Forest Products and Wood Science

An Introduction
 
 
Standards Information Network (Verlag)
  • 7. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 31. Dezember 2018
  • |
  • 504 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-42636-3 (ISBN)
 
The updated seventh edition of the classic text on wood science and forestry The seventh edition of Forest Products and Wood Science: An Introduction offers a fully revised and updated review of the forest products industry. This classic text contains a comprehensive review of the subject and presents a thorough understanding of the anatomical and physical nature of wood. The authors emphasize its use as an industrial raw material. Forest Products and Wood Science provides thorough coverage of all aspects of wood science and industry, ranging from tree growth and wood anatomy to a variety of economically important wood products, along with their applications and performance. The text explores global raw materials, the increasing use of wood as a source of energy and chemicals and environmental implications of the use of wood. This edition features new material on structural composites, non-structural composites, durability and protection, pulp and paper, energy and chemicals, and global raw materials. This seventh edition of the classic work: * Contains new information on a variety of topics including: structural composites, non-structural composites, durability and protection, pulp and paper, energy and chemicals and global raw materials * Includes a fully revised text that meets the changing needs of the forestry, engineering, and wood science academics and professionals * Presents material written by authors with broad experience in both the private and academic sectors Written for undergraduate students in forestry, natural resources, engineering, and wood science, as well as forest industry personnel, engineers, wood-based manufacturing and using professionals, the seventh edition of Forest Products and Wood Science updates the classic text that has become an indispensable resource.
7. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Newark
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Überarbeitete Ausgabe
  • 132,57 MB
978-1-119-42636-3 (9781119426363)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
About the Authors

RUBIN SHMULSKY is Professor and Head of the Department of Sustainable Bioproducts at Mississippi State University. He has published extensively on various topics in forestry and wood science and provides professional consulting throughout North America.

