This book considers the concept of 'value' at the root of our actions and decision-making. Value is an ever-present, yet little interrogated aspect of everyday life. This book explores value as it is theorised, practiced and critiqued from a variety of disciplinary perspectives.
It examines how value is operationalized, endorsed and contested in contemporary society. With international insights from leading scholars, chapters offer a diverse and vibrant geographical engagement with value to showcase its conceptual flexibility. The book explores value's eclectic epistemic foundations; it's 'roll-out' and legitimation across a range of policy fields; and its challenges and opportunities. The book draws on global examples of value in practice: from forest conservation in Indonesia; protected area management in arctic Norway; a state park in the US; certification schemes for biodiversity in the UK; protection of the international night sky; heritage planning in East Taiwan; a re-developed airport site in Norway; a, local food networks in Canada and the UK; a market in the US and urban development in China.
The book will be of interest to human geographers, political ecologists, heritage scholars and practitioners, planners and those working in public policy, as well as practitioners and policy makers interested in how valuation processes work.
Sam Saville is currently an ESRC postdoctoral research fellow in Human geography at Aberystwyth University and is extending her doctoral work on value and environmental politics in Svalbard. Her research and publications span interests in polar geography, political ecology, climate change and rural globalization.
Gareth Hoskins is senior lecturer in Geography at Aberystwyth University where he teaches on a variety of topics including urban geography, the politics of memory, heritage, and material culture. His publications involve case studies in the United States, United Kingdom and South Africa.
List of Figures
List of Tables
Notes on Contributors
- Locating Value: An Introduction
Samantha Saville and Gareth Hoskins
Part I: Knowing Value
- Spectral geometries: value sub specie spatii and sensuous supersensibility
David B. Clarke and Marcus A. Doel
Kalliopi Fouseki, Joel Taylor, Margarita Díaz-Andreu, Sjoerd van der Linde and Ana Pereira-Roders
- Making values visible and real, but not necessarily monetised
- "There's no such thing as a unit of biodiversity": contesting value and biodiversity offsetting in England
- Commensuration as value making: transforming nature in English biodiversity offsetting under the DEFRA metric
Part II: Spacing Value
- Regimes of value in a Chicago market
- Urban planning practice and the transformation of value in China: Evidence from the city of Yangzhou
Xu Huanga, Martin Dijsta, Jan van Weesepa
- Locating value in the Anthropocene: baselines and the contested nature of invasive plants
Marte Qvenild and Gunhild Setten
- "And what do you do with five-hundred million stars?" Assessment of darkness and the starry sky, values and integration in regional planning
Samuel Challéat and Thomas Poméon
- Value and diminishment: Listing State Park closures, the 2011 attempt to meet General Fund reductions in California
Part III: Practicing Value
- Unsettled value: re-identifying tobacco agriculture as heritage in eastern Taiwan
- Locating value(s) in political ecologies of knowledge: The East Svalbard management plan
- Locating value in food value chains
- Private finance evaluation amongst REDD+ projects in Indonesia