Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Americans at Risk: Problems and Solutions [3 volumes]

 
 
Praeger (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 16. Februar 2018
  • |
  • 839 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-4408-3236-9 (ISBN)
 
In June of 2015, the United State Supreme Court issued an opinion that directly impacted the lives of many LGBT Americans: in Obergefell v. Hodges, the court required all states to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples and to recognize same-sex marriages performed in other jurisdictions. While many activists consider this a major achievement, LGBT individuals still face a number of pressing issues. In Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Americans at Risk, editor Chuck Stewart and a carefully selected group of contributors unravel these far-reaching concerns. The book is a cutting-edge resource for academics, activists, scholars, students, and lay people who are interested in examining LGBT social and political movements as well as the public policy progress and setbacks of recent years. Three volumes of essays by experts in a variety of fields delve deeply into primary sources to tackle important topics such as transgender adolescents, alcohol and drug abuse, and the massacre at Pulse gay nightclub, along with dozens of others. Organized by life stages, this comprehensive work sheds light on concerns and controversies affecting youth, adults, and seniors connected to the LGBT community
  • Englisch
  • Santa Barbara
  • |
  • USA
ABC-CLIO
978-1-4408-3236-9 (9781440832369)
1440832366 (1440832366)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Volume 1: Children, Youth, and Young Adults
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Introduction
  • Chapter One. Children in Same-Sex Households
  • Pathways to Parenting
  • Legal Safeguards for Gay and Lesbian Families: Protecting Children's Rights
  • Psychosocial Outcomes of Children Raised by Same-Sex Couples
  • Academic and Cognitive Functioning
  • Bullying, Harassment, and Delinquency
  • Sexual Orientation and Identity Development in Children Raised by Same-Sex Couples
  • Benefits of Having Same-Sex Parents
  • Summary
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Two. Children Coming Out: The Process of Self-Identification
  • The Importance of Family Support
  • The Experiences of LGBTQ Students in Schools
  • The Diagnostic Community
  • Future Directions
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Three. Transgender Adolescence: Protective Factors for Positive Identity Development
  • Adolescence and Identity Development
  • Transgender Adolescence and Identity Development
  • Disclosure
  • Protective Factors
  • Health Care Settings
  • Conclusion and Recommendations
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Four. Growing Up Gay in Small Towns, Farm Communities, Urban Centers, and Suburban Neighborhoods
  • The Physical and Mental Health Risks of American LGBT Youths
  • In Schools across America: LGBT Youths' Experiences and Social Support in School
  • Location Matters: Experiences of LGBT Youths from Rural Communities and Small Towns
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Five. Gay Youths at Risk: Homelessness, Hustling, and Gay Youth Shelters
  • Factors That Lead to LGBT Homelessness
  • Survival Sex
  • HIV and AIDS
  • LGBT Homeless Youth and Mental Health
  • Intersections of Race, Class, and Gender
  • The Needs of LGBT Homeless Youths
  • The Specific Risks and Needs of Transgender Homeless Youths
  • LGBT Homeless Youth, Foster Care, and Adoption
  • Homeless Shelters
  • Homeless Shelters and LGBT-Inclusive Services
  • Future Directions
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Six. Crimes against Students: Stories of Bullying, Hazing, and Bias-Motivated Violence
  • Definitions
  • Regulations Protecting LGBT Youth
  • Risk Factors
  • Statistics
  • Case Studies
  • Proposed Solutions
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Seven. "It Gets Better" Media Campaign and Gay Youth Suicide
  • Data on LGBT Youth Suicides
  • Causes of Suicide
  • Therapeutic Intervention: Instilling Hope
  • Social Media for the Greater Good
  • It Needs to Get Better
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Eight. Creating Safe Schools: Clubs, Curriculum, and School-Based Inclusion for LGBTQ+ Youths
  • Gay-Straight Alliance (GSA) Clubs
  • Sex Education
  • Inclusive Curricula and Teaching of LGBT Historical Figures
  • Teacher Training
  • Safe Space or Safe Zone Programs
  • LGBTQ+ Students and Prom Policies
  • Policies That Impact LGBTQ+ Youths in Schools
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Nine. The Transgender Bathroom Question: What Makes a Healthy Society?
