Advances in Biofeedstocks and Biofuels, Volume 1

Biofeedstocks and Their Processing
 
 
Standards Information Network (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 22. Dezember 2016
  • |
  • 192 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-11727-8 (ISBN)
 
Biofuels production is one of the most extensively studied fields in the energy sector that can provide an alternative energy source and bring the energy industry closer to sustainability. Biomass-based fuel production, or renewable fuels, are becoming increasingly important as a potential solution for man-made climate change, depleted oil reserves, and the dangers involved with hydraulic fracturing (or "fracking"). The price of oil will always be volatile and changeable, and, as long as industry and private citizens around the world need energy, there will be a need for alternative energy sources. The area known as "biofuels and biofeedstocks" is one of the most important and quickly growing pieces of the "energy pie."
But biofuels and biofeedstocks are constantly changing, and new processes are constantly being created, changed, and improved upon. The area is rapidly changing and always innovative. It is important, therefore, that books like the volumes in this series are published and the information widely disseminated to keep the industry informed of the state-of-the-art.
This first volume in this groundbreaking new series is a collection of papers from some of the world's foremost authorities on biofeedstocks and biofuels, covering biofeedstocks and how they are processed. It is a must-have for any engineer, scientist, technician, or student working in this area.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Somerset
  • |
  • USA
John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 2,67 MB
978-1-119-11727-8 (9781119117278)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Lalit K. Singh, PhD, was educated at Harcourt Butler Technological Institute Kanpur and received his doctorate from the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee. Through his research, he developed a novel sequential-co-culture technique for the efficient bioconversion of sugars to bioethanol, and important innovation in the field of biofuels and fermentation technology. He has more than 25 publications in international journals, conference proceedings, and chapters in books. He has also organized several national seminars, faculty development programs and other academic activities.
Gaurav Chaudhary, PhD is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biotechnology at Mangalayatan University, Aligarh, having earned Since a doctorate from the Indian Institute of Technolog in Roorkee, India in the field of biofuel/bioenergy. He has published five research articles in peer reviewed international journals and presented his research work in several national and international conferences. Currently he is involved in teaching & research development activities in the areas of biochemical engineering, biofuels, bioenergy, and phytochemicals.
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • 1 Production of Bioenergy in the Framework of Circular Economy: A Sustainable Circular System in Ecuador
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.1.1 Energy and Bioenergy
  • 1.1.2 Ecuadorian Case
  • 1.2 A Sustainable Circular System in Ecuador
  • 1.2.1 Biogas
  • 1.2.1.1 CO2 Emissions
  • 1.2.1.2 Potential Electricity Power
  • 1.2.2 Biodiesel
  • 1.2.2.1 Biodiesel in Ecuador
  • 1.2.3 Microalgae Biodiesel
  • 1.2.3.1 Biomass Production
  • 1.2.3.2 Lipid Extraction
  • 1.3 Microalgae versus Palm Oil in Ecuador
  • 1.3.1 Palm Oil
  • 1.3.2 Microalgae Oil
  • 1.3.2.1 Microalgae in Open Ponds
  • 1.3.2.2 Microalgae in Laminar Photobioreactor
  • 1.4 Discussion
  • 1.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • 2 The Impact of Biomass Feedstock Composition and Pre-treatments on Tar Formation during Biomass Gasification
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Tar Composition
  • 2.3 Tar Formation Cell Wall Polymers and Ash Composition
  • 2.3.1 The Impact of Plant Type and Blending Upon Tar Production
  • 2.3.2 Blending
  • 2.3.3 Ash Composition
  • 2.4 Thermochemical Pre-treatments for Gasification
  • 2.4.1 Torrefaction
  • 2.4.2 Slow Pyrolysis
  • 2.4.3 Intermediate Pyrolysis
  • 2.4.4 Fast Pyrolysis
  • 2.5 Processing Options that Exploit Conversion Route Integration
  • 2.6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • 3 Key Pretreatment Technologies for An Efficient Bioethanol Production from Lignocellulosics
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Pretreatment Methods for Lignocellulosic Biomass
  • 3.2.1 Parameters for Effective Pretreatment of Lignocellulosics
  • 3.2.2 Important Pretreatment Methods
  • 3.2.2.1 Physical or Mechanical Methods
  • 3.2.2.2 Physico-chemical Methods
  • 3.2.2.3 Chemical Methods
  • 3.2.2.4 Biological Methods
  • 3.3 Conclusion and Future Perspectives
  • References
  • 4 Present Status on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Bioethanol Production
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Hydrolysis/Saccharification
  • 4.2.1 Cellulase
  • 4.2.2 Screening of Cellulase-producing Microorganisms
  • 4.2.3 Cellulase Production
  • 4.2.4 Factors Affecting the Cellulase Mediated Hydrolysis
  • 4.3 Future prospects of enzymatic hydrolysis
  • References
  • 5 Biological Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomaterials
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.1.1 Different Source for Bioethanol Production
  • 5.1.2 Lignocellulosic Materials
  • 5.1.3 Cellulose
  • 5.1.4 Hemicellulose
  • 5.1.5 Xylan
  • 5.1.6 Lignin
  • 5.1.7 Lignin Carbohydrate Interactions
  • 5.2 Pretreatment
  • 5.2.1 Pretreatment
  • 5.3 Microbial Pretreatment Process
  • 5.3.1 Fungi
  • 5.3.2 Bacteria
  • 5.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • 6 Anaerobic Digestion and the Use of Pre-treatments on Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Improve Biogas Production and Process Economics
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Feedstocks Available for AD
  • 6.2.1 Lignocellulosic Feedstock Analysis and Substrate Suitability
  • 6.2.2 Substrate Parameters and Co-digestion
  • 6.3 Feedstock Pre-treatment to Improve AD
  • 6.3.1 Available Pre-treatment Processes
  • 6.3.2 Pre-treatment Effects on Substrate
  • 6.3.3 Effects of Pre-treatment on Methane Yields
  • 6.4 Pre-treatment and Optimizing AD
  • 6.4.1 Advances in Pre-treatment Methods and AD Conditions
  • 6.4.2 Value-added Products and AD
  • 6.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 7 Algae: The Future of Bioenergy
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Technological Innovations for Algae Cultivation, Harvesting and Drying
  • 7.2.1 Cultivation Practices
  • 7.2.1.1 Open Cultivation Systems
  • 7.2.1.2 Closed Cultivation Systems (Photobioreactors)
  • 7.2.1.3 Algal Turf Scrubber (ATS)
  • 7.2.1.4 Sea-based Cultivation Systems
  • 7.2.2 Harvesting of Biomass
  • 7.2.2.1 Settling Ponds
  • 7.2.2.2 Filtration
  • 7.2.2.3 Centrifugation
  • 7.2.2.4 Flotation
  • 7.2.2.5 Flocculation
  • 7.2.2.6 Electrolytic Coagulation
  • 7.2.3 Energy Efficiencies of Harvesting Processes
  • 7.2.4 Algal Drying
  • 7.3 Algae-based Bioenergy Products
  • 7.3.1 Biofuel and Biodiesel
  • 7.3.2 Biogas (Biomethane Production)
  • 7.3.3 Bioethanol
  • 7.3.4 Biohydrogen
  • 7.3.4.1 Direct Biophotolysis
  • 7.3.4.2 Indirect Biophotolysis
  • 7.3.4.3 Photo Fermentation
  • 7.4 Concluding Remarks
  • Acknowledgement
  • References
  • Index
  • EULA

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