This book is about understanding the nature and application of reflection in higher education. It provides a theoretical model to guide the implementation of reflective learning and reflective practice across multiple disciplines and international contexts in higher education. The book presents research into the ways in which reflection is both considered and implemented in different ways across different professional disciplines, while maintaining a common purpose to transform and improve learning and/or practice. The Readers will find this book is innovative and new in three key ways. Firstly, in its holistic theorisation of reflection within the pedagogic field of higher education; Secondly, in conceptualising reflection in different modes to achieve specific purposes in different disciplines; and finally, in providing conceptual guidance for embedding reflective learning and reflective practice in a systematic way across whole programmes, faculties or institutions in higher education. The book considers important contextual factors that influence the teaching of forms and methods of reflection. It provides a functional analysis of multiple modes of reflection, including written, oral, visual, auditory, and embodied forms. Empirical chapters analyse the application of these modes across disciplines and at different stages of a programme. The theoretical model accounts for students' stage of development in the disciplinary field, along with progressive and cyclical levels of higher order thinking, and learning and professional practice that are expected within different disciplines and professional fields. Secondly, in conceptualising reflection in different modes to achieve specific purposes in different disciplines. It provides a functional analysis of multiple modes of reflection, including written, oral, visual, auditory, and embodied forms. Empirical chapters analyse the application of these modes across disciplines and at different stages of a programme in terms of demonstrating levels of reflection. The book includes images, diagrams and different text forms to support the creative applications of reflection. And thirdly, the book is innovative in providing conceptual guidance for embedding reflective learning and reflective practice systematically across whole programmes, faculties or institutions in higher education contexts across the world.
PART I Conceptual Underpinnings of Reflective Learning.- 1. Introduction: Reflective and reflexive approaches in higher education: A warrant for lifelong learning? Mary Ryan.- 2. A model for reflection in the pedagogic field of higher education, Mary Ryan and Michael Ryan.- PART II Reflective Learning Across Disciplines.- 3. Refining a Teaching Pattern: Reflection Around Artefacts, Dean Brough and Michael Ryan.- 4. The Dancer as Reflective Practitioner, Evan Jones and Mary Ryan.- 5. Reflective Practice in Music: A Collaborative Professional Approach, Georgina Barton.- 6. Using the TARL model in Psychology: Supporting first and final year students to compose reflections, Erin O'Connor, Patricia Obst, Michele Furlong and Julie Hansen.- 7. Teaching and assessing reflective writing in a large undergraduate core substantive law unit, Tina Cockburn and Mary Ryan.- 8. Teaching Peer Review Reflective Processes in Accounting, Sue Taylor and Mary Ryan.- 9. The use of multimodal technologies to enhance reflective writing in teacher education, Lenore Adie and Donna Tangen.- 10. How does the use of a reflective journal enhance students' critical thinking about complexity? Jenny Kaighin.- 11. Teaching Reflection for Service-learning, Jimi Bursaw, Megan Kimber, Louise Mercer and Suzanne Carrington.- PART III Pedagogical Integration of Reflective Learning.- 12. An ePortfolio approach: Supporting critical reflection for pedagogic innovation, Lynn McAllister.- 13. The Social Life of Reflection: Notes Toward an ePortfolio-Based Model of Reflection, Kathleen Blake Yancey.- 14. Leadership enabling effective pedagogic change in Higher Education, Nan Bahr and Leanne Crosswell.- 15. Sustainable Pedagogical Change for Embedding Reflective Learning Across Higher Education Programs, Michael Ryan and Mary Ryan.