Debunking Arguments in Ethics

 
 
Cambridge University Press
  • erschienen am 18. Juli 2018
  • |
  • 258 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-108-54276-0 (ISBN)
 
In this crisply written book, Hanno Sauer offers the first book-length treatment of debunking arguments in ethics, developing an empirically informed and philosophically sophisticated account of genealogical arguments and their significance for the reliability of moral cognition. He breaks new ground by introducing a series of novel distinctions into the current debate, which allows him to develop a framework for assessing the prospects of debunking or vindicating our moral intuitions. He also challenges the justification of some of our moral judgments by showing that they are based on epistemically defective processes. His book is an original, cutting-edge contribution to the burgeoning field of empirically informed metaethics, and will interest philosophers, psychologists, and anyone interested in how - and whether - moral judgment works.
  • Englisch
  • Cambridge
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
Worked examples or Exercises; Worked examples or Exercises
  • 2,37 MB
978-1-108-54276-0 (9781108542760)
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Hanno Sauer is an Assistant Professor of Ethics at the Department of Philosophy at Universiteit Utrecht, The Netherlands and a member of the Ethics Institute. He is the author of Who's Afraid of Instrumental Reason? Instrumentelle Vernunft und die Diagnose sozialer Pathologien (2009) and Moral Judgments as Educated Intuitions (2017). Sauer has published articles in a number of journals including Philosophical Studies, The Journal of Ethics, Philosophical Psychology and Ethical Theory and Moral Practice
  • Cover
  • Half-title
  • Title page
  • Copyright information
  • Contents
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction: Debunking Arguments and the Gap
  • I.1 Cornflakes and Critical Theory
  • I.2 A Cold, Hard Look
  • I.3 The Gap
  • I.4 Normative Theory
  • I.5 Moral Agency
  • I.6 Moral and Nonmoral Judgment
  • I.7 Moral Intuition
  • I.8 Outline of the Book
  • Part I Debunking
  • Chapter 1 Debunking Explained: Structure and Typology
  • Introduction
  • 1.1 The Structure of Debunking
  • 1.2 Selective or Global?
  • 1.3 Off Track
  • 1.4 Obsoleteness
  • 1.5 Symmetry
  • 1.6 Detection Error
  • 1.7 Inconsistency
  • 1.8 Ignoble Origins
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 2 Debunking Defused: The Metaethical Turn
  • Introduction
  • 2.1 The Darwinian Dilemma
  • 2.2 The Weakest Link
  • 2.3 Metaethical or Substantive Debunking?
  • 2.4 Against the Metaethical Turn
  • 2.5 A Diagnosis: Prior Plausibility
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 3 Debunking Contained: Selective and Global Scope
  • Introduction
  • 3.1 Scope: Wide and Narrow Debunking
  • 3.2 Process or Best Explanation?
  • 3.3 Distance: Distal and Proximal Debunking
  • 3.4 Bad Debunking!
  • 3.5 Depth: Shallow and Deep Debunking
  • 3.6 Trade-Offs and Elective Affinities
  • 3.7 Global Debunking: Garbage In, Garbage Out
  • 3.8 Selective Debunking: Disgust, Deontology, Partiality
  • 3.9 The Instability of Selective Debunking: Collapse
  • 3.10 The Instability of Selective Debunking: Regress
  • 3.11 The Instability of Global Debunking: Overgeneralization
  • Conclusion
  • Part II Disagreement
  • Chapter 4 Debunking Realism: Moral Disagreement
  • Introduction
  • 4.1 The Empirical Case against Realism
  • 4.2 The Right Kind of Disagreement
  • 4.3 Moral Convergence and the Right Kind of Disagreement
  • 4.4 Moral Convergence and Debunking
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 5 Debunking Conservatism: Political Disagreement
  • Introduction
  • 5.1 Moral Foundations
  • 5.2 The Asymmetry of Understanding
  • 5.3 Against Social Intuitionism
  • 5.4 Against Moral Foundations
  • 5.5 Debunking Conservatism
  • 5.6 Moral Foundations for Liberals
  • Conclusion
  • Part III Deontology
  • Chapter 6 Debunking Details: The Perils of Trolleyology
  • Introduction
  • 6.1 Trolleyology
  • 6.2 Unfamiliarity
  • 6.3 The Difference Argument
  • 6.4 Ecological Validity
  • 6.5 Novelty
  • 6.6 Imaginative Resistance
  • 6.7 Specificity
  • 6.8 Certainty
  • 6.9 Revisiting the Difference Argument
  • 6.10 Whither Trolleyology?
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 7 Debunking Doctrines: Double or Knobe Effect?
  • Introduction
  • 7.1 Three Questions: Methodological, Substantive, Normative
  • 7.2 From Unification to Scope
  • 7.3 The Obstacle Model
  • 7.4 Relevant Alternatives?
  • 7.5 Normative Implications: Deontology Debunked?
  • Conclusion
  • Part IV Conclusion
  • Chapter 8 Vindicating Arguments
  • Introduction
  • 8.1 Affirmative Vindication and Vindication by Elimination
  • 8.2 Vindicating Arguments: Structure
  • 8.3 Vindicating Arguments: Features
  • 8.4 Bridging the Gap
  • References
  • Index

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