Guidelines for Integrating Process Safety into Engineering Projects

 
 
Wiley (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 12. November 2018
  • |
  • 432 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-118-79523-1 (ISBN)
 
There is much industry guidance on implementing engineering projects and a similar amount of guidance on Process Safety Management (PSM). However, there is a gap in transferring the key deliverables from the engineering group to the operations group, where PSM is implemented. This book provides the engineering and process safety deliverables for each project phase along with the impacts to the project budget, timeline and the safety and operability of the delivered equipment.

Since 1985, the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) has been the global leader in developing and disseminating information on process safety management and technology. CCPS, an industry technology alliance of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), has published over 100 books in its process safety guidelines and process safety concepts series, and over 100 training modules through its Safety in Chemical Engineering Education (SACHE) series.

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ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS


ACC
American Chemistry Council
AIA
American Insurance Association
AIChE
American Institute of Chemical Engineers
AIHA
American Industrial Hygiene Association
AIM
Asset Integrity Management
ALARP
As Low As Reasonably Practicable
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
API
American Petroleum Institute
APM
Association of Project Management
ASME
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASSE
American Society of Safety Engineers
AST
Aboveground Storage Tank
ATEX
Appareils destinés à être utilisés en ATmosphères
Explosibles (94/9/EC Directive)
BDL
Building Damage Level
BEP
Basic Engineering Package
BM&M
Benchmarking and Metrics program
BOD
Basis of Design
BPCS
Basic Process Control System
BSI
British Standards Institution
BST
Baker-Strehlow-Tang blast model
CAD
Computer-Aided Design
CAPEX
Capital Expenditure
CCPS
Center for Chemical Process Safety
CFR
United States Code of Federal Regulations
CII
Construction Industry Institute
CMMS
Computerized Maintenance Management System
CO/CO2
Carbon Monoxide/Carbon Dioxide
COMAH
Control of Major Accident Hazards
CPT
Client Project Team
CRA
Concept Risk Analysis
CSB
United States Chemical Safety Board
DCN
Design Change Notice
DCS
Distributed Control System
DHA
Dust Hazards Analysis
DHM
Design Hazard Management
DHS
United States Department of Homeland Security
DIN
Deutsches Institut fr Normung (German standard)
DOT
United States Department of Transportation
DSP
Decision Support Package
EER
Evacuation, Escape, and Rescue study
EHS
Environment Health & Safety
EI
Energy Institute
EN
European Norm standard maintained by CEN (European Committee for Standardization)
EPA
United States Environmental Protection Agency
EPC
Engineering, Procurement and Construction
EPCM
Engineering, Procurement, Construction and Management
ERPG
Emergency Response Planning Guidelines (AIHA)
ESD
Emergency Shutdown
ESDS
Emergency Shutdown System
ESDV
Emergency Shutdown Valve
EU
European Union
F&G
Fire and Gas
FAT
Factory Acceptance Test
FEED
Front End Engineering Design
FHA
Fire Hazard Analysis
FID
Final Investment Decision
FEL
Front End Loading
FMEA
Failure Modes and Effects Analysis
FSA
Functional Safety Assessment
FSS
Facility Siting Study
GB
Chinese national standard
GTR
Guarantee Test Run
HAC
Hazardous Area Classification
HAZID
Hazard Identification Study
HAZOP
Hazard and Operability Study
HCA
High Consequence Area
HIPS
High Integrity Protection System
HIPPS
High Integrity Pressure Protection System
HIRA
Hazard Identification & Risk Analysis
HF
Hydrofluoric Acid
HP
High Pressure
HFA
Human Factors Analysis
HMI
Human-Machine Interface
HR
Human Resources
