This book deals with convergences of legal doctrine despite jurisdictional, cultural, and political barriers, and of divergences due to such barriers, examining topics that are of vital importance to contemporary legal scholars. Written by leading scholars from more than twenty countries, its thirty-two chapters present a comparative analysis of cutting-edge legal topics of the 21st century. While each of the countries covered stands alone as a sovereign state, in a technologically advanced world their disparate systems nonetheless show comparable strategies in dealing with complex legal issues. The book is a critical addition to the library of any scholar hoping to keep abreast of the major trends in contemporary law. It covers a vast area of topics that are dealt with from a comparative point of view and represents the current state of law in each area.
Martin Schauer has been a professor at the Institute of Civil Law at the University of Vienna since 2001. Before, he was a professor for Civil Law, Commercial Law and Securties Law at Vienna University of Economics and Business. Martin Schauer was a visiting professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science, at Chuo University Tokyo and other universities. He is a titular member of the International Academy of Comparative Law and a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law (Hamburg). His main areas of interest are European private law, law of succession, foundation law, company law and insurance contract law.
Bea Verschraegen Full professor of Comparative and Private International Law at the Law Faculty of the University of Vienna since 1998. Registered mediator with special focus on cross-border cases and intercultural disputes. Head of the Austrian National Committee and titular member of IACL. Présidente honoraire de la Commission Internationale de l'Etat Civil (CIEC, Strasbourg). Fellow of the International Advisory Board of the "Belt and Road" Research Base of Hong Kong ("Belt and Road"). Elected Member of ALI. Elected member of the Academia Europaea (AE). Author of many books, articles and commentaries. Further information: http://homepage.univie.ac.at/bea.verschraegen
Foreword in English.- Foreword in French.- Opening Speech.- 1. The Independence of a Meritorious Elite: The Government of Judges and Democracy; Sophie Turenne.- 2. Judicial Rulings with Prospective Effects - From Comparison to Systematisation; Eva Steiner.- 3. Interpretation and Application of the New York Convention by National Courts; George A. Bermann.- 4. Private Law and Fundamental Rights; Verica Trstenjak.- 5. General Report on the Effects of Financial Crises on the Binding Force of Contracts: Renegotiation, Rescission or Revision; Rona Serozan.- 6. Disgorgement of Profits: Gain-based Remedies Throughout the World; Ewoud Hondius and André Janssen; 7. Private Ordering in Family Law: a Global Perspective; Frederik Swennen.- 8. Proof of and Information About Foreign Law; Yuko Nishitani.- 9. The Impact of Corruption on International Commercial Contracts; Michael Joachim Bonell and Olaf Meyer.- 10. Civil and Commercial Mediation and National Courts: Towards a New Concept of Justice for the XXI Century?; Carlos Esplugues.- 11. The Organisation of Legal Professions; Martin Henssler.- 12. Genetic Technology in the Light of Food Security and Food Safety; Roland Norer and Christa Preisig.- 13. The Law of Close Corporations; Holger Fleischer.- 14. The Protection of Minority Investors and the Compensation of Their Losses; Martin Gelter.- 15. Personal Guarantees Between Commercial Law and Consumer Protection; Andreas Schwartze.- 16. The Interaction Between Company Law and the Law of Succession - A Comparative Perspective; Susanne Kalss.- 17. License Contracts, Free Software and Creative Commons/ Contrats de licence, les logiciels gratuits et biens communs créatifs; Axel Metzger and Stefan Hennings.- 18. Whistleblowing Around the World; Gregor Thüsing and Gerrit Forst.- 19. Security Interests in Transport Vehicles - The Cape Town Convention and Its Implementation in National Law; Souichirou Kozuka.- 20. Damages for the Infringement of Human Rights; Ewa Baginska.- 21. The Rights of the Child in a Changing World. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: 25 Years After; Olga Cvejic Jancic.- 22. Fiscal Rules: Legal Limits on Government Deficit and Debt; Fred L. Morrison.- 23. Foreign Precedents in Constitutional Litigation; Marie-Claire Ponthoreau.- 24. Applicable Religious Rules According to the Law of the State; Silvio Ferrari.- 25. Droits sociaux et économiques; Krzysztof Wojtyczek.- 26. International Commercial Arbitration: How International, How Commercial Is It? How Autonomous Is It and Should It Be?; Andreas Reiner.- 27. Impact of Foreign Language on National Legal Orders: une perspective française; Stéphanie De Dycker.- 28. Le rôle des langues dans la connaissance et le développement des droits des pays arabes; Karim El Chazli.- 29. Language as a Bridge Between Legal Culture and Universal Justice: Lingua Aliena Novit Curia?; Ilaria Pretelli.- 30. The Inner Regulation Optimum of the Notarial Profession; Christian Helmenstein, Kalpana Scholtes-Dash and Helmut Berrer.- 31. The Notary - A Guardian of Private Autonomy; Michael Lunzer.- 32. The European Law Institute - Its Role and Contribution; Rosana Garciandía and Daði Ólafsson.