Gender Roles in American Life: A Documentary History of Political, Social, and Economic Changes [2 volumes]

A Documentary History of Political, Social, and Economic Changes
 
 
ABC-CLIO (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 30. April 2018
  • |
  • 820 Seiten
 
E-Book
978-1-4408-5959-5 (ISBN)
 
In the centuries that have passed since colonial America was first established, gender roles in American society have undergone massive transformations, with impacts that have been felt in every aspect of our culture. This evolution in gender roles has affected society in practically every conceivable manner, from family dynamics, the economy, and entertainment to business practices, how politics and military training are conducted, and childrearing roles and practices. In some places, it has sparked a tremendous backlash among Americans who see traditional gender roles as one of the country's foundational pillars. This set surveys all of these issues, making use of a wide assortment of primary documents to help readers understand the individuals, events, and ideas responsible for these changes in how American men, boys, women, and girls live, work, play, and relate to one another. These documents include speeches, testimony, and manifestos issued by prominent activists and commentators; recorded remarks of U.S. presidents and members of Congress; newspaper editorials, poems, short stories, and personal letters written by generations of American men and women; and passages from key Supreme Court decisions and legislation that have influenced gender roles--or were the result of evolving ideas regarding gender. Readers will also be able to consider first-hand the experiences of women and men who have been on the front lines of these changes, from stay-at-home dads to women in the military; government reports; and memoirs, essays, and other commentaries featuring different ideological perspectives on where men and women stand in American society in the 21st century.
  • Englisch
  • Santa Barbara
  • |
  • USA
978-1-4408-5959-5 (9781440859595)
1440859590 (1440859590)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • VOLUME 1: 1775â??1954
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Introduction
  • Gender Roles in American History: The Influence of Demographic Trends, Religion, Laws and Policies, and Technological and Economic Changes
  • Economic Shifts and Technological Advances
  • Persistent Patriarchy
  • Long-Term Demographic Trends
  • Gender and Parenting Roles
  • Gender and Household Labor
  • Chapter 1: 1775â??1850: Divisions of Labor in an Agrarian Nation
  • Thomas Paineâ??s â??Occasional Letter on the Female Sex,â?? 1775
  • Abigail Adams Urges Her Husband to â??Remember the Ladiesâ?? at the Second Continental Congress, 1776
  • Benjamin Rush Expresses Support for the Education of Women, 1787
  • A New England Minister Describes Moral Instruction of Children as the Primary Role of Women, 1833
  • Gustave de Beaumont Surveys the Lives of American Women and Girls, 1835
  • A Female British Sociologist Describes Societal Limitations Imposed on Women, 1838
  • John Oâ??Sullivan Cites â??the Natural Rights of Manâ?? in a Call for Continental Expansion, 1839
  • A New York Assemblyman Calls for Equal Property Rights for Women, 1839
  • Alexis de Tocqueville Assesses the Educational Options for Young American Women, 1840
  • A Female Textile Worker Condemns Conditions of â??Degrading Servitude,â?? 1845
  • Catharine Beecher Talks about Career Choices for Women, 1846
  • Martha Coffin Wright Offers â??Hints for Wives,â?? 1846
  • Sarah Bagley Admits to Flagging Spirits in the Fight for Labor Reforms, 1848
  • Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions, 1848
  • Chapter 2: 1850â??1900: The Civil War, Emancipation, and Progress toward Womenâ??s Rights
  • Horace Greeley Offers His Perspective on â??Women and Work,â?? 1852
  • A Womanâ??s Magazine Publishes a Satirical Report from an Imaginary â??Menâ??s Rights Convention,â?? 1852
  • A Methodist Minister Cites the Bible in Supporting Ordination for Women, 1853
  • Susan B. Anthony Blames Disrespect for Teachers on Sexism, 1853
  • Harriet Jacobs Writes of the Sexual Exploitation of Girls in Slavery, 1861
  • Vassar Collegeâ??s Founder Explains His Support for Female College Instructors, 1864
  • A Reconstruction-Era Georgia Planter Complains About â??Idleâ?? Freedwomen, 1866
  • Louisa May Alcott Urges Women Not to Fear Being an â??Old Maid,â?? 1867
