Essential Ornithology

 
 
Oxford University Press
  • 2. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 24. September 2020
  • |
  • 192 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-252695-3 (ISBN)
 
Essential Ornithology provides the reader with a concise but comprehensive introduction to the biology of birds, one of the most widely studied taxonomic groups. The book begins by considering the dinosaur origins of birds and their subsequent evolution. Development, anatomy, and physiology are then discussed followed by chapters devoted to avian reproduction, migration, ecology, and conservation. Sections dealing with aspects of bird/human relationships and bird conservation give the book an applied context. This new edition has been thoroughly updated, providing new information from rapidly-developing fields including the avian fossil record, urban and agricultural ecology, responses to climate change, invasive species biology, technologies to track movement, avian disease, and the role of citizen scientists. There is also a greater focus on North American ornithology. Drawing extensively upon the wider scientific literature, this engaging text places the results of classical studies of avian biology alongside the most recent scientific breakthroughs. Useful case studies are presented in a concise and engaging style with the student reader foremost in mind. Key points are highlighted and suggestions for guided reading and key references are included throughout. Essential Ornithology is a companion textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in avian science, as well as a useful reference for professional researchers and consultants. Amateur ornithologists will also find this book offers a scientifically rigorous and accessible overview for a more general readership.
2. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 3,96 MB
978-0-19-252695-3 (9780192526953)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Graham Scott is Director of the Teaching Excellence Academy at the University of Hull, UK. He was previously Interim Dean in the Faculty of Science and Engineering, and Head of the Department of Biological Sciences. He has a PhD in Ornithology from Edinburgh University, UK and is the editor of Ringing and Migration, a journal of the British Trust for Ornithology. He is an active and enthusiastic birder and bird ringer/bander.
  • Cover
  • Essential Ornithology
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Contents
  • Chapter 1: Evolution of birds
  • 1.1 Birds are dinosaurs
  • 1.2 Archaeopteryx
  • 1.3 The evolution of modern birds
  • 1.4 The phylogeny of birds
  • 1.4.1 Morphological phylogeny
  • 1.4.2 Character conservation and convergence
  • 1.4.3 Biomolecular phylogeny
  • 1.5 Adaptive radiation and speciation
  • 1.5.1 Darwin's finches
  • 1.5.2 Genes and evolution
  • 1.5.3 Hybrids
  • Summary
  • Appendix 1: Familiar names of the members of the Orders and Families of modern birds
  • Chapter 2: Feathers and flight
  • 2.1 Feathers
  • 2.1.1 Feather types
  • 2.1.2 Contour feathers
  • 2.1.3 Down feathers and semiplumes
  • 2.2 Feather tracts
  • 2.3 Feather colour
  • 2.4 Feather damage
  • 2.5 Feather maintenance
  • 2.6 Moult
  • 2.6.1 Moult strategies
  • 2.7 Flight
  • 2.7.1 Gliding and soaring
  • 2.7.2 Flapping flight
  • 2.7.3 Respiration and ~ight energetics
  • 2.7.4 Flying high
  • 2.7.5 Flight speeds
  • 2.8 The evolution of flight and flightness
  • Summary
  • Chapter 3: Movement: migration and navigation
  • 3.1 The ecology of migration
  • 3.2 Genes and migration
  • 3.3 Physiology and migration
  • 3.3.1 Seasonality and coordination of migration
  • 3.3.2 Hormones and the control of migration
  • 3.3.3 Fuelling migration
  • 3.3.4 Long haul flights
  • 3.4 The weather and migration
  • 3.5 Navigation
  • 3.5.1 Navigational cues
  • The sun and the stars
  • The magnetic field
  • Following your nose
  • Summary
  • Chapter 4: Eggs, nests, and chicks
  • 4.1 Sex and the gonads of birds
  • 4.2 The egg
  • 4.3 Clutch size
  • 4.4 Egg shell colouration and patterning
  • 4.4.1 Camouflage
  • 4.4.2 Egg mimicry
  • 4.4.3 Egg recognition
  • 4.4.4 Signals of quality
  • 4.4.5 Pigments and shell quality
  • 4.5 Nests
  • 4.6 Incubation
  • 4.7 Hatching
  • 4.8 Chicks
  • Summary
  • Chapter 5: Reproduction
  • 5.1 Males and females are different
  • 5.2 Mating systems
  • 5.3 Courtship and mate choice
  • 5.3.1 Resource provision
  • 5.3.2 Ornaments and displays
  • 5.3.3 Sharing a mate
  • 5.4 Song
  • 5.4.1 Song learning
  • 5.4.2 Functions of song
  • 5.4.3 Synchronized singing
  • 5.5 Raising a family
  • 5.5.1 Begging
  • 5.5.2 Imprinting and independence
  • Summary
  • Chapter 6: Foraging and avoiding predators
  • 6.1 Finding food and capturing prey
  • 6.1.1 Sharing information
  • 6.1.2 Foraging flocks
  • 6.1.3 Do herbivores cooperate?
  • 6.2 Optimal foraging
  • 6.2.1 Feeding territories
  • 6.3 Risk and foraging
  • 6.4 Predator avoidance
  • 6.4.1 Camouflage
  • 6.4.2 Predator distraction displays
  • 6.4.3 Tonic immobility
  • 6.4.4 Alarm calls
  • 6.4.5 Mobbing
  • 6.4.6 Flocks and colonies
  • Summary
  • Chapter 7: Populations, communities, and conservation
  • 7.1 Populations
  • 7.1.1 Life history strategies influence population growth
  • 7.1.2 Population change
  • 7.2 Communities
  • 7.2.1 Communities are dynamic
  • 7.2.2 Niche divergence
  • 7.2.3 Niche shifts, ecological release, and competition
  • 7.3 Extinction and conservation
  • 7.3.1 Conservation can be a success
  • 7.3.2 The task that faces us as ornithologists
  • Summary
  • Index

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