Core Questions in Philosophy

 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • 8. Auflage
  • |
  • erscheint ca. am 27. Mai 2021
  • |
  • 364 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB ohne DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-000-38877-0 (ISBN)
 

Writtten in an engaging lecture-style format, this 8th edition of¿Core Questions in Philosophy shows students how philosophy is best used to evaluate many different kinds of arguments and to construct sound theories. Well-known historical texts are discussed, not as a means to honor the dead or merely to describe what various philosophers have thought but to engage with, criticize, and even improve ideas from the past. In addition-because philosophy cannot function apart from its engagement with the wider society-traditional and contemporary philosophical problems are brought into dialogue with the physical, biological, and social sciences. Text boxes highlight key concepts, and review questions, discussion questions, and a glossary of terms are also included.

Core Questions in Philosophy¿has served as a premier introductory textbook for three decades, with updates to each new edition.

Key updates to this¿8th¿edition¿include:

    • A new chapter, "Probability and Bayes' Theorem"

    • A new explanation of the concept of "soundness," as a useful tool in assessing arguments

      • A clearer explanation, in the chapter on evolution, of the crucial biological idea that the similarities of different species provide evidence of their common ancestry

      • A new discussion of evolutionary altruism in the chapter on psychological egoism

      • A presentation of two interesting arguments from historically important Islamic and Confusian philosophers

      • Improved clarity and updated material from philosophy and empirical research, throughout

      Revisions to the online list of recommended resources include:

        • Additional recommendations of supplementary readings, with the inclusion of more work from female philosophers

        • New recommended videos and podcasts, all organized by their relevance to each chapter in the book

        8. Auflage
        • Englisch
        • Milton
        • |
        • Großbritannien
        Taylor & Francis Ltd
        • Für höhere Schule und Studium
        • Neue Ausgabe
        29 schwarz-weiße Abbildungen, 29 schwarz-weiße Zeichnungen, 1 schwarz-weiße Tabellen
        • 3,44 MB
        978-1-000-38877-0 (9781000388770)
        weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt

        Elliott Sober is Hans Reichenbach Professor and William F. Vilas Research Professor in the Philosophy Department at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His most recent book is The Design Argument (2018).

        Preface

        Part I: Introduction

        1. What Is Philosophy?

        2. Deductive Arguments

        3. Inductive and Abductive Arguments

        Part II: Philosophy of Religion

        4. Aquinas's First Four Ways

        5. The Design Argument

        6. Evolution and Creationism

        7. Can Science Explain Everything?

        8. The Ontological Argument

        9. Is the Existence of God Testable?

        10. Pascal and Irrationality

        11. The Argument from Evil

        Part III: Theory of Knowledge

        12. What Is Knowledge?

        13. Descartes' Foundationalism

        14. The Reliability Theory of Knowledge

        15. Justified Belief and Hume's Problem of Induction

        16. Can Hume's Skepticism Be Refuted?

        17. Beyond Foundationalism

        18. Locke on the Existence of External Objects

        19. Probability and Bayes's Theorem

        Part IV: Philosophy of Mind

        20. Dualism and the Mind/Body Problem

        21. Logical Behaviorism

        22. Methodological Behaviorism

        23. The Mind/Brain Identity Theory

        24. Functionalism

        25. Freedom, Determinism, and Causality

        26. A Menu of Positions on Free Will

        27. Compatibilism

        28. Psychological Egoism

        Part V: Ethics

        29. Ethics-Normative and Meta

        30. The Is/Ought Gap and the Naturalistic Fallacy

        31. Observation and Explanation in Ethics

        32. Conventionalist Theories

        33. Utilitarianism

        34. Kant's Moral Theory

        35. Aristotle on the Good Life

        Glossary

        Praise for the previous edition:

        "A really excellent introduction to philosophy does the following: meets the student at their level, then takes them up a notch, and approaches traditional topics in unique and interesting ways. This book does those things."
        Fred Adams, University of Delaware

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