  • Gender: Definitions and Assumptions
  • Bathroom Laws and Narratives of Safety
  • Gender Policing-People under Attack
  • Healthy People, Healthy Communities
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Ten. Transgender Youth and Freedom of Expression in Schools
  • Walking in Their Shoes
  • What Can Be Learned from This Story?
  • A Few Definitions of Terms
  • A Matter of Respect
  • Legal Documents and Preferred Names/Pronouns
  • Determining Who Needs Help
  • Transgender Expression and School Dress Codes
  • Locker and Dressing Rooms
  • Health and Sex Education Curricula
  • Extracurricular Activities
  • Transgender-Supportive School Personnel: Staff Development
  • School Counseling Services for Victims and Aggressors
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Eleven. Social Media, iPhones, iPads, and Identity: Media Impact on the Coming-Out Process for LGBT Youths
  • Before the Internet
  • Learning How to Come Out and Be Out: The Internet as Reference
  • Coming Out and Being Out Online
  • Celebrity, Masculinity, and Homohysteria
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Twelve. The Kids Are Queer: The Rise of Post-Millennial American Queer Identification
  • The Evolution of "Queer" and Its Political Power
  • Millennial Acceptance and Broadening of Queer Identity
  • Post-Millennial Media and Technology and the Expansion of Queer Communities
  • Inter-LGBTQ Community Marginalization and Exclusion
  • Racial and Ethnic Discrimination and Exclusion
  • Discrimination and Health Concerns
  • Fears about a Queer Future
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Thirteen. HIV and Young Gay Men
  • HIV Care
  • Testing and Treatment
  • Social Attitudes toward YMSM and Sexual Activity
  • Social and Sexual Networks
  • The Internet and Age Differences among Sex Partners
  • Developmental Context
  • Sex Education
  • Future Innovations and Intervention
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • About the Editor and Contributors
  • The Editor
  • The Contributors
  • Index
  • Volume 2: Adults, Generation X, and Generation Y
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Introduction
  • Chapter One. Whose Movement Is This Anymore? The Rise of Multi-Identities and the Post-Gay Identity
  • Gay Liberation: Out of the Closets and Into the Streets
  • Multi-Identity and the Post-Gay Era
  • The Changing Face of Activism in the 21st Century
  • Not Post-Gay Yet
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Two. Gays in the Military and the Repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" and Its Aftermath
  • The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)
  • Transgender Policy
  • Issues
  • Discussion
  • Implications and Recommendations
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Three. Will You Marry Me? Gay Marriage and Its Status
  • A Hundred Years of Marriage: 1860-1960
  • Marriage and Civil Rights Discourse: 1960-1979
  • Marriage, Religion, and AIDS: The 1980s
  • Early Efforts and Statutory Roadblocks to Marriage Equality: The 1990s
  • The Advent of Civil Unions, Disobeying the Law, and a Growing Divide: 2000-2010
  • An Era of Hope and Victories: 2010 to the Present
  • And So . . .
