European Contract Law

 
 
Nomos (Verlag)
  • 3. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 28. April 2021
  • |
  • 312 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-7489-2573-6 (ISBN)
 
Den Kerngebieten des nationalen bürgerlichen und Handelsrechts liegen heute europäische Regelungen zugrunde. Das Handbuch bietet eine Gesamtdarstellung des europäischen Vertragsrechts unter Einschluss der neuesten Entwicklungen und behält dabei stets die Bedürfnisse der Praxis im Blick.
Die 3. Auflage wurde umfassend überarbeitet und aktualisiert; sie geht auf die Änderungen im Vertragsrecht insbesondere infolge der Digitale Inhalte-Richtlinie, der Warenkauf-Richtlinie sowie der Plattform-Verordnung ein.
  • Englisch
  • Baden-Baden
  • |
  • Deutschland
  • 3,09 MB
978-3-7489-2573-6 (9783748925736)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Chapter 1 Foundations
  • I. Introduction
  • 1. European contract law
  • 2. Aim and structure of this book
  • 3. Sources and literature
  • a) Sources
  • b) Literature
  • II. Contract law as part of European private law
  • 1. Concept
  • a) Overview
  • b) Variations
  • 2. Dualism of national and supranational law
  • a) Origins
  • b) Independence of the supranational legal order
  • c) Interdependency between national and supranational law
  • III. Contract law in the acquis communautaire
  • 1. Types of rules
  • 2. Primary law
  • 3. Directives
  • a) Development
  • b) Fragmentation
  • c) Minimum and full harmonization
  • 4. Selected legislation and case law
  • a) Consumer protection
  • b) Small and medium-sized enterprises
  • c) E-Commerce
  • d) Payment services
  • e) Non-discrimination
  • f) Insurance contracts
  • g) Others
  • IV. Coherency of European contract law
  • 1. Academic approaches
  • a) Principles of European Contract Law
  • b) Pavia Draft
  • c) General contract law and commercial law
  • d) Acquis Principles
  • 2. Commission Action Plan and the Common Frame of Reference
  • a) Basic sources
  • b) Draft Common Frame of Reference
  • 3. The CESL as a codification
  • a) Concept
  • b) Preparation
  • c) Structure and scope of application
  • d) Codification character
  • e) Legislative process and withdrawal
  • V. Focus on the Digital Single Market
  • 1. Overview
  • 2. Legislation
  • a) Supply of digital content and digital services
  • b) Sale of goods
  • c) Modernization Directive
  • d) Online intermediaries
  • 3. Reshaping contract law
  • Chapter 2 Core Elements
  • I. Concept of contract
  • 1. Contract and juridical act
  • a) Requirements for qualified consent
  • b) Transparency
  • 2. Contract as consensus ad idem?
  • a) Contract and inertia selling
  • b) Conclusion of contract as a complex process
  • 3. Contract and notice
  • II. Types of contract in the acquis communautaire
  • 1. Specific circumstances
  • a) Commercial agency
  • b) Timeshare
  • c) Goods, digital content and digital services
  • d) Consumer credit
  • 2. Increase in contract types in the acquis communautaire
  • a) Framework contract
  • b) Advisory services
  • c) Service contracts
  • III. Mixed contracts
  • IV. Freedom of contract
  • 1. Overview
  • 2. Default and mandatory law
  • 3. Limitations on contract drafting by controlling contract terms
  • 4. Good faith
  • 5. Non-discrimination
  • a) Foundation
  • b) Discrimination due to a personal characteristic
  • c) Discrimination as a barrier to the internal market
  • 6. Party status
  • V. Consumers and other protected parties
  • 1. Overview
  • 2. Notion of the consumer in the acquis communautaire
  • 3. Other protected parties
  • Chapter 3 Conclusion and Content of Contracts
  • I. Pre-contractual duties
  • 1. Overview
  • 2. Comparative perspectives
  • 3. Pre-contractual duties and good faith in the acquis communautaire
  • 4. Pre-contractual duties and good faith in the CESL
  • 5. Pre-contractual duties and good faith in the DCFR
  • 6. Liability under the Acquis Principles
  • 7. Information duties in the acquis communautaire
  • 8. Between pre-contractual information duties and fair trading
  • 9. Standardized performance
  • 10. Pre-contractual information duties in the CESL
  • 11. Pre-contractual information duties in the Acquis Principles and DCFR
  • 12. Consequences of breach
  • II. Conclusion of contract
  • 1. Overview
  • a) Introduction
  • b) Acquis communautaire
  • c) Academic and legislative drafts
  • 2. Agreement
  • a) Principle
  • b) Requirements
  • c) Additional requirements?
  • 3. Modes
  • a) Offer and acceptance
  • b) Conclusion without offer and acceptance
  • c) Conclusion via distance means of communication
  • d) Conclusion of contract with data as counter-performance
  • 4. Pre-contractual public statements
  • a) Statements by a contract party
  • b) Third parties
  • 5. Unilateral promises
  • a) Binding effect
  • b) Protecting the offeror
  • 6. Inertia selling
  • a) Principle
