Child Rights and International Discrimination Law

Implementing Article 2 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
Routledge (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 22. Februar 2019
  • |
  • 228 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-429-66781-7 (ISBN)
Societies and states are at a crossroad in how children are treated and how their rights are respected and protected. Children´s new position and their strong rights create tensions and challenge the traditional relationships between family and the state. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted unanimously by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1989 and came into force in 1990. Article 2 places states under an obligation to accord primacy to the best interests of the child in all actions concerning children and to ensure and regulate child protection. This book offers a comparative and critical analysis of the implementation of Article 2 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. In order to examine how Article 2 is being implemented, it is essential to have a sound understanding of the obligations it emposes. The opening chapters will explore the precise content of these obligations in terms of the legislative history of the text, its underlying philosophy, its amplification by the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child, and subsequent authoritative interpretations of it by courts around the world. The book will then drill down into the conceptual and theoretical challenges posed by the very nature of the obligations and will offer in-depth exploration of the long-running 'rights v welfare' debate that has always presented something of a challenge in giving effect to children's rights. Contributors are leading academics in the children's rights field drawn from a wide range of countries and jurisdictions worldwide, including those with common law, civilian and mixed traditions. Disciplines represented in the book include law, psychology, political science, childhood studies, social work and anthropology. By drawing together the various facets of Article 2 and analysing it from a range of perspectives, the volume provides a coherent and comprehensive inter-disciplinary analysis on discrimination and the rights of the child.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Milton
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
  • 7,49 MB
978-0-429-66781-7 (9780429667817)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt

Marit Skivenes is a Professor at the Department for Administration and Organization Theory at the University of Bergen and the director of Centre for Research on Discretion and Paternalism, University of Bergen, Norway.

Karl Harald Søvig is a Professor of law and the Dean at the Faculty of Law at the University of Bergen, Norway.

  • Cover
  • Half Title
  • Series Page
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Table of Contents
  • List of figures
  • Acknowledgements
  • List of contributors
  • 1. Discriminating against children
  • Introduction
  • The facets of discrimination
  • Article 2 and European Convention on Human Rights
  • Children's experiences of discrimination
  • The content of this book
  • Notes
  • References
  • 2. Article 2 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: Non-discrimination and children's rights
  • Introduction
  • Drafting: which children may need protection?
  • Proposed deletion
  • Proposed additions
  • The final text
  • The obligations under Article 2
  • Discrimination
  • Is different treatment ever permissible?
  • The content of the State's obligation under Article 2
  • Continuing discrimination: grounds and manifestations
  • Race, colour or national, ethnic or social origin
  • Sex
  • Disability
  • Birth status
  • Religion, language and property
  • Other status
  • Conclusions
  • Notes
  • References
  • 3. Respecting age: Discrimination against the young and the old
  • Introduction
  • Non-discrimination
  • Bad reasons
  • Equal and differential treatment
  • Age
  • Different types of rights
  • Ageism?
  • Goods of childhood
  • Young age and old age
  • Concluding remarks
  • References
  • 4. The ageing of Article 2(1): The child's right to be free from agebased discrimination
  • Introduction
  • Autonomy, rationality and rights: the legacy of liberalism for the child's right to non-discrimination
  • Towards a more nuanced understanding of autonomy
  • The child's rights to equality and non-discrimination
  • Article 2(1) and the child's right to non-discrimination based on age
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 5. Illegitimate consequences of 'illegitimacy'?: Article 2 UNCRC and non-marital children in the British Isles
  • Introduction
  • The UNCRC, non-marital children and PR
  • The nature of PR in England and Wales, Ireland and Scotland
  • The allocation of PR
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • References
  • 6. The non-discrimination principle in child protection: A snapshot on a seemingly trivial practice of transitions in care
  • Introduction
  • Child protection, vulnerabilities and discrimination at intersections
  • Transitions in child protection
  • Transport services in transitions
  • Fragmented services, children as parcels and discrimination
  • Concluding remarks
  • Notes
  • References
  • 7. That time of the month: Discrimination against girls who cannot afford sanitary health care
  • Introduction: a monthly reality
  • A framework of rights
  • Realising rights by recognising difference
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • References
  • 8. Collateral damage: Discrimination in failure-to-protect laws for children's well-being
  • Introduction
  • Nicholson case: changing the tide
  • Positive legacy of Nicholson v. Scoppetta
  • Limitations of Nicholson v. Scoppetta
  • References
  • 9. Citizen children and unauthorized immigrant parents
  • Introduction
  • The UN Convention: recognizing rights for children
  • Enforcement-only immigration policies discriminate against children
  • Discrimination: lack of due process for parents and children
  • Child-centered best interests considerations prevent discrimination
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • References
  • 10. Hidden discriminatory practices in access to education for children with disabilities: A challenge for children's rights
  • Introduction
  • The failing funding story
  • A matter of priorities
  • International standards
  • The legislative framework in South Africa
  • The aftermath of the failing funding story
  • The way forward
  • Notes
  • References
  • 11. Starting from system building: Child rights protection and the nondiscrimination principle in China
  • Introduction
  • The principles of child's rights in China
  • The new concept of children and the mainstreaming of children's rights in China
  • Challenge and proposal to the protection of children's rights in China
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • References
  • 12. The importance of Article 2 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child for refugee children
  • Introduction
  • The Refugee Convention as a human rights treaty
  • Non-discrimination and international refugee law
  • CRC Article 2 and refugee children
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • References
  • 13. Birth and status: The ongoing discrimination against children in Scots law based on parentage
  • Introduction
  • Titles, coats of arms, honours and dignities
  • Status and birth: illegitimacy
  • Defining illegitimacy
  • Defining parents
  • Article 2: UNCRC and discrimination
  • The need for law reform?
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • References
  • Index

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