Buddhism and Medicine

An Anthology of Premodern Sources
Columbia University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 25. September 2017
  • |
  • 704 Seiten
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978-0-231-54426-9 (ISBN)

From its earliest days, Buddhism has been closely intertwined with medicine. Buddhism and Medicine is a singular collection showcasing the generative relationship and mutual influence between these fields across premodern Asia. The anthology combines dozens of English-language translations of premodern Buddhist texts with contextualizing introductions by leading international scholars in Buddhist studies, the history of medicine, and a range of other fields.

These sources explore in detail medical topics ranging from the development of fetal anatomy in the womb to nursing, hospice, dietary regimen, magical powers, visualization, and other healing knowledge. Works translated here include meditation guides, popular narratives, ritual manuals, spells texts, monastic disciplinary codes, recipe inscriptions, philosophical treatises, poetry, works by physicians, and other genres. All together, these selections and their introductions provide a comprehensive overview of Buddhist healing throughout Asia. They also demonstrate the central place of healing in Buddhist practice and in the daily life of the premodern world.

This anthology is a companion volume to Buddhism and Medicine: An Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Sources (Columbia, 2019).

  • Englisch
  • New York
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  • USA
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Digitale Ausgabe
  • 28 b&w illustrations, 27 s/w Abbildungen
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  • 28 b&w illustrations
  • 85,14 MB
978-0-231-54426-9 (9780231544269)
023154426X (023154426X)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Edited by C. Pierce Salguero