  • Clergyman John Todd Warns of the Horrors of Educating Women Out of Their Natural â??Sphere,â?? 1867
  • L. P. Brockett Discusses How the â??Deficienciesâ?? of Women Make Them Ill-Suited for Various Professions, 1869
  • John Stuart Mill Studies the Subjection of Women, 1869
  • George W. Julian Describes Womenâ??s Disenfranchisement as the â??Slavery Yet to Be Abolished,â?? 1874
  • Alexander Graham Bell Takes Issue with the â??Extremismâ?? of Womenâ??s Rights Advocates, 1875
  • Susan B. Anthony Describes the â??Homes of Single Women,â?? 1877
  • A Medical Journal Editorial Laments the Advances of Women in Medical Professions, 1879
  • The President of Columbia College Applauds the Admission of Women into American Colleges, 1882
  • The Labor Department Defends the Reputation of Working Women in Cities, 1888
  • A Female Economist Urges Women Workers to Organize, 1890
  • Cardinal Gibbons Endorses Medical Education for Women, 1891
  • Anna Julia Cooper Muses on the â??Sublimeâ?? Responsibilities and Untapped Potential of Womanhood, 1892
  • Carroll Wright Examines the Status of Women Wage Earners, 1892
  • War and Manhood in The Red Badge of Courage, 1895
  • Kate Chopin Tells the â??Story of an Hour,â?? 1895
  • Charlotte Perkins Gilman Examines Womenâ??s Economic Dependence on Men, 1898
  • Chapter 3: 1900â??1930: The Progressive Era in the United States: No Vote, No Voice
  • Theodore Roosevelt Proclaims His Vision of American Manhood, 1901
  • Cardinal Gibbons Urges Women to Return to Their Natural Environmentâ??the Home, 1902
  • American Homes and Gardens Comments on Male Housekeepers in Europe, 1905
  • Madison Peters Describes â??the Ideal Wifeâ?? for American Men, 1905
  • Theodore Roosevelt Speaks Out on â??American Motherhood,â?? 1905
  • Tufts University President Frederick Hamilton Decries Co-Education, 1907
  • The Supreme Court Establishes Special Labor Rules for Women, 1908
  • Women Opponents of Suffrage Detail â??Why the Home Makers Do Not Want to Vote,â?? 1909
  • Introduction to the Boy Scouts of America Handbook, 1910
  • Social Reformer John Dewey Calls Co-Education a Benefit for Both Men and Women, 1911
  • Muckraker Ida Tarbell Condemns Americaâ??s â??Stupid Notionsâ?? of Equality, 1912
  • Suffragist Emmeline Pankhurst Challenges Men to â??Kill Us or Give Us the Vote,â?? 1913
  • Upton Sinclairâ??s â??The Double Standardâ??A Parable of the Ages,â?? 1913
  • Walter Lippmann Comments on the â??Drift and Doubtâ?? Created by Changing Gender Roles, 1914
  • Professor William T. Sedgwick Issues Rape Threat against Women Reformers, 1914
  • The Perils of Industrial Work for â??The Protected Sex,â?? 1915
  • Massachusetts Anti-Suffrage Committee Issues a Call to Arms to â??the Men of Massachusetts,â?? 1915
  • The NAACP Adds Its Voice to the Womenâ??s Suffrage Movement, 1915
  • Josephine Goldmark Surveys Challenges of Wartime Employment for Women, 1917
  • A. Philip Randolph Urges African Americans to Support Suffrage, 1917
  • The Drive for Womenâ??s Rights Undercuts Legal Protections for Domestic Violence, 1917
  • Dueling Poems on Employment of Women During World War I, 1918
  • Congresswoman Jeannette Rankin Speaks Out on â??Woman Suffrage,â?? 1918
  • Introduction of the 19th Amendment Granting Women the Right to Vote, 1919
  • The Girl Scouts Urge Young Girls to Pursue Lives of Adventure, 1920
  • Henry Ford Identifies â??Organized Womanhoodâ?? as a Tool of Communism, 1924
  • Chapter 4: 1930â??1955: The Great Depression, the New Deal, World War II, and Its Aftermath
  • Mary Anderson Recalls Working for the Depression-Era Womenâ??s Bureau, 1930s
  • Eleanor Roosevelt Describes â??What Ten Million Women Want,â?? 1932
  • Herbert Hoover Campaigns for the Votes of the Women of America, 1932
  • Eleanor Roosevelt Surveys the State of Women in America, 1940
  • Labor Department Alerts American Industry to Availability of Women Workers, 1942
  • War Department Informs American Industry â??Youâ??re Going to Employ Women,â?? 1943
  • Women Recall Working in Americaâ??s â??Arsenal of Democracy,â?? 1943â??1945
  • Labor Department Tips for Adding Women to the Workforce, 1944
  • A Woman Writes to President Truman about Her Postwar Employment Prospects, 1945
  • A Call for Equal Pay for Men and Women, 1950
  • VOLUME 2: 1955â??Present
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Chapter 5: 1955â??1975: Pushing Gender Boundaries