P. DAVID JONES is a Consulting Professional who provides technical service domestically and around the world. He is a distinguished academic in forestry and wood science. Previously he served on the faculty of Forest Products at Mississippi State University where he worked on wood quality and products.
  • Intro
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Authors Biographical Sketches
  • Introduction
  • About the Companion Website
  • Chapter 1 Tree Growth and Production of Woody Tissue
  • Classification of Woody Plants
  • Distribution of Hardwoods and Softwoods
  • Wood - a Collection of Small Cells
  • Basic Processes in Tree Growth
  • Production of Wood and Bark
  • Development of a Young Stem
  • Vascular Cambium
  • Composition
  • Development and Growth of Xylem and Phloem
  • Expansion of the Cambial Layer
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 2 Macroscopic Character of Wood
  • Three Distinct Surfaces of Wood
  • Growth Rings
  • Appearance
  • Formation
  • Effect on Wood Properties
  • Discontinuous Rings
  • False Rings
  • Heartwood and Sapwood
  • Formation of Heartwood
  • Properties of Heartwood
  • Rays
  • Grain Orientation
  • Spiral Grain
  • Interlocked Grain
  • Knots
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 3 Composition and Structure of Wood Cells
  • Chemical Components
  • Cellulose
  • Hemicellulose
  • Lignin
  • Cell Wall
  • Chemical Structure
  • Layering
  • Cell Wall Sculpturing
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 4 Softwood Structure
  • , Longitudinal Tracheids
  • Configuration
  • Pitting
  • Other Longitudinal Cells
  • Longitudinal Parenchyma
  • Epithelium
  • Rays
  • Wood Identification
  • Summary
  • Transverse Surface (I)
  • Radial Surface (II)
  • Tangential Surface (III)
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 5 Hardwood Structure
  • Differences Between Hardwood and Softwood Xylem
  • Longitudinal Cells
  • Vessel Elements - Unique Cells of Hardwoods
  • Fibers
  • Longitudinal Parenchyma
  • Other Kinds of Longitudinal Cells
  • Rays
  • Ray Size
  • Types of Ray Cells
  • Wood Identification
  • Summary
  • Transverse Surface (I)
  • Radial Surface (II)
  • Tangential Surface (III)
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 6 Juvenile Wood, Reaction Wood, and Wood of Branches
  • Juvenile Wood
  • Reaction Wood
  • Compression Wood
  • Tension Wood
  • Formation of Reaction Wood
  • Branchwood
  • Bark
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 7 Wood and Water
  • Location of Water in Wood
  • Nature of Water in Wood
  • Moisture Content Calculation
  • Moisture Content Measurement
  • Relation of Moisture Content to the Environment
  • Moisture Content of Green Wood
  • Shrinking and Swelling
  • Dimensional Changes and Environmental Changes
  • Dimensional Changes in Veneer-, Fiber-, and Particle-based Panel Products
  • Moisture Movement During Drying
  • Methods of Drying Lumber and Other Solid Wood Products
  • Veneer, Particle, and Fiber Drying
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 8 Density and Specific Gravity
  • Effects of Moisture Content
  • Cell Wall Density and Porosity
  • Calculation of Weight and Buoyancy
  • Impact of Extractives and Inorganic Materials on Specific Gravity
  • Methods of Determining Specific Gravity
  • Relationship of Density to Growth Rate
  • Variability of Density
  • Sources of Variation in Specific Gravity
  • Juvenile Wood and Reaction Wood
  • Density of Forest Products
  • Metrication
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 9 Strength and Mechanics
  • Concepts of Stress, Strain, and Flexure
  • Shear Stress and Strain
  • Anisotropic Nature of Wood
  • Relationship of Strength to Specific Gravity
  • Comparative Strengths of Important Species
  • Allowable Stresses
  • 9.1 Variability of Clear Wood Strength
  • Factors Affecting the Strength of Clear Wood
  • Moisture Content
  • Time
  • Temperature
  • Fatigue
  • Reaction Wood
  • Exposure to Chemicals
  • Factors Affecting the Strength of Lumber Products
  • Knots
  • Decay
  • Slope of Grain
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 10 Durability and Protection
  • Fungi
  • Nature of Decay Fungus
  • Fungal Types
  • Preventing Wood Decay
  • Bacteria
  • Insects
  • Marine Borers
  • Heat and Fire
  • Weathering
  • Preservation
  • Preservative Treatments and Standards
  • Treating Methods
  • Considerations in the Use of Preservatives
  • Safety, Environment, and the Future
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 11 Silvicultural Practices and Wood Quality
  • Measures of Wood Quality
  • Density
  • Uniformity
  • Proportion of Heartwood
  • Fiber Length
  • Occurrence of Juvenile Wood and Reaction Wood
  • Cellular Composition
  • Knots
  • Grain Orientation
  • Chemical Composition
  • Concepts of Wood Quality
  • Growth Manipulation and Wood Quality
  • Spacing Trees at Planting Time
  • Thinning
  • Fertilization and Irrigation
  • Pruning
  • Genetic Improvement and Wood Quality
  • Intensive Culture
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 12 Lumber
  • Differences Between Softwood and Hardwood Lumber
  • Lumber Designation by Species Group
  • Lumber Size and Measurement Standards
  • Sawlog Scaling and Measurement
  • Lumber Manufacturing
  • Debarking
  • Primary Breakdown
  • Secondary Breakdown
  • Drying, Sorting, and Finishing
  • Industrial Products
  • Improving Sawmill Efficiency
  • Importance of Standards and Grades for Proper Lumber Selection and Use
  • Hardwoods
  • Softwoods
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 13 Structural Composites
  • End-jointed Lumber
  • Glue-laminated Timber
  • Cross-laminated Timber
  • Structural Plywood
  • Plywood Production
  • Heating the Blocks
  • Peeling Veneer
  • Veneer Clipping
  • Drying
  • Veneer Grading
  • Lay-up
  • Pressing
  • Panel Grades and Uses
  • Oriented Strandboard
  • Producing OSB Strands
  • Strand Drying
  • Strand Blending and Mat Forming
  • OSB Hot Pressing
  • OSB Applications
  • Laminated Veneer Lumber
  • LVL Species, Grading, and Use
  • Strand-based Composite Lumber Products
  • Basic Steps in Composite Lumber Maufacturing
  • Engineered I-joists
  • Adhesives
  • Factors Affecting Production Efficiency
  • Design Considerations and Product Limitations
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 14 Nonstructural Composites
  • Decorative Plywood
  • Basic Steps in Manufacture
  • Decorative Plywood Selection and Use
  • Particleboard
  • Variables in Particleboard Production
  • Basic Steps in Particleboard Manufacturing
  • Factors Affecting Particleboard Properties
  • Properties and Use of Particleboard
  • Wood-based Fiber Products
  • Medium-density Fiberboard
  • Manufacturing Process
  • Uses
  • Hardboard
  • Manufacturing
  • Wet Process
  • Dry Process
  • Tempering
  • Applications
  • Insulation/Acoustical Board
  • Manufacturing Processes
  • Uses
  • Other Wood-fiber Products
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 15 Pulp and Paper
  • Paper
  • The Manufacturing Process
  • Pulp Production
  • Washing and Bleaching
  • Beating and Refining
  • Sheet Formation
  • Paper Consumption
  • Paper Properties
  • Common Measures of Quality
  • Sheet Properties and Fiber Characteristics
  • Important Types of Paper
  • Linerboard
  • Corrugating Medium
  • Newsprint
  • Publication Grades
  • Fine Paper
  • Tissue
  • Paperboard
  • Kraft Sack Paper
  • Measurement and Sources of Raw Material
  • Wood
  • Agricultural Fiber
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 16 Energy and Chemical Products
  • Materials Available for Energy
  • Nature of Wood as Fuel
  • Wood for Energy in the Forest Products Industries
  • The Use of Wood for Commercial Electrical Generation
  • The Use of Wood for Production of Liquid Fuels
  • Ethanol
  • Hydrogen
  • Pyrolysis Oil
  • Wood Energy Use by Other Industries
  • Chemical Wood Products
  • Cellulose Ethers
  • Lignosulfonates
  • Modified Cellulose
  • Regenerated Cellulose
  • Ethyl, Furfuryl, and Methyl Alcohol
  • Naval Stores
  • Tannins
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Chapter 17 Global Raw Materials
  • The Importance of Wood
  • United States
  • Global Trends
  • Forests and Their Condition
  • Forests and Population Growth
  • The World's Natural Forests
  • Plantation Forests
  • Increased Efficiency of Wood Use
  • Nonwood Renewable Materials
  • Nonrenewable Raw Materials - Trends and Outlook
  • Demand
  • Supply
  • Environmental Impacts of Forest Harvesting and Wood Use
  • References and Supplemental Reading
  • Index
  • EULA

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