Functional Connections of Cortical Areas

A New View from the Thalamus
 
 
The MIT Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 9. August 2013
  • |
  • 296 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-262-31499-2 (ISBN)
 
In this book, two leading authorities on the thalamus and its relationship to cortex build on their earlier findings to arrive at new ways of thinking about how the brain relates to the world, to cognition, and behavior. Based on foundations established earlier in their book Exploring the Thalamus and Its Role in Cortical Function, the authors consider the implications of these ground rules for thalamic inputs, thalamocortical connections, and cortical outputs. The authors argue that functional and structural analyses of pathways connecting thalamus and cortex point beyond these to lower centers and through them to the body and the world. Each cortical area depends on the messages linking it to body and world. These messages relate to the way we act and think, each cortical area receives thalamic inputs and has outputs to motor centers. Sherman and Guillery go on to discuss such topics as the role of branching axons that carry motor instructions as well as copies of these motor instructions for relay to cortex under the control of the thalamic gate. This gate allows the thalamus to control the passage of information on the basis of which cortex relates to the rest of the nervous system.
  • Englisch
  • Cambridge
  • |
  • USA
978-0-262-31499-2 (9780262314992)
0262314991 (0262314991)
http://dx.doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262019309.001.0001
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Brief Contents
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Abbreviations
  • Chapter 1. An Introduction to Thalamocortical Pathways
  • 1.1 An Overall View of the Thalamus and Cortex in Relation to the Rest of the Brain
  • 1.2 Thalamocortical Connections
  • 1.3 Tracing the Message
  • 1.4 An Overall Summary of Some of the Major Points
  • Chapter 2. Cell and Synaptic Properties
  • 2.1 Intrinsic Cell Properties
  • 2.2 Synaptic Properties
  • Chapter 3. The Basic Organization of Cortex and Thalamus
  • 3.1 The Cortex
  • 3.2 The Thalamus
  • 3.3 The Thalamic Reticular Nucleus
  • 3.4 Outstanding Questions
  • Chapter 4. Classification of Afferents in Thalamus and Cortex
  • 4.1 Classifying Glutamatergic Afferents
  • 4.2 Nonglutamatergic Afferents
  • 4.3 Concluding Remarks
  • 4.4 Outstanding Questions
  • Chapter 5. First and Higher Order Thalamic Relays
  • 5.1 Evidence for Distinguishing First and Higher Order Thalamic Relays
  • 5.2 Some Differences between First and Higher Order Relays
  • 5.3 Developmental and Evolutionary Differences
  • 5.4 Role of Higher Order Relays in Corticocortical Communication
  • 5.5 Concluding Remarks
  • 5.6 Outstanding Questions
  • Chapter 6. The Dual Nature of the Thalamic Input to Cortex
  • 6.1 A Brief View of the Phylogenetic Origins of Thalamocortical Inputs
  • 6.2 Driver/Class 1 Afferents to the Thalamus Are Branching Axons
  • 6.3 Efference Copies and Forward Models
  • 6.4 Overall Conclusions about the Branching Driver Axons
  • 6.5 Outstanding Questions
  • Chapter 7. Linking the Body and the World to the Thalamus
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 The Inputs to Thalamus
  • 7.3 Outstanding Questions
  • Chapter 8. The Inputs to the Cortex from the Thalamus and the CorticalDescending Outputs
  • 8.1 Early Studies of Thalamocortical Relationships
  • 8.2 More Recent Views of the Thalamocortical Pathways
  • 8.3 The Topography of Thalamocortical Projections
  • 8.4 Different Types of Thalamocortical Projection
  • 8.5 Cortical Outputs
  • 8.6 Outstanding Questions
  • Chapter 9. Thalamocortical Links to the Rest of the Brain and the World
  • 9.1 A Brief Overview
  • 9.2 First Order and Higher Order Relays
  • 9.3 Identifying the Drivers and Modulators
  • 9.4 Reading the Message
  • 9.5 The Thalamic Gate
  • 9.6 The Motor Branches
  • 9.7 Cortical Areas Act through Their Connections with Lower Motor Centers
  • 9.8 The Functional Capacities of Cortical Areas
  • 9.9 Comparing Two Models of Thalamocortical Functional Relationships
  • 9.10 Examples of How the Functions of Particular Pathways Can Be Analyzed in Terms of the Organizational Principles Summarized So Far
  • 9.11 Relating Thalamocortical Connectivity Patterns to Action, Perception, and Cognition
  • References
  • Index

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