wird (Bilder, Tabellen, Spalten, Fußnoten). Bei kleinen Displays von E-Readern oder Smartphones sind PDF leider eher nervig, weil zu viel Scrollen notwendig ist. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Download (sofort verfügbar)

184,45 €
inkl. 19% MwSt.
Download / Einzel-Lizenz
ePUB mit Adobe DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
PDF mit Adobe DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
Hinweis: Die Auswahl des von Ihnen gewünschten Dateiformats und des Kopierschutzes erfolgt erst im System des E-Book Anbieters
E-Book bestellen

Unsere Web-Seiten verwenden Cookies. Mit der Nutzung dieser Web-Seiten erklären Sie sich damit einverstanden. Mehr Informationen finden Sie in unserem Datenschutzhinweis. Ok