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Four. LGBTQ Parenting Post-Marriage Equality
  • Before Marriage Equality
  • Research on Children Raised in LGBTQ Households
  • Unintended Consequences
  • Divorce
  • Prenuptial and Other Contractual Agreements
  • Second-Parent Adoptions
  • Birth and Death Certificates
  • Adoptions through Adoption Agencies
  • Other Issues: ART, Surrogacy, and Trans Families
  • Employment and Public Accommodations and RFRA
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Five. Drug and Alcohol Abuse and Addiction in the LGBT Community: Factors Impacting Rates of Use and Abuse
  • Defining LGBT
  • Rates of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
  • The Impact of HIV on Drug and Alcohol Abuse
  • Experiences of Adolescents with Drug and Alcohol Abuse
  • Factors Affecting Drug Use for LGBTQ College Students
  • Spirituality among College Students and Substance Use
  • Factors Influencing Drug and Alcohol Abuse
  • Types of Substances
  • Recommendations for Practice
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Six. LGBT Americans and the Criminal Justice System
  • Systemic Bias
  • Public Exposure: Raids, Stings, and "Walking While Trans"
  • Underground Economies: Sex Work and Drugs
  • The Crime of Being Poz
  • Protecting Children from "Gay Danger"
  • The Prison Experience
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Seven. Surprisingly Straight: The Pervasiveness of Heteronormativity within BDSM and Kink Communities
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Eight. Harvey, Elaine, Tammy, Jose, and Mark: The Rise of LGBTQ Elected Officials and Their Impact on Gay Rights Policy in the United States
  • Gay Officials
  • U.S. LGBTQ History
  • Descriptive and Substantive Representation
  • International Comparison
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Nine. Queer Is the New Cool: Mass Media Images of LGBT America
  • Notable Frameworks for Analyzing Images in Television and Film
  • Analyzing Depictions of LGBT Experience and Identity on Television
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Ten. Transition Regret and Detransition
  • Methods
  • Clarification of Terms
  • Existing Narrative, Statistics, and Findings
  • Main Causes and Trends Observed
  • Other Interesting Causes and Trends Observed
  • Questions to Address
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Eleven. Race, Gender, and Queer Theories of Difference
  • Multicultural-Multi-Hyphenate-Multidimensional
  • LGBT, Gender, and Racial/Ethnic Identities: Concepts and Questions
  • Movement History: Additive
  • Movement History: Multiplicative
  • Movement History: Intersectionality
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Twelve. The Antigay Movement
  • The Early Antigay Movement
  • The Expansion of the Antigay Movement
  • The "Defense of Marriage" Movement
  • The Ex-Gay Movement
  • The Contemporary Antigay Movement
  • Antigay Extremist Groups
  • Social Factors Influencing Support of the Antigay Movement
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Thirteen. Truvada Whore? How PrEP/PEP Is Changing the Face of AIDS Prevention
  • Development of PrEP
  • Promotion of PrEP
  • Criticisms of PrEP
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Fourteen. When HIV Seroconversion Rates Are Decreasing in the United States, Why Are They Increasing for Black and Latino Men?
  • HIV Testing and Prevention: Attitudes and Behaviors
  • Treatment of HIV and Adherence
  • Accessibility of Prevention and Treatment Systems
  • Cost
  • Serosorting and HIV Status Disclosure
  • Sexual Risk Behaviors
  • Discrimination
  • Sexual Networks and Community Viral Load
  • HIV Stigma
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations
  • Bibliography
  • About the Editor and Contributors
  • The Editor
  • The Contributors
  • Index
  • Volume 3: The Middle-Aged, Seniors, and Current Topics
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Introduction
  • Chapter One. The Impact of HIV over the Past Thirty-Five Years
  • Types, Origin, and Early Years of HIV
  • The Emergence of HIV/AIDS
  • The Dying Community
  • The Forgotten Generation That Was Lost
  • Impact on the Community
  • How Stigma Still Affects the Lost Generation
  • HIV Prevention through Medicine
  • Current Statistics and Health Status of Those Living with HIV/AIDS
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Two. We Were ACT UP: HIV/AIDS and the Lessons of Direct Action, Disruption, and Power
  • Stepping Up
  • The Art of Civil Disobedience: A Primer
  • Women ACT UP
  • Treatment and Data: Activists Become Scientists
  • The Fight Continues
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Three. When HIV Is Not a Terminal Disease
  • Developing a Treatment
  • From Terminal to Chronic Illness?