Table of Contents
Doctrinal Considerations
1. Illness, Cure, and Care: Selections from the Pali Canon, by Dhivan Thomas Jones
2. The Healing Potential of the Awakening Factors in Early Buddhist Discourse, by Analayo
3. Curing/Curating Illness: Selections from the Chapter on the "Sufferings of Illness" from A Grove of Pearls from the Garden of Dharma, by Alexander O. Hsu
4. Understanding the Dosa: A Summary of the Art of Medicine from the Sutra of Golden Light, by C. Pierce Salguero
5. Fetal Suffering in the Descent Into the Womb Sutra, by Amy Paris Langenberg
6. Health and Sickness of Body and Mind: Selections from the Yogacara-bhumi, by Dan Lusthaus
7. Overcoming Illness with Insight: Kokan Shiren's Treatise on the Nature of Illness and Its Manifestations, by Edward Drott
8. Karma in the Bathhouse: The Sutra on Bathing the Sangha in the Bathhouse, by C. Pierce Salguero
9. Liberating the Whole World: Sudhana's Meeting with Samantanetra from the Sutra of the Entry Into the Realm of Reality, by William J. Giddings
Healing and Monastic Discipline
10. Medical Practice as Wrong Livelihood: Selections from the Pali Discourses, Vinaya, and Commentaries, by David Fiordalis
11. Nuns, Laywomen, and Healing: Three Rules from a Sanskrit Nuns Disciplinary Code, by Amy Paris Langenberg
12. Stories of Healing from the Section on Medicines in the Pali Vinaya, by David Fiordalis
13. Rules on Medicines from the Five-Part Vinaya of the Mahisasaka School, by C. Pierce Salguero
14. Food and Medicine in the Chinese Vinayas: Daoxuan's Emended Commentary on Monastic Practices from the Dharmaguptaka Vinaya, by J. E. E. Pettit
15. Toilet Care in Buddhist Monasteries: Health, Decency, and Ritual, by Ann Heirman and Mathieu Torck
16. Health Care in Indian Monasteries: Selections from Yijing's Record of the Inner Law Sent Home from the Southern Seas, by Christoph Kleine
Buddhist Healers
17. Two Sutras on Healing and Healers from the Chinese Canon, by Marcus Bingenheimer
18. The Buddha Heals: Past and Present Lives, by Phyllis Granoff
19. The Buddha's Past Life as a Snakebite Doctor: The Visa-vanta Jataka, by Michael Slouber
20. The Training and Treatments of an Indian Doctor in a Buddhist Text: A Sanskrit Biography of Jivaka, by Gregory Schopen
21. A Selection of Buddhist Healing Narratives from East Asia, by C. Pierce Salguero
22. The Buddha and the Bath Water: How the Bodhisattva Gyoki Founded Koya Temple, by D. Max Moerman
23. Esoteric Ritual Remedies: Kukai's Cures for Emperor Konin, by Pamela Winfield
24. "The Grief of Kings Is the Suffering of Their Subjects": A Cambodian King's Twelfth-Century Network of Hospitals, by Peter D. Sharrock and Claude Jacques
Healing Rites
25. Help for the Sick, Dying and Misbegotten: A Sanskrit Version of the Sutra of Bhaisajyaguru, by Gregory Schopen
26. The Sutra on the Dharani of the Vast, Complete, and Unobstructed Great Compassion of the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara with a Thousand Hands and Thousand Eyes, by William J. Giddings
27. Tantric Medicine in a Buddhist Proto-Tantra, by Michael Slouber
28. Healing Dharanis: A Collection of Medieval Spells from the Taisho Tripitaka, by C. Pierce Salguero
29. Seals of the Bodhisattva: A Buddhist Talismanic Seal Manual from Dunhuang, by Paul Copp
30. "The Ritual Altar of Kundali Vajra for Treating Illnesses" from the Collected Dharani Sutras, by Josh Capitanio
31. Curing with Karma and Confession: Two Short Liturgies from Dunhuang, by Stephen F. Teiser
32. Childbirth in Early Medieval Japan: Ritual Economies and Medical Emergencies in Procedures During the Day of the Royal Consort's Labor, by Anna Andreeva
33. The Ox-Bezoar Empowerment for Fertility and Safe Childbirth: Selected Readings from the Shingon Ritual Collections, by Benedetta Lomi
34. The Verses on the Victor's Armor: A Pali Text Used for Protection and Healing in Thailand, by Justin Thomas McDaniel
35. Selections from a Mongolian Manual of Buddhist Medicine, by Vesna A. Wallace
Meditation as Cure and Illness
36. Healing Sicknesses Caused by Meditation: "The Enveloping Butter Contemplation" from the Secret Essential Methods for Curing Meditation Sickness, by Eric Greene
37. Healing with Meditation: "Treating Illness" from Zhiyi's Shorter Treatise on Samatha and Vipasyana, by C. Pierce Salguero
38. Getting Sick Over Nothing: Hyesim and Hakuin on the Maladies of Meditation, by Juhn Ahn
39. Buddhist Method as Medicine: The Chan Materia Medica and its Ming Dynasty Elaboration, by Robban Toleno
40. Tantric Meditations to Increase the Forces of Life: Making Manifest the Three Deities of Longevity, by Matthew T. Kapstein
41. Rangjung Dorjé's Key to the Essential Points of Wind and Mind, by Douglas Duckworth
42. Treating Disorders of the Subtle Winds in Tibetan Buddhism, by Todd P. Marek and Charles Jamyang Oliphant of Rossie
43. How to Deal with Wind Illnesses: Two Short Meditation Texts from Buddhist Southeast Asia, by Andrew Skilton and Phibul Choompolpaisal
Hybridity in Buddhist Healing
44. Correlative Cosmology, Moral Rectitude, and Buddhist Notions of Health: Selections from the Sutra of Trapusa and Bhallika, by Ori Tavor
45. Apotropaic Substances as Medicine in Buddhist Healing Methods: Nagarjuna's Treatise on the Five Sciences, by Dominic Steavu
46. Dung, Hair, and Mungbeans: Household Remedies in the Longmen Recipes, by Michael Stanley-Baker and Dolly Yang
47. "The Mysterious Names on the Hands and Fingers": Healing Hand Mnemonics in Medieval Chinese Buddhism, by Marta Hanson
48. Selections on Illness Divination from Bodhidharma's Treasure of the Palm, by Stephanie Homola
49. Buddhist Health, Diet, and Sex Advice in Ancient Korea, by Don Baker and Hyunsook Lee
50. Vessel Examination in the Medicine of the Moon King, by William A. McGrath
51. Moxibustion for Demons: Oral Transmission on Corpse-Vector Disease, by Andrew Macomber
Buddhism in the Medical Traditions
52. "Indian Massage" from Sun Simiao's Prescriptions Worth a Thousand in Gold, by Michael Stanley-Baker
53. Sun Simiao on Medical Ethics: "The Perfect Integrity of the Great Physician" from Prescriptions Worth a Thousand in Gold, by Nathan Sivin
54. Using the Golden Needle: Nagarjuna Bodhisattva's Ophthalmological Treatise and Other Sources in the Essentials of Medical Treatment, by Katja Triplett
55. Buddhism in Choson Dynasty Medical Compilations, by Kang Yeonseok and Taehyung Lee
56. Determining Karmic Illness: Kajiwara Shozen's Treatment of Rai/Leprosy in His Book of the Simple Physician, by Andrew Goble
57. Selections from Miraculous Drugs of the South, by the Vietnamese Buddhist Monk-Physician Tue Tinh, by C. Michele Thompson
58. The Dong Nhân Pagoda and the Publication of Mister Lazy's Medical Encyclopedia, by Leslie E. de Vries
59. An Abhidhamma Perspective: Causes of Illness in a Burmese Buddhist Medical System, by Pyi Phyo Kyaw
60. Jewels in Medicines: On the Processing and Efficacy of Precious Pills According to the Four Treatises, by Barbara Gerke and Florian Ploberger
61. The Final Doubt and the Entrustment of Tibetan Medical Knowledge, by Barbara Gerke and Florian Ploberger
62. Did the Buddha Really Author the Classic Tibetan Medical Text? A Critical Examination from The Lamp to Dispel Darkness, by Janet Gyatso
Appendix: Geographical Table of Contents
List of Contributors

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