HSE
United Kingdom Health and Safety Executive
HVAC
Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning
I/O
Input/Output
ICC
International Code Council
IChemE
Institution of Chemical Engineers
IEC
International Electrotechnical Commission
IOGP
International Association of Oil and Gas Producers
IPL
Independent Protection Layer
IRI
Industrial Risk Insurers
ISA
International Society of Automation
ISD
Inherently Safer Design
ISO
International Organization for Standardization
ITP
Inspection and Test Plan
ITPM
Inspection, Testing, and Preventive Maintenance
JHA
Job Hazard Analysis
JIT
Just-in-Time
JSA
Job Safety Analysis
JV
Joint Venture
KPI
Key Performance Indicator
LHG
Liquefied Hazardous Gas
LNG
Liquefied Natural Gas
LOC
Loss of Containment
LOPA
Layer of Protection Analysis
LOTO
Lock Out / Tag Out
LP
Low Pressure
LPG
Liquefied Petroleum Gas
MAH
Major Accident Hazard
MAWP
Maximum Allowable Working Pressure
MEL
Master Equipment List
MOC
Management of Change
MODU
Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit
MTI
Materials Technology Institute
N2
Nitrogen
NACE
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
NDT
Non-Destructive Testing
NFPA
National Fire Protection Agency
NGO
Non-Governmental Organization
NIST
National Institute of Standards & Technology
NORM
Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material
NOx
Mono-nitrogen oxides: NO and NO2 (nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide)
OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer
OM
Operations Manager
OPEX
Operating Expenditure
ORR
Operational Readiness Review
OSHA
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
P&ID
Process and Instrumentation Drawing/Diagram
PCB
Polychlorinated Biphenyl
PED
Pressure Equipment Directive
PEP
Project Execution Plan
PERT
Program Evaluation Review Technique
PFD
Process Flow Diagram
PLC
Programmable Logic Controller
PM
Project Manager and Preventive Maintenance
PMBOK
Project Management Body of Knowledge
PMI
Positive Material Identification and Project Management Institute
PMT
Project Management Team
PPA
Post-project Appraisal
PPE
Personal Protective Equipment
PQP
Project Quality Plan
PRA
Project Risk Assessment
PS
Process Safety
PSI
Process Safety Information
PSM
Process Safety Management
PSSR
Pre-startup Safety Review
PSV
Pressure Safety Valve
PreHA
Preliminary Hazard Analysis
QA
Quality Assurance
QC
Quality Control
QM
Quality Management
QMS
Quality Management System
QRA
Quantitative Risk Analysis
RACI
Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, Informed
matrix/chart
RAGAGEP
Recognized and Generally Accepted Good Engineering
Practices
RAM
Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability study
RBI
Risk Based Inspection program
RBPS
Risk Based Process Safety
RCM
Reliability Centered Maintenance
RFC
Ready for Commissioning
RFI
Request for Information
RMP
Risk Management Program
ROV
Remotely Operated Vehicle
RP
Recommended Practice (i.e., API guidance)
RV
Relief Valve
SAR
Search and Rescue
SAT
Site Acceptance Test
SCADA
Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
SCAI
Safety Controls, Alarms, and Interlocks
SCBA
Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
SCE
Safety Critical Equipment/Element
SDS
Safety Data Sheet (formerly MSDS)
SGIA
Smoke and Gas Ingress Analysis
SIF
Safety Instrumented Function
SIL
Safety Integrity Level
SIMOPS
Simultaneous Operations
SIP
Shelter in Place
SIS
Safety Instrumented System
SME
Subject Matter Expert
SOR
Statement of Requirements
SOW
Statement of Work
SOx
Sulfur oxides: sulfur monoxide (SO), sulfur dioxide
(SO2), sulfur trioxide (SO3), disulfur monoxide
(S2O), disulfur dioxide (S2O2), etc.
SRS
Safety Requirements Specification
SUE
Start-up Efficiency review
SVA
Security Vulnerability Analysis
THA
Task Hazard Analysis
TQM
Total Quality Management
TR
Temporary Refuge
UFD
Utility Flow Diagram...

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