From the 1850s to the 1920s, laws regulating the industrial labor process, pensions for the elderly, unemployment insurance, and measures to educate and ensure the welfare of children were enacted in many industrializing capitalist nations. This same period saw the development of modern social sciences. The eight essays collected here examine the reciprocal influence of social policy and academic research in comparative context, ranging across policy areas and encompassing developments in Britain, the United States, Germany, France, Canada, Scandinavia, and Japan. Introduced by the editors, the essays include Part I on the emergence of modern social knowledge by Ira Katznelson, Anson Rabinbach, and Björn Wittrock and Peter Wagner; Part II on reformist social scientists and public policymaking by Dietrich Rueschemeyer and Ronan Van Rossem, Libby Schweber, and John R. Sutton; Part III on state managers and the uses of social knowledge by Stein Kuhnle and Sheldon Garon, and a conclusion by Rueschemeyer and Theda Skocpol.
Originally published in 1995.
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1	Knowledge about What? Policy Intellectuals and the New Liberalism	17
2	Social Knowledge, Social Risk, and the Politics of Industrial Accidents in Germany and France	48
3	Social Science and the Building of the Early Welfare State: Toward a Comparison of Statist and Non-Statist Western Societies	90
4	The Verein fur Sozialpolitik and the Fabian Society: A Study in the Sociology of Policy-Relevant Knowledge	117
5	Progressive Reformers, Unemployment, and the Transformation of Social Inquiry in Britain and the United States, 1880s-1920s	163
6	Social Knowledge and the Generation of Child Welfare Policy in the United States and Canada	201
7	International Modeling, States, and Statistics: Scandinavians Social Security Solutions in the 1890s	233
8	Social Knowledge and the State in the Industrial Relations of Japan (1882-1940) and Great Britain (1870-1914)	264
Notes on the Contributors	313