  • When Treatment Fails
  • Challenges to Adherence
  • Drug Toxicity
  • HIV and Aging
  • Barriers to Care
  • Inequities in Care
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Four. Still in the Shadows: Remaining Closeted
  • Coming Out
  • Reasons for Staying in the Closet
  • The Importance of Being Out
  • Is Coming Out of the Closet Still Important?
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Five. When the Pink Ribbon Replaced the Red Ribbon
  • Lesbians' Contributions to Breast Cancer Activism
  • Lesbians' Transition to HIV/AIDS Activism
  • Lesbians' Omission from History
  • Lesbians and Breast Cancer
  • Lesbians and HIV/AIDS
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Six. LGBT Health Care, Estate, and Long-Term Care Plans for Older Adults
  • Marriage Equality Cases and Health Care, Estate, and Long-Term Care Planning
  • Health Care for LGBT Older Adults
  • LGBT Estate Planning
  • LGBT Long-Term Care Planning
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Seven. LGBT Retirement Communities and Nursing Homes
  • LGBT Non-Subsidized Retirement Communities
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Eight. Being Old, Gray, and Lesbian or Gay in Communities across the Country
  • The "Silent Generation" vs. the Baby Boomers
  • The Civil Rights Movement and Fears of Aging
  • Differences in Family Structure
  • Feminism, Liberation, and AIDS
  • The Impact of Geographical Location
  • The Impact of Discrimination
  • Resources for LGBT Elders
  • Race and the Aging LGBT Community
  • Living in Poverty
  • Aging and Spirituality
  • Geographical Location
  • Resource Centers
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Nine. Religious Freedom Restoration Acts: Balancing Religious Freedom and Equality under the Law
  • The Federal Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA)
  • The Boerne Decision and the Amendments to the 1993 Federal RFRA
  • State RFRAs
  • Rationale for RFRAs
  • Impact on the LGBT Community
  • Impact on the Larger Community
  • Response of the LGBT Community and Supporters
  • The Do No Harm Act
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations for Policy Makers
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Ten. When Private Beliefs Interfere with Public Health
  • Health Care Challenges Faced by the LGBT Community
  • Impact on Marginalized Groups
  • Marginalized Groups May Require Special Care
  • Definition of "Conscience Clause"
  • Responsibilities of Health Care Practitioners
  • Opposition to Performing Procedures
  • Opposition to Patient Population
  • Impact on Training
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Eleven. Why Are We Still Talking about Inclusion within LGBT Organizations?
  • The Beginning
  • Diversity Enters Organizations
  • Microaggressions
  • Microaggressions and Intersectionality in LGBT Organizations
  • Mental Health Effects
  • Minority Stress in LGBT Organizations
  • Recommendations for Reducing Intersectional Microaggressions in LGBT Workplaces
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Twelve. Massacre at Pulse Gay Nightclub and LGBT Gun Control Leadership
  • Antigay Rhetoric and Hatred of Gays
  • History and Function of the Second Amendment
  • The Regulation of Weapons
  • Repurposing the Second Amendment
  • LGBT People to Lead the Way for Gun Control
  • Reducing Antigay Violence
  • Conclusion
  • In Honor of Those Killed at Pulse Gay Nightclub, June 12, 2016
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Thirteen. Coming Out: On the Down Low in Communities of Color
  • Introduction
  • The Lowdown on the Down Low
  • Queering Street Gang Culture and Hip-Hop
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter Fourteen. Black Is Beautiful and Gay Is Good: The Black Power Movement's Influence on 1970s-1980s American Gay Rights
  • The History of (Gay and Black) Sexuality
  • The Uniting of the Black Panther Party and the Gay Rights Movement
  • Black Civil Rights as White Gay Rights
  • The Fissure of the Black Power Movement and Gay Rights
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • About the Editor and Contributors
  • The Editor
  • The Contributors
  • Index

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