Why leadership is key to ending political and corporate corruption globally
Corruption corrodes all facets of the world's political and corporate life, yet until now there was no one book that explained how best to battle it. The Corruption Cure provides many of the required solutions and ranges widely across continents and diverse cultures-putting some thirty-five countries under an anticorruption microscope-to show exactly how to beat back the forces of sleaze and graft.
Robert Rotberg defines corruption theoretically and practically in its many forms, describes the available legal remedies, and examines how we know and measure corruption's presence. He looks at successful and unsuccessful attempts to employ anticorruption investigative commissions to combat political theft and venal behavior. He explores how the globe's least corrupt nations reached that exceptional goal. Another chapter discusses the role of civil society in limiting corruption. Expressed political will through determined leadership is a key factor in winning all of these battles. Rotberg analyzes the best-performing noncorrupt states to show how consummate leadership made a telling difference. He demonstrates precisely how determined leaders changed their wildly corrupt countries into paragons of virtue, and how leadership is making a significant difference in stimulating political anticorruption movements in places like India, Croatia, Honduras, and Lebanon. Rotberg looks at corporate corruption and how it can be checked, and also offers an innovative fourteen-step plan for nations that are ready to end corruption.
Curing rampant corruption globally requires strengthened political leadership and the willingness to remake national political cultures. Tougher laws and better prosecutions are not enough. This book enables us to rethink the problem completely-and solve it once and for all.
Robert I. Rotberg is founding director of the Program on Intrastate Conflict at the Harvard Kennedy School and president emeritus of the World Peace Foundation. His many books include Africa Emerges, Transformative Political Leadership, and When States Fail (Princeton). He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and former president of Lafayette College.
Introduction: Beating Back the Varieties of Brigandage 1
I The Nature of Corruption 16
II Measuring and Assessing Corrupt Behavior 50
III Strong Laws and Other Watchdogs 78
IV The Virtue of Anticorruption Investigative Commissions: Hong Kong, Singapore, Indonesia 109
V African Investigative Commissions: From Integrity to Interference 130
VI The Most Improved: Results 176
VII Nordic, Antipodean, and Other Exceptionalism: How Did Anticorruption Take Root? 197
VIII The Gift of Political Will and Leadership 223
IX People Power, Social Media, and Corporate Rigor 257
X Curing Corruption: Lessons, Methods, and Best Practices 290
XI What Works: The Anticorruption Program 310
A Research Note and Acknowledgments 313
Select Bibliography: Essential Readings
on Corruption and Anticorruption 351