  • President Eisenhower Urges Working Mothers to Return to the Home, 1958
  • Kennedy Adviser Recalls the Work of the Presidentâ??s Commission on the Status of Women, 1961â??1963
  • Report of the Presidentâ??s Commission on the Status of Women, 1963
  • The National Organization for Womenâ??s Statement of Purpose, 1966
  • President Johnson Bans Sex Discrimination in Federal Hiring, 1967
  • Shirley Chisholm Speaks Out for Equal Rights for Women, 1969
  • Feminist Author Caroline Bird Expresses Support for the Equal Rights Amendment, 1970
  • Senator Sam Ervin Frames the Equal Rights Amendment as Damaging to Women, 1970
  • Betty Friedan Testifies About the â??Sex Plusâ?? Doctrine, 1970
  • Gloria Steinem Calls for Passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, 1970
  • A Woman Labor Union Official Declares Opposition to the ERA, 1970
  • Phyllis Schlafly Condemns the Equal Rights Amendment, 1972
  • Marabel Morgan Describes The Total Woman, 1973
  • Alice Paul Reflects on a Half Century of Crusading for Gender Equality, 1974
  • Chapter 6: 1975â??1990: Accelerating Gender Role Changes at Work and at Home
  • Alan Alda Urges Men to Support the Equal Rights Amendment, 1976
  • Republican Congressman Describes the ERA as â??an Attack on Motherhood,â?? 1978
  • The Pregnancy Discrimination Act, 1978
  • Title IX â??Policy Interpretationâ?? Levels the Playing Field for Male and Female Collegiate Athletes, 1979
  • President Carter Responds to Illinoisâ??s Rejection of the Equal Rights Amendment, 1980
  • Moral Majority Leader Jerry Falwell Laments â??Assaultsâ?? on the Traditional Family, 1980
  • President Carter Asks for Support from a Womenâ??s Labor Union, 1980
  • President of Hunter College Touts the ERAâ??s Benefits for Womenâ??s Education, 1984
  • An Economics Professor Explores Comparable Worth in the American Workplace, 1985
  • Chapter 7: 1990â??2008: Gains for Womenâ??s Rights amid Calls for a Return to Traditional Gender Roles
  • A Momentous Sex Discrimination Ruling in UAW v. Johnson Controls, 1991
  • â??Weâ??re Not a Fadâ??: Women Make Inroads in Congress, 1992â??2002
  • President Clinton Praises Women Serving in the U.S. Military, 1995
  • Debating Title IXâ??s Impact on Collegiate Athletes, 1995
  • President Clinton Announces Americaâ??s First Woman Space Mission Commander, 1998
  • First Lady Hillary Clinton and President Bill Clinton on Equal Pay for Women, 1999
  • Perspectives on Manhood and Changing Gender Roles from Three Men, 2000â??2009
  • The Family and Medical Leave Actâ??s Benefits to Working Parents, 2008
  • Sociologist Michael Kimmel Examines the World of â??Guyland,â?? 2008
  • Chapter 8: 2008â??Present: The Fight to Restore Womenâ??s Rights
  • The Bush Administration Minimizes Wage Disparities between Men and Women, 2009
  • Partisan Differences over the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Restoration Act, 2009
  • A Conservative Economist Dismisses the Existence of a Meaningful Gender Pay Gap, 2010
  • A Boston College Study Takes Stock of â??the New Dad,â?? 2010
  • The Department of Labor Examines Pay Gap Myths, 2012
  • A Father Considers Gender Stereotypes in Preschool, 2012
  • Evidence of Gender Bias among Male and Female Science Faculty Members, 2012
  • A World of CEO Moms and Trophy Husbands, 2012
  • Nancy Pelosi Declares That â??When Women Succeed, America Succeeds,â?? 2013
  • President Obama Declares That â??Itâ??s on Usâ?? to Stop Violence against Women, 2014
  • Steady Gains for Women in Education and the Workforce, 2014
  • President Obama Discusses the Persistence of Gender Discrimination, 2014
  • Neera Tanden Discusses â??Womenâ??s Changing Role in the Workplace,â?? 2014
  • Remarks by President Obama at a Working Mothers Town Hall, 2015
  • A Woman Advertising Executive Discusses Mad Men and Modern-Day Sexism, 2015
  • The Department of Defense Opens Combat Positions to Women, 2015
  • Senator Ernst Expresses Concern about Women in Ground Combat Positions, 2016
  • A Woman Journalist Describes Sexism and Misogyny in American Sports Media, 2016
  • Michelle Obama and Oprah Winfrey Discuss Womenâ??s Equality, 2016
  • Study Finds Persistent Gender Inequities in American News and Entertainment, 2017
  • President Trump Speaks in Support of Womenâ??s Empowerment, 2017
  • Democratic Senators Urge President Trump to â??Reverse Course on Anti-Womenâ??s Agenda,â?? 2017
  • Index
  • About the Editor

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