  • b) Functions
  • c) Requirements
  • d) Legal effects
  • 7. Defects in Consent
  • a) An alternative concept for protecting against flawed decisions?
  • b) Defects in consent in the acquis communautaire
  • c) Mistake and protection against unfair commercial practices
  • d) Defects in consent in the CESL
  • III. Right of withdrawal
  • 1. Overview
  • a) Introduction
  • b) Emergence of a general part
  • 2. Functions
  • a) Protection
  • b) Increasing confidence
  • c) Scope
  • 3. Features
  • a) Formative right
  • b) Distinction from revocation and termination rights
  • c) Mandatory nature
  • 4. Exercise
  • a) Notice
  • b) Dispatch principle
  • c) Information on the right of withdrawal
  • 5. Effect
  • a) Restitution
  • b) Termination
  • c) Obligations of the parties
  • d) Service contracts and contracts for digital content
  • e) Ancillary contracts
  • Chapter 4 Unfair Contract Terms
  • I. Overview
  • 1. Unfair terms law as a core area of contract law
  • 2. Unfair Terms Directive
  • a) Structure
  • b) Standard under the general clause
  • c) Relationship to German law
  • d) Approaches to further development
  • 3. Unfair terms in the Acquis Principles and DCFR
  • 4. Unfair terms in the CESL
  • II. Comparative law foundations
  • 1. Development in German law
  • 2. Control of terms under the French system
  • 3. English and Scandinavian systems
  • III. Unfair Terms Directive as a compromise
  • IV. General clause and the list of unfair terms
  • V. Late Payment Directive
  • VI. Acquis Principles
  • VII. DCFR
  • VIII. Reform
  • IX. The exclusion of unfair terms from the Consumer Rights Directive
  • X. CESL
  • Chapter 5 Performance Obligations
  • I. Introduction
  • 1. Fragmented regulation
  • 2. The development of a general conceptual basis
  • a) Acquis Principles and Common European Sales Law
  • b) Legislation
  • 3. Performance obligation and claim for performance
  • 4. Performance in long-term contracts
  • II. Performance
  • 1. Overview
  • 2. Delivery
  • 3. Supply
  • 4. Forms of performance
  • a) Overview
  • b) Type and place of performance
  • c) Time
  • 5. Counter-performance
  • a) Protecting the creditor
  • b) Protecting the debtor
  • c) Protecting the provider of personal data
  • d) Common European Sales Law
  • III. Conformity
  • 1. Basic features
  • 2. Subjective criteria
  • 3. Objective criteria
  • a) Fitness for intended use
  • b) Reasonable consumer expectations
  • c) Innovation
  • 4. Updates
  • 5. Installation
  • 6. Integration into the digital environment
  • 7. Third-party rights
  • 8. Non-digital services
  • IV. Modification and termination
  • 1. Modification
  • a) Overview
  • b) Digital content or digital services
  • 2. Termination
  • a) Overview
  • b) Acquis Principles, DCFR and CESL
  • Chapter 6 Breach and Remedies
  • I. Introduction
  • 1. Innovative approaches in the acquis communautaire
  • 2. Approaches to the system
  • a) Sales law in the acquis communautaire
  • b) Acquis Principles
  • c) CESL
  • d) Services
  • II. Liability for non-performance
  • 1. Overview
  • 2. Structure
  • a) Competing approaches
  • b) Classification approach
  • c) Uniform approach
  • d) Distinction between non-performance and non-conforming performance
  • 3. Time
  • 4. Strict liability
  • 5. Burden of proof
  • 6. Statutory limitations and exclusion of liability
  • a) Acquis communautaire
  • b) Academic drafts and the CESL
  • 7. Contractual exclusion of liability
  • a) Limitation and exclusion by agreement
  • b) Assumption of liability
  • III. Remedies
  • 1. Overview
  • 2. Performance
  • a) Foundations
  • b) Requirements and exclusion
  • c) Particular types of performance
  • d) Free of charge and the avoidance of significant inconvenience
  • e) Consequences
  • f) Right to cure?
  • 3. Withholding performance
  • a) Acquis communautaire
  • b) Academic drafts and the CESL
  • 4. Termination
  • a) Overview
  • b) Termination after an additional period
  • c) Further requirements
  • d) Partial termination
  • e) Notice
  • f) Consequences
  • 5. Price reduction
  • a) Overview
  • b) Requirements and exclusion
  • c) Consequences
  • d) CESL
  • 6. Damages and interest
  • a) Damages in the acquis
  • b) CESL
  • c) Interest
  • IV. Restitution
  • 1. Overview
  • a) Regulated aspects
  • b) Development of the acquis
  • 2. Sale of Goods Directive
  • 3. Digital Content Directive
  • a) Significance
  • b) Price reimbursement
  • c) Proportional reimbursement
  • d) Return of tangible medium
  • e) Prohibition of use and denied access
  • f) Restitution of data
  • g) Starting points for a coherent law of restitution
  • 4. DCFR and CESL
  • 5. Redress
  • Chapter 7 Preclusion and Prescription
  • I. Acquis communautaire
  • II. Proposal for comprehensive European rules
  • III. Conclusions
  • Chapter 8 